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Praxis Scores for Praxis Core: What You Need to Know

The moment you complete a Praxis Core exam in the testing center, you’ll be able to view your unofficial Praxis scores for Reading and Math immediately. At most testing centers, you will also be given your raw score as soon as the exam ends.

Praxis Scores: Raw vs Unofficial

The raw score of any exam is simply the ratio of correct to incorrect answers to questions. So if you take the Praxis Core English exam and get 50 out of the 56 questions right, your raw score would be 50.

In contrast, the unofficial score is more complex. For one thing, the unofficial score is based on the percentage of answers you get right, not the percentage of correct questions.  Although your raw score gives each question a value of one raw point, sometimes a question has more than one correct answer and is thus worth more than one point in scaled score calculations. If a question has multiple correct answers (as seen on pages 46-47 of the Core Reading Study Companion and pages 36-37 of the Core Math Study Companion), it would contribute more than one point to the percentage of correct responses, as calculated in the unofficial score.

The unofficial score is also based on the Praxis Core’s 100-200 point grading scale. This means the lowest possible score on a Praxis Core exam is 100 points, the highest possible score is 200, and the point range is 100. To calculate the unofficial score, the Praxis takes the percentage of correct responses and proportionally adjusts it to the 100 point range within the 100-200 scale. Click here to see passing scores by test and state.

To show you exactly how this adjustment works, let’s look at an example. Suppose you took a Praxis Core Reading exam that had 52 questions with only one possible answer choice, and 4 questions where you needed to select two correct answers. This would mean 60 possible correct answers. Now suppose you got half of those answers right. (This would be a terrible score, but half is a simple, easy-to-understand proportion for this example.) Your adjusted score would have 50 points, half of the 100 point scoring range. But since the scoring range starts at 100 instead of starting at zero, the actual adjusted score number would be 150.


Unofficial Praxis Score vs. Official Praxis Score

The difference between the raw and unofficial Reading/Math scores is somewhat complicated, as you can see above. The difference between your official and unofficial Praxis scores is much simpler. In fact, the vast majority of the time, there is no difference between the unofficial and official scores. This is because the Praxis Core is not adjusted for the relative difficulty of a set of questions, or the performance of other students on the same questions you took.

ETS does make difficulty and average-performance based adjustments for some of its other exams, such as the TOEFL and GRE. But with Praxis Core scores, what you see is what you get—both the unofficial and official scores are based on your percentage of correct answers, and nothing more.

Why You Still Need to Wait for Official Scores

There is one instance in which your official score can be different from the unofficial score you get on test day: test-center error. It’s possible for the test center computer to make some sort of miscalculation, assigning the wrong number of points to the raw score, or accidentally counting the number of right and wrong answers… that sort of thing. It’s rare for this to happen, but it can happen. And when it does happen, it’s obviously important to catch such mistakes. The screening process for this takes time.

Waiting on Praxis Scores

It also takes extra time to calculate Praxis Core Writing scores. This is because essays are constructed responses. They involve far more than just entering in an answer that is either correct or incorrect. The quality of a test-taker’s writing must be carefully assessed by an actual human being. Only after getting your writing rated can you get a full score on the three-skill Core assessment required in most states. These three official scores will be available 10-16 days after you sit for the three-subject version of the exam.

Average Praxis Scores

The minimum Praxis score required for licensure is the number you’ll want to pay the most attention to as you prepare for the Praxis.

However, it’s also good to know how you did in comparison to other test-takers, for a variety of reasons. Demonstrating above average Praxis performance can give you an edge in your job hunt, and is definitely worth mentioning on a resume or in a cover letter. Moreover, higher-than-average Praxis scores also look great if you apply for a graduate program in education or a promotion at your school. And in the most immediate future, some universities offer peer tutoring positions and other perks to students who stand above their classmates in terms of Praxis performance.

National Averages

ETS makes the national averages for Praxis scores easily accessible. The national average score range appears right on your Praxis score report. But you can also look up the national averages for each Praxis exam in advance on the official Praxis website.

Bear in mind that the national average score ranges for each exam change a little from year to year. The current year averages are always linked directly to the “Understanding Your Scores” page on the Praxis website, and you can also go directly to the 2015-2016 averages (current as I write this) right here. If you already took the Praxis sometime in the last several years, the ETS archive for average score ranges by test is still available for 2014-2015, 2013-2014, 2012-2013, and 2011-2012.

State Averages and School District Averages

ETS does not publish averages Praxis scores by state, much less by individual school district. Still, knowing if you’re above the average within your state or district can be useful. Every state has different Praxis benchmarks for licensure, and schools often look at applicants in terms of their in-state competitiveness. It can’t hurt to contact a state department of education or a local school district office to see if they keep statistics on average Praxis scores, so that you can aim for a truly competitive score.

