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GMAT vs LSAT: A Comparison

These are two standardized tests with which folks have to wrestle if they want to pursue certain professional careers.  The GMAT is the standardized test required by virtually all business schools, for entrance to MBA programs; typically, the folks who take the GMAT wind up pursuing careers in management somewhere in the business world.   The LSAT is the standardized test required by virtually all law schools, for entrance into JD programs; typically, folks who take the LSAT wind up becoming lawyers of some kind.

 

Differences between the GMAT and the LSAT

The GMAT and LSAT themselves are quite different, and even if you are well-prepared for one, you may not be particularly prepared for the other.   Both have Reading Comprehension, the most basic and widespread of all standardized test questions (all professionals need to be able to read — even doctors!)  Both the GMAT and the LSAT have a writing section, a single essay.   Beyond those, they diverge.

Perhaps the most striking difference: there’s no math on the LSAT.  Apparently lawyers don’t need to understand math?  Folks who take the GMAT have a full 75-minute Quantitative section, loaded with math — and no calculator! —- as well as a largely math-y Integrated Reasoning section, which is all about interpreting various combinations of data.   Numbers and data are very important in the business world, but not important in the law?  If the lawyers need someone to manage the numbers in their firm, I guess they hire a business person.

The LSAT is largely “verbal” — in addition to Reading Comprehension, they also have “Logical Reasoning Questions”, which are quite similar to, but typically slightly harder than, GMAT Critical Reasoning questions — in fact, if folks preparing for the GMAT have already exhausted their practice CR questions, and they want harder questions to practice, the LSAT Logical Reasoning questions are an excellent practice source.

The LSAT also has a category “Analytical Reasoning Questions” —- these are the sort of confusing logic puzzles that math nerds usually think are fun.  For example,

There are four houses on a street.  Al, Bert, Charles, and Dave live in them, but not necessarily in that order.  There are cars of four different colors — red, yellow, green, blue — not necessarily in that order.  There are four pets — dog, cat, goldfish, and parrot — not necessarily in that order.  The man with the goldfish does not live next to the person with the blue car.  Charles does not have a dog or a red car.  etc. etc. etc.

 

It’s no surprise that future lawyers have to untangle fiendishly complicated logical knots.  For whatever reason, apparently business folks don’t need to be able to do this —- the logic of business is simple: it’s good to make money and bad to lose money!  If it’s anything more complicated than that, the business folks hire lawyers.

The GMAT also has Sentence Correction, which is a rigorous check of grammar and syntax.  While this is clearly important in the business world, apparently lawyers ain’t must to talk good.  Surprising, because a lawyer’s world is 100% verbal — one would think good grammar would be essential, but for whatever reason, the LSAT does not test grammar.

 

The bigger differences  between the GMAT and the LSAT

If you are applying to some joint JD/MBA program that accept either test or demands both, then I hope the foregoing helped and I wish the best of luck to you!

If you have landed on this page because you simply can’t decide which direction to pursue, business or law, it sounds as if you have more important things to decide than just which standardized test you prefer.

The difference between life as a lawyer and life as a business person is huge.   The choice of one’s professional path can be one of the most impactful decisions in one’s life.   Choosing which career path to pursue based purely on the differences between the GMAT and LSAT is roughly equivalent to deciding whom to marry based solely on the footwear this potential spouse is wearing today.   It would not be the most sound or well-informed decision.

If you are really stuck, trying to decide between a life in the business world or a life in law, I would say — forget the tests.  Talk to lawyers and talk to business folks — get some inside perspectives.  If you enjoy, or are inspired by, being around the people in either profession, then that’s an excellent indication that should become one of them (BTW, if you don’t like the majority of people in a profession, that’s often a stellar reason to avoid that profession like the plague!)  Remember, whatever profession you pursue, you will spend most of your life in the company of others of that same profession. —— Look at the courses offered in typical business schools and the courses offered in typical law schools: if the content of either of those curricula looks particularly appealing, that’s a good indication that it will prepare you for a career you enjoy; by contrast, if everything you need to study looks boring, then it’s hard to imagine that it will prepare you for something you will find fascinating.

