TOEFL TPO Review: TOEFL Practice Online

What is TOEFL TPO?

ETS, the company that makes the TOEFL, offers a few different sources of official TOEFL material to practice with. One of those resources is TPO, which stands for “TOEFL Practice Online.” The TPO tests are a set of full-length practice TOEFLs that were used for real tests in previous years. There are around 40 of them, numbered TPO1, TPO2, etc., and every year four of them are available on ETS’s website—but not for free.


How Much TPO Costs (Too Much)

Each TPO test costs $45 USD. That’s a lot of money for a single test. Compare, for example, the cost of the book Official TOEFL iBT Tests, which gives you five full tests for under $30 (depending on where you buy the book). You may disagree, because you may have found TPO tests available for free on other sites. Those are illegal, pirated copies. The only place to use the TPO material legally is on ETS’s website, and they are not cheap.

So I don’t recommend using official TPO tests for normal practice. I barely recommend using them at all, in fact.


What TPO is good for

TPO tests are best used to recreate the test day experience. If you have already studied the TOEFL, including all the types of questions and the best ways to answer them, then you will want to focus on your stamina, timing, and relaxation. Staying calm and quick during the real test is very important, because the clock can cause problems for some students.

And in order to practice those real-test conditions, you should definitely be practicing on a computer. If you want to use official material, too—the best practice material—there are two ways. First, you can use the three practice tests on the CD that comes with the Official Guide. The software and the material on that CD are similar to (but not exactly the same as) current, real TOEFLs. You can get a great test-day experience with that CD.

The second way is TPO. So really, I only recommend buying a TPO test if you need test-day experience to practice with test stress, timing, and stamina, but you’ve already used all the material on the CD of the Official Guide.

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TPO’s choices: timed or untimed test

When you start the TPO software, you get the options to either take your test timed, in standard test-day conditions, or to take your test untimed. If you choose the second option, you can also select extra features that you want during your test. Those features aren’t available on a real, official TOEFL—they are for people who want extra help while practicing. Of course, the real test is timed, too, so there the untimed version is not similar to a real test experience.

Here are the features:

Highlighting During the Reading Section

You can select highlight while you read, so you can easily find that text later. This is a little bit like taking notes. You can easily mark the most important ideas in the text.

Checking the Answer

Yes, this is exactly what you think. While taking the test, you can check what the correct answer is.

Marking Guesses

If you are unsure of a question, you can mark it with a small “guess” checkmark. That way, you can return to it later to think more about your answer, after you have answered the easier questions.

Pausing the Test

This is the most important feature. If the test is untimed, you can simply stop it at any time and then restart it later. The test is four hours long, so that can be useful.


Why timed is better

For $45, you can easily buy lots of material to analyze closely and think about over a long time. All of the extra features in the “untimed” section may help you if you are just learning TOEFL strategy and analyzing the test, but that’s not what TPO is good for. If you buy a TPO test, then it should only be because you want to experience a real, full, TOEFL test. And if that’s the case, then “timed” is the only way. It may be convenient to see an answer any time you want or pause the test any time, but you won’t have that convenience on your real test. So only give it to yourself when you are using the cheaper material, when it’s not so wasteful.


The score report

Besides the high price of a TPO, there is one other major downfall: the scoring. The reading and speaking scores are the most accurate you can find (especially if you take the timed test), but both the speaking and writing are scored by machines, and those automatic graders are terrible, especially the speaking grader.

First, they pay no attention to the content of your answer. I have written essays on topics that are completely different from the topics in the questions and received almost full points (28s or 29s) from the automatic essay grader. On a real TOEFL, that would give you a score of 0. The automatic essay grader only pays attention to grammar, vocabulary, and essay length. Those are all factors that affect your real TOEFL score, but it’s more important that you communicate the ideas and explanations well. It’s possible to skip the communication and only have correct grammar on a TPO, but get a high score. Similarly, it’s possible to communicate very well, but make a few grammar errors and have a somewhat short essay. And in that case, the TPO software will give you a grade that’s unrealisitcally low.

While the writing grader is flawed, the speaking grader is absolutely useless. It seems to score at random. My guess is that it is very picky about microphone quality, but ETS’s software isn’t very good with microphones. It may insist on using the microphone inside your laptop, for example, instead of an external microphone with higher quality. Whatever the reason, it has given me 15-20 points more than once, and I am a native-speaking TOEFL teacher who scores 30 on the real TOEFL. To be honest, though, this isn’t a surprise. If you want to understand why an automatic grader can’t possibly give a good score, try reading the automatic subtitles on youtube.