Averages within a Teacher Education Program

Most university teacher education programs do keep tabs on the average Praxis scores of their teachers-in-training. If you attend a public university, you may even be able to get the averages for all student teachers within your state’s university system. Check with your adviser or department chair to see how other students in your program have been performing. Then aim to outdo the current average. Being at the top of your class can only help you in your academic career and your future teaching career.

The Takeaway

Many teacher preparation programs and potential employers will be interested in knowing your unofficial Praxis scores, even before the official ones are formally issued. (For example, I was asked to show my unofficial scores to The New Teacher Project after receiving a conditional job offer from them.) It’s very important to understand the difference between your raw score and your unofficial score, so that you can state your unofficial score correctly. It’s also important to know that your official score could be different from your unofficial score, but that such a scenario is unlikely.

IMPORTANT NOTE: We’ve gotten a lot of comments and questions in response to this post, both about unofficial Praxis Core scores, and about Praxis scoring in general. If you have a question about your scores on the Praxis Core or on another Praxis test, check out the comments section below this article. There’s a good chance you’ll find an answer to your question.

By the way, sign up for our 1 Week Free Trial to try out Magoosh Praxis Prep!

252 Responses to Praxis Scores for Praxis Core: What You Need to Know

  1. Ayanna May 7, 2016 at 6:16 AM #

    So basically you are saying that if I need to make a 150 on the core math that ideally means I only need to get 50 percent of the questions correctly? Also what percent correct is a good goal or guideline for the math, reading, and writing ? Some of the Prep book are saying about 60 percent based on the scores required by many states.

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 11, 2016 at 8:10 AM #

      That’s correct, Ayanna. 50% correct amounts to a score of 150 on the exam. 50% will also get you 150 on Core Reading. With Core Writing, the results of getting 50% correct on the multiple choice answers is not as predictable, because that exam also has essays that are graded on a rubric, and weighted differently than individual multiple choice questions.

      As for your personal good goal or ideal score, as the prep books mention, this varies widely from state to state, with some states accepting low scores and other states accepting higher scores. To know for sure what your target score should be, check with the state or states where you want to receive a teaching license.

      • Amber August 12, 2016 at 2:40 PM #

        David, I took the multiple subjects (5001) test today and on the science part, there were 50 questions and at the end it said my score was 137 and in Alabama you need a 144 to pass. Does that mean I failed?

        • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
          Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 13, 2016 at 4:00 PM #

          I would say it does. This test (or set of tests) very rarely has any score adjustments after the unofficial score is given in the testing center. When adjustments do happen, the score will only change by a few points– there’s seldom more than three point change. So it’s very unlikely than an adjustment in score will bring you all the way up to a 144. Still, you’re close— only 7 points off! Start preparing for a retake, and you’ll have a good chance of passing Elementary Ed Multiple Subjects the next time around.

      • Ashley C September 17, 2016 at 12:50 PM #

        So if I took the Praxis today for SPED-LD. It had 120 questions I need a 151 score and it showed me that I had 76 correct after I finished. So does that mean I might have passed?

        • David Recine
          David Recine September 23, 2016 at 11:35 AM #

          Yes, definitely! 🙂 76 puts you at 63%, comfortably above the 51% you’d need to get a 151.

    • Tara Keen September 19, 2016 at 1:45 PM #

      I am taking the business education 5101 in October. What score is required for me to pass? I have not been able to find that anywhere.

      • David Recine
        David Recine September 23, 2016 at 11:33 AM #

        It can be hard to find the specific Praxis score you need, since every state has different requirements. See the main state requirements page on the official Praxis website. From there, you should be able to click on the sate where your’e applying for the license, and then find links that lead to the 5101 requirements specifically. But if you’re still having trouble, Tara, come back here and leave me a comment telling me which state you’re in. I can help you look it up and post the requirement here if the Praxis Sate Requirement page hasn’t worked for you.

    • Jennifer fehling October 7, 2016 at 8:16 AM #


      I just took the reading praxis 5002. In my state you need a 157. I got a raw score of 47 with 80 questions being asked. Does this mean I passed ? Unfortunately the testing center did not give me my unofficial score.

      • David Recine
        David Recine October 7, 2016 at 3:52 PM #

        Hi Jennifer,

        Happy to help. 47/80 means you got 58.75% of your answers correct. Add 100 to the percentage of correct answers you got, and you’ll have your estimated scaled score. So you’re at 158.75, which should round up to 159. This means it’s highly likely you passed. While ETS does sometimes adjust your raw score by a few percentage points, it’s extremely rate for them to adjust the score downward. If your score is adjusted at all, ETS will likely add rather than subtract points. So congratulations! 🙂

    • Tonya November 5, 2016 at 7:29 PM #

      Hi there,

      So I am in NJ and just took Elementary Praxis (5001) on Nov 1st. The only scores that I saw were;

      Reading – 18
      Writing, listening, speaking – 25

      US History, G’ment, Citizenship – 13
      Geography, Anthropology – 10
      World history, Economics – 8

      Numbers, operations – 6
      Algebraic thinking – 5
      Geometry, measurement, data, statistics, probability – 6

      Earth science – 5
      Life science – 6
      Physical science – 6

      What do these scores mean? HELP!!!

