How is GMAT Integrated Reasoning Scored?

gmat integrated reasoning scored

Many students have questions about the GMAT Integrated Reasoning (IR) section. “Is integrated reasoning part of the GMAT score?” Well…yes and no. Your IR score will be submitted to schools along with your verbal and quantitative score. However, the IR score is totally separate from the “total score,” which consists solely of the Q & V sections. But nonetheless, admission committees have started giving considerable attention to integrated reasoning GMAT scores, so it’s important to perform well on each section. Continue reading below for specifics on precisely how the IR section scored.

Overview of the GMAT’s Integrated Reasoning Section

Fact: The current version of the GMAT features a Verbal Section, a Quantitative Section, a single AWA essay, and the new Integrated Reasoning (IR) section. The sequence of the new test will be:

1) AWA essay = Analysis of Argument, 30 minutes

2) IR section = 12 questions, 30 minutes

3) optional break, up to 5 minutes

4) Q section = 31 questions, 62 minutes

5) optional break, up to 5 minutes

6) V section = 36 questions, 65 minutes

This the traditional order.  As of July 11, 2017, this is one of three possible orders of the sections: students now have some choice about section order.


Fact: the IR section consists of four question types —

a) Graphics Interpretation (GI)

b) Two-Part Analysis (2PA)

c) Table Analysis (TA)

d) Multi-Source Reasoning (MSR)


Fact: all four question types will appear on everyone’s IR sections.

Fact: the breakdown by question type will differ from one person’s IR section to another person’s only because of the experimental questions.
In other words, everyone will have the same breakdown by question type for the questions that actually count toward their score. However, extra experimental questions are added in to this baseline, resulting in different IR section breakdowns for different people.
GMAC has revealed neither what that fundamental breakdown is nor how many of the 12 questions will be experimental. Let’s examine a hypothetical scenario just to understand:

Let’s say the graded IR questions consist of 2 GIs, 2 2PAs, 2 TAs, and 2 MSRs, for a total of eight (these are my made-up numbers). For everyone taking the test, let’s say those are the eight questions that are graded. The other four questions would be experimental questions, and will be different for different users. Thus, Abe might get an IR section with 3 GIs, 3 2PAs, 3 TAs, and 3 MSRs. Betsy might get an IR section with 2 GIs, 3 2PAs, 3 TAs, and 4 MSRs. Cathy might get an IR section with 2 GIs, 6 2PAs, 2 TAs, and 2 MSRs.

In each case, only the baseline eight questions count toward the score, and the others are experiments. (The numbers in this example are purely speculative: we have no idea what GMAC has up their sleeve.)

Here’s the kicker, though. As our hypothetical friend Cathy is working through her IR section, she may start to think: “Gee, I’m seeing a lot of 2PA questions! Some of them must be experimental!” Quite true. But the catch is, among those six 2 PA questions, the two that actually count could be the first two, or the last two, or any combination. Those comfortable with combinations will see that there are actually 6C2 = 15 different ways that the two that count could be scrambled among the four experimental questions.

As the test taker, even if you do have strong suspicions about which question types the experimental questions were, you will have no way of knowing, as you are working on a particular question, whether it counts or is experimental.  Therefore, you have to treat every single question as if it counts, same as on the Q & V sections.

What determines the Integrated Reasoning GMAT Score?

Fact: the IR section is not computer adaptive.  You are randomly assigned 12 questions as a group, and move through that sequence regardless of whether you are getting questions right or wrong.

Fact: The GMAT score report will consist of (a) V score, (b) Q score, (c) Total Score (combination of your V & Q scores), (d) AWA score, and (e) IR score.

Fact: the IR score will be an integer from 1 to 8. There is no partial credit on the IR section. For example, in a TA question in which there are three dichotomous prompts (e.g. true/false), you must get all three right to get credit for that one question. If you get at least one of the three parts wrong, the whole question is marked wrong.

Fact: The number of IR questions you get right will constitute a raw score.  The GMAC, using some arcane alchemy known only to them, will convert that raw score into a scaled score (1 – 8), which will be accompanied by percentiles.

Notice: Because of the statistical magic GMAC uses in converting raw scores to scaled scores (on IR, Q, & V sections), what may seem to your advantage or disadvantage may not work out that way. For example, the fact that there’s no partial credit is challenging: it makes it harder to earn points on individual questions. BUT, harder for everyone means that lower raw scores are needed to get a higher percentile grade. By contrast, if all the questions are very easy, that means most people will get them right, which means it will be “crowded” at the top, and much harder to place in a high percentile. Therefore, what matters is not how inherently easy or hard the test is—what matters is how well you perform, compared to other test takers.