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16 Responses to TOEFL TPO Review: TOEFL Practice Online

  1. Armin October 25, 2016 at 9:28 am #

    Can we say toef level has been made easier over time?..

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert October 25, 2016 at 3:32 pm #

      I don’t think that could really be said. The TOEFL iBT’s content has changed very little since the iBT was rolled out to replace the CBT. The older paper-based test (TOEFL PBT), which is still available in some parts of the world, could actually be said to be easier, since you don’t have to do any speaking on the PBT. At the very least, the PBT isn’t clearly harder.

  2. Shreya November 6, 2016 at 4:16 am #

    I had given one toefl online test and received a score of 22 on speaking. So do you think they under rate the scores?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert November 8, 2016 at 9:58 am #

      TOEFL TPO doesn’t necessarily under-rate Speaking scores. But TPO’s TOEFL Speaking scores are very unreliable, whether the score is too high or two low. It’s simply impossible for a computer to automatically rate someone’s speech. So you can’t be sure a 22 on TPO will reflect your actual TOEFL Speaking ability.

  3. Murtaza December 13, 2016 at 3:11 pm #

    The reading and listening scores are probably accurate. Dose it really happens to have an accurate score in speaking?

  4. Hazem August 8, 2017 at 7:37 pm #

    Ooops! I wish I had read your article here earlier!
    I bought one of these tests. Actually, they are only $29 when you buy them bundled with the test registration, so I tried one. I got a score of 22 on the reading (now I know it’s unreliable) but I was reluctant to buy another test (now $45) just to improve my speaking. So I bought the “Speaking Series” for $24.

    I was shocked to find the questions on the speaking series were exactly the same on the Official Guide (4th Ed) and even some of them are on the Free Sampler! And now you’re saying the grading software is unreliable. What a waste of money!

    You’re the 2nd most visited website for Toefl Preparation (just after ETS) and I hope you spread the message about those useless software from ETS. If someone has already bought the Official Guide book, don’t waste money with buying individual sections.

    • Hazem August 16, 2017 at 8:15 pm #

      UPDATE: I complained to ETS about the duplication of questions and they offered me a full refund or a free complete TPO (all 4-sections). I chose the latter since it meant more practice.

  5. Hassan November 11, 2018 at 4:23 am #

    Hello Respected Manager

    I would tend to ask you about TPO? Is it an app installable on the PC? If so, please guide me how to download it.


    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert November 14, 2018 at 6:21 pm #

      Hi Hassan!

      The TOEFL TPO are TOEFL practice tests that you can purchase and take online, in your browser. 🙂 With that said, you might have to download some extra software.

      You can read more about it in the FAQ for the TPO here: TOEFL TPO FAQ

  6. mosi December 29, 2018 at 3:43 pm #

    Hi, I have a silly question!
    I found much software in App store that contains TPO. Is it legal to sell them? Anybody can use TPO for commercial purpose?!

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 31, 2018 at 7:54 am #

      Hi Mosi,

      That’s a good question! Without looking at the app, I can’t know for sure if it’s legal or illegal. If ETS has actualy permitted the app makers to use TPO, then it’s OK. However, if the app makers are using TPO without ETS’s permission, that’s an obvious copyright violation. I can tell you that I have seen both legal and illegal official TOEFL apps in the past. Also, right now, ETS says that their only official app is the TOEFL Go App. Hope this helps!

  7. Valeria Romero March 8, 2019 at 1:03 pm #

    Hi there little fella! I read your whole essay and I`ve gotta say: Mark me impressed! Sometimes you find yourself in the middle of the afternoon studing for a test and chillaxing, when suddenly, BAM! It hits you right in the jawbone. A perfectly graded description of the TOEFL system by a native! Thats gold baby!
    By the way: you wrote Surprise with a C… better check that grammar.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 8, 2019 at 3:57 pm #

      Hi Valeria,

      Thanks for your enthusiastic response! Glad you enjoyed this post 🙂 I fixed that typo–thanks for pointing it out 🙂

  8. Atal Zazai March 29, 2021 at 10:52 pm #

    Kindly tell us how to purchase more then 10 toefl mock test ?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert April 2, 2021 at 1:27 pm #

      Hi Atal, if you’re looking for additional high quality practice tests, I’d recommend that you check out the Magoosh Premium Program. You can also check out our book recommendations for more information on where to find high quality practice tests.

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