      • David Recine
        David Recine November 5, 2016 at 9:23 PM #

        Praxis 5001 score reports are especially complicated, I know! This is because 5001 contains four subtests: Reading & Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies, and Science. In addition,there are multiple subcategories within each subtest. The Reading and Language Arts 5001 subtest has two subcategories: Reading and Writing/Listening thinking. The Science 5001 subtest has three categories: Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. And so on…

        Often, the raw score report you see right after you take the test will show the number of questions you got right in each subcategory for each subtest. So to get an idea of your score, you need to know how many questions there are TOTAL in each subcategory.

        The total number of questions in each subcategory can be found on pages 6, 9, 13, and 15 of the Praxis 5001 Official Study companion PDF. Below, I will reproduce the question totals from the Reading and math subtests and their subcategories. Then, I’ll help you calculate your subtest and subsection scores for these two portions of Praxis 5001.

        Reading: 38 questions total
        Writing, Speaking, and Listening: 42 questions total

        Numbers and operations: 20 questions total
        Algebraic thinking: 15 questions total
        Geometry and Measurement, Data, Statistics and Probability: 15 questions total

        So your subtest scores and subsection scores would be as follows:

        Reading and Language Arts scores
        Reading: 18/38 = 47%
        Writing, Speaking, and Listening: 25/42 = 60%
        WHOLE SUBTEST: 43/80 = 54% = 154 Praxis scaled score

        Mathematics scores
        Numbers and operations: 6/20 = 30%
        Algebraic thinking: 5/15 = 33%
        Geometry and Measurement, Data, Statistics and Probability: 6/15 = 40%
        WHOLE SUBTEST: 17/50 = 34% = 134 Praxis scaled score

        Note that your scaled score for each subtest is calculated by taking the percentage number and adding 100. A 54% score means a 154 on the Praxis, a 34% score means 134 on the Praxis, and so on.

        Similarly, you total score for the 5001 as a whole can be calculated by looking at the total percentage of correct answers out of 235 (the combined total number of questions from all four subtests)

        To complete these calculations, look at your subtest and subcategory scores for Reading & Language Arts and Math above. Following that model, look at the total number of answers (and number of subcategory answers) for the Social Studies and Science tests (pages 13 and 15 of the 5001 Study Companion). Then calculate your remaining percentages and 100 to the subtest and whole-test percentages to get your Praxis scaled scores.

        (Phew.) Praxis doesn’t make it easy when they show you your 50001 score report, that’s for sure! Hope this helps, though.

  2. Danielle May 14, 2016 at 10:22 AM #

    So I just want to get this right, is this the same for praxis concentration. For social studies I need a 147, if I got 47 out 90 correct which is a 52% does that mean technically I passed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 23, 2016 at 12:28 PM #

      Nearly all Praxis Subject Assessments are graded on that 100-200 point scale, yes. And this includes both of the Social Studies Praxis Subject Assessments (tests # 5081 and 5086). But the minimum you need to get is tied to percentage of correct answers, not simply the number of correct answers. So actually, if you got 47 out of 90 correct on a Praxis exam that was 100% multiple choice, you’d have a score of 152%, because you’d be at 52 percent. To get a minimum of 147 on a Praxis Subject test that’s has ONLY multiple choice questions, you’d only need to get 43 correct answers for a score of 47% correct. That’s less than half!

      That being said, a minimum of 43 correct answers on a Social Studies Praxis II will not necessarily get you a passing score on the specific exam you’re taking. This is because the Social Studies Praxis exam is NOT just multiple choice. Both versions of the Praxis Social Studies tests include 3 constructed response questions where you need to give a written answer. So there’s no way to know for sure if you passed until after your exam is sent to a scoring team and your constructed responses are scored by actual human beings.

      But yes– some states can set very low minimum scores for Praxis exams. This is because teacher licensing boards look at a lot of different factors in granting a license– the teacher’s portfolio, successful completion of student teaching, good academic performance during teacher training, etc….

      • Joe Van Vactor September 5, 2016 at 11:44 AM #

        So what would be a ballpark number of correct questions to pass for the (5089) Middle School Social Studies if my written responses was zero?

        • David Recine
          David Recine September 13, 2016 at 2:17 PM #

          Yikes! Hopefully that didn’t actually happen to you. As you can see on page 5 of the official Study Companion for Praxis Middle School Social Studies (5089), the essays are about 25% of your score. This correlates to 25 points on your official score report. So if you got 100% of the other questions right, you’d be sitting at a 175. Your score would go down from there. If you give me the exact score you need in your state, I can give you a specific ballpark numebr.