 

Making the big decision

Those are some perspectives that may help.  Since this is, potentially, a major life-altering decision, I will share a few more thoughts.  The head, one’s intellectual and analytical capabilities, is excellent in the fact-finding phase of an important decision, but it’s not really the right “tool” to make the decision.  You see, if you have decide between A and B, then the head can construct a series of flawless arguments about why A is the best, why A is the worst, why B is the best, why B is the worst, etc.  You can drive yourself crazy chasing these arguments in circles.  The head is designed perfectly for simple problem solving, but not necessarily for life-altering decisions.   I believe the best way to make any important decision involves shutting the head off.  What do I mean?  Wait until you have a moment when you are calm and relatively unstressed, but awake and alert.   Breathe deep and simply focus on being relaxed.  It will help if you have practiced some mindfulness, especially toward your own thoughts.  It will help if you have called into question some of your own stories.   When you are calm, relaxed, passive, aware of your breathing, aware of your body, then you may well become aware of deeper feelings, some kind of signal or image or voice from the body.  Some people experience this in their hearts, others in their solar plexus or deep in their gut.  Some people get spontaneous images, some feel vibes, and others actually sense an “inner voice.”  You see, if your head has been weighing sides in a momentous decision, chances are very good that other, more fundamental levels of who you are, are ready to “weigh in” on the big decision, and you need simply to make enough space for these “voices” to be heard.  Many times, folks who had been confused or conflicted at the head level find that just one clear experience of the feeling in their core, in their center, is more than enough to decide the issue for good.

 

Summary

The GMAT and the LSAT are very different, and not surprising, they prepare you for careers that are very different.   Questions about the tests?  Questions about anything I have said here?  Let me know in the comments below.  :-)

 

About the Author

Mike McGarry is a Content Developer for Magoosh with over 20 years of teaching experience and a BS in Physics and an MA in Religion, both from Harvard. He enjoys hitting foosballs into orbit, and despite having no obvious cranial deficiency, he insists on rooting for the NY Mets. Follow him on Google+!

8 Responses to GMAT vs LSAT: A Comparison

  1. Jane Iroagalachi December 2, 2014 at 11:16 pm #

    Thanks a million, the article was helpful. Pls, where can I find LSAT questions online?

    • Mike
      Mike December 3, 2014 at 10:53 am #

      Dear Jane,
      You are more than welcome, my friend! :-) I’m glad you found it helpful! Unfortunately, I am not aware of any LSAT questions online, except for an odd few scattered in the GMAT forums. I think the best way to get LSAT questions is to buy one of the books, such as this one. I hope this helps. Best of luck to you!
      Mike :-)

  2. Arm May 13, 2014 at 10:49 pm #

    Hi Mike, Really nice article. I have 99% percentile on GMAT verbal. In general I liked GMAT verbal more than GMAT Quant. Do you think I will do equally well on LSAT if I work equally hard for it too? Thanks!

    On a different note, have you done any article on mindfulness meditation? If not I would be really interested in one. Thanks again! :)

    • Mike
      Mike May 14, 2014 at 2:13 pm #

      Dear Arm,
      I’m happy to respond. :-)
      I must say, I am not nearly as familiar with the LSAT as I am with the GMAT, but I would say that if you scored 99% on GMAT Verbal, I would suspect that any Verbal test would be pretty straightforward for you, and of course, the LSAT is all Verbal. I would ask you: are you taking standardized tests recreationally, or do you have a goal? FWIW, I don’t believe any business schools accept the LSAT.

      Here are a few articles in which I touch on things about mindfulness meditation:
      http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/overcome-gmat-exam-anxiety-breathe/
      http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/beating-gmat-stress/
      http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/the-gmat-business-school-and-you-the-big-picture/
      http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/zen-boot-camp-for-the-gmat/
      Those articles are warm-up, but I don’t really go into great detail about how to begin a meditation practice. I would recommend books by Jack Kornfield, Jon Kabat-Zinn, and Thich Nhat Hahn
      Good luck to you in all things, my friend.
      Mike :-)

      • Arm May 15, 2014 at 4:40 am #

        Dear Mike,
        Haha! No I am not taking standardized tests recreationally. Though I must admit I love standardized tests. It would be a dream to be paid to do just that. But I am afraid I not good enough yet.:) It is a long term goal to go to a law school. Hence I asked.

        Thanks also for those article links and book recommendations. A friend also suggested a book recently: 10% Happier by Dan Harris.

        Thanks and all the best!

        • Mike
          Mike May 15, 2014 at 12:31 pm #

          Dear Arm,
          Well, you are quite welcome. I am glad you found this helpful. Best of luck to you in your journey to law school!
          Mike :-)

  3. caroline March 28, 2013 at 12:23 pm #

    HI there,

    Which LSAT books do you recommend for more practice in reading comp? I am using Magoosh and studying for GRE, but want the harder questions to improve on honing in on more challenging portions…

    Thanks very much!

    • Mike
      Mike March 28, 2013 at 1:10 pm #

      Dear Caroline,
      I would say your first choices for more RC practice should be the GMAT OG and the LSAT OG. For either of those books, it doesn’t matter whether it’s an earlier edition (which would be much cheaper) — you don’t need the most up-to-date OG of a test you aren’t taking! If you go on the two GMAT forums (http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-forums/), you also will find many free collections of further RC passages.
      I hope this helps.
      Mike :-)


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