Given your inherent talents, what will maximize your GMAT skills with respect to others taking the GMAT?  Sign up for Magoosh, and you will learn all the content and strategy you will need.

Editor’s Note: This post was originally published in May 2012 and has been updated for freshness, accuracy, and comprehensiveness.


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12 Responses to How is GMAT Integrated Reasoning Scored?

  1. Elsa Abi-Khalil July 5, 2017 at 8:06 am #

    Hello !
    I read this online from Kaplan’s website, but I wasn’t able to find it any other place.
    Is it true?
    It is saying that the GMAC is giving us three choices regarding the order of the GMAT exam sections.
    So I can do the IR at the end rather than start with it !


    Please let me know
    Thanks ,

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 5, 2017 at 11:15 am #

      Hi Elsa,

      You have heard correctly. And this definitely can be a good thing for test-takers. 🙂 In addition to that Kaplan article, you can read details about this on the Select Section Order update page of the official GMAT website.

  2. Golly April 1, 2016 at 2:49 pm #

    if you scored 220 for both verbal and quantitative what does it means

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert April 3, 2016 at 5:15 am #

      Hi Golly,

      Do you mean a 220 overall with the verbal and quantitative scores combined? If so, that puts you at about the 1st percentile and pretty low on the 200-800 scale. You will want to work on a lot of the basics that the GMAT asks for so you can apply again and push that score higher! 🙂

  3. Erum January 21, 2016 at 6:41 pm #

    I still don’t get the grading of integrated reasoning. There are 12 questions, so how does GMAC score from a scale to 1-8? If one gets 4 questions right out of 12 what will their score be? Do the experimental questions affect the score or not?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 28, 2016 at 2:21 am #

      Hi Erum!

      As is the common answer for all standardized test scoring systems, we have to talk about the raw score and the scaled score. The raw score will be whatever you earned out of 12, but the scaled score is the result of GMAC’s proprietary scaling process that takes into account question difficulty. In addition, not all of the IR questions are scored–there are experimental ones, about 2-4, mixed in (though you have no way of knowing which are experimental, so do them all well). No one really knows what the point value of each question is exactly, and you have to trust the GMAC algorithm that scales you from a raw score to the final score.

      I hope that helps a little bit! 🙂

  4. duong thang July 18, 2012 at 8:08 am #

    I take gmatprep,and I think that the order to the types of quesions in IR would be the same on the test day. Is my thinking correct?

    • Mike MᶜGarry
      Mike July 20, 2012 at 9:35 am #

      Duong Thang:
      Again, we have absolutely no idea of the order of questions on the IR. Yes, I know on the GMAT Prep, the questions are neatly arranged by question type, but we have no idea whether that will be the case on the real test. The order of the questions types could be different, and it could be that different question types are simply interspersed — a couple MSR, then a 2PA, then a GI, then another 2PA, etc. GMAC has given no information, so we have no idea. I would say: it’s much better to have zero expectations about that. If you have any expectations, things may be different, and that could leave you feeling frustrated & flustered during the test itself. Don’t risk that. It doesn’t matter anyway: you have to know all four types, and on any question, you have to do your best on that question, regardless of what came before and what will come after. Drop all expectations about question order. We have no information, and it’s not worth an emotional or intellectual investment. Focus on the content.
      Does this make sense?
      Mike 🙂

  5. duong thang July 18, 2012 at 12:19 am #

    what is the order of types of question in the IR section? Multi source reasoning part is at the end of the IR section? is that right?

    • Mike MᶜGarry
      Mike July 18, 2012 at 6:00 am #

      Duong Thang:
      There’s no order to the types of questions in the IR. GMAC has not announced any order, so that leaves us to assume they could appear in any order. What we don’t know is — will the question types be interspersed? In other words, could you have some 2PA, then a few MSR, then another 2PA later? At this time, we don’t know that about the section. I hope this helps.
      Mike 🙂

  6. duong thang July 16, 2012 at 9:08 pm #

    Great explanation. Thank you

    if a test taker do quickly enough, he/she alway get 12 questions. Is that right.

    Can a test taker return to a previous question to do gain.?

    • Mike MᶜGarry
      Mike July 17, 2012 at 7:19 am #

      Dear Duong Thang: Unfortunately, once you do an IR question and submit it, you can’t go back to it. In this sense, it’s just like the CAT on the Quant & Verbal sections. Also, those 12 “questions” — that needs some clarification. There are actually twelve screens, and each screen may have multiple sub-questions, and there’s no partial credit on the individual screens. In that sense, the time constraints are challenging. Does all this make sense?
      Mike 🙂

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