  3. Kayla May 26, 2016 at 4:02 PM #

    I just took the praxis core math about an hour ago. I scored a 148. I’ve taken this test numerous times. It’s frustrating to be that close to passing it. I’m beginning to think it’s something wrong with the scoring.

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 6, 2016 at 10:36 AM #

      This does sound very frustrating Kayla. So sorry you’re going through this. Unfortunately to my knowledge, Praxis offers score reviews and appeals only for essay questions, not for the “selected response” questions seen throughout the Core Math exam. But if you really do feel there may be a mistake in your scores, I recommend contacting Praxis customer service. They may be able to help you review which answers of yours were marked wrong, and see if there were any mistakes. It may also help to talk to someone at your testing center. Mistakes in Praxis multiple choice scoring are rare, but when mistakes do happen,t hey usually originate at the local testing center. So your local test site may be able to help you check and see if any scoring mistakes were made.

    • Sydney G July 23, 2016 at 11:08 AM #

      Same happened to me but I haven’t gotten my official score back yet. What’d you get as your official score?

  4. Riley Braem June 5, 2016 at 10:14 AM #

    I have a question much like the others posted. need a score of 159 on the Theatre Praxis II exam. There are 120 questions (all multiple-choice). I just took a practice test and got 79 out of 120. How would this translate?

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 6, 2016 at 10:31 AM #

      Multiple choice questions are equally weighted, and the Praxis II/Praxis Subject tests don’t adjust scores for difficulty. (At least not for multiple choice questions.) 79 out of 120 comes out to 65.8%. Since that’s equal to about 66/100, your score on the 100-200 point scale of the Praxis II Theater exam should be about 166. This would pout you in the clear. My only caveat on this prediction is that ETS is pretty secretive about exactly how they calculate official scores– everything they have stated in their official Praxis materials does indicate you’d get around a 166, though.

  5. Lin Davis June 11, 2016 at 11:16 AM #

    I just took the Praxis II (General Science: Content Knowledge Exam #5435). When finished I received a raw score of 135. The test had 135 multiple choice/answer questions. Last time I took the exam I received a NS and my actual score was a 141 (needed a 151). Has anyone else recently taken this exam, if so what raw score did you earn to pass the exam. Currently stressing more than before the exam.

  6. Claude White June 14, 2016 at 3:39 PM #

    I scored a 134 on the 5018 elementary content test. There were 140 questions. What does this mean?

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 20, 2016 at 10:24 AM #

      Based on all of ETS’s publicly available information on Praxis scoring, this would mean you got 34% of your answers correct. That does seem quite low though! If you’re pretty sure you answered more than 34% of the questions correctly, you may want to contact Praxis customer service. Sometimes their help line has access to information about scoring methods that hasn’t been published yet.

  7. Dominique June 28, 2016 at 1:41 PM #

    Hello I am taking the Health 5551 there are 120 questions on the test, I got 65 questions correct and scored a 146, I need a 149, how many do I need to aim to get correct.

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 29, 2016 at 9:43 PM #

      If you got 65 questions correct but got a 146, it means you got 46% of the answers correct. This probably means that certain questions you missed have multiple answers. Or questions you miss might have been counted as having more than one answer, based on the way the questions were structured. For instance, a question about a two different aspects of a school health program might be counted as having two answers for scoring purposes, even if there’s only one correct answer choice. (See question 30 on page 16 of your exam’s official Study Companion for an example of this: .)

      So it’s hard to tell exactly how many questions you’d need to get right in order to boost your score by three points, because your percentage correct is calculated by the number of answers, and some questions have more than one answer for scoring purposes. I can give you an estimate though— if you can answer at least 70 questions correctly the next time you take the exam, you have a very good chance of getting a 149 or higher.

  8. Jon June 30, 2016 at 12:18 PM #

    I’m taking the Social Studies Praxis (5081) there are 130 questions, mostly multiple choice and a few matching (drag and drop type questions). About how many do I need to get correct to pass (the state I live in requires a score of 161)? Are all the questions weighted the same? Thank you

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 4, 2016 at 3:16 PM #

      Hi Jon,

      Not all questions are weighted the same. The drag and drop questions are usually worth at least two points. The single answer multiple choice questions are almost always worth one point, but in rare cases, a single answer question could be worth two points.

      ETS is a little secretive on exactly how they weight each and every question, so it can be a little hard to tell how many points total the 130 question set in 5081 is. What you can know is that the percentage of correct answers plus 100 will roughly equal the official score. Get about 61% of your answers right, get a 161. So if you get 80 questions right, you have a good chance of making it past the 161 cutoff. But I would aim for 85, 90, or 95 questions right, just to be safe. You can’t know for sure how many points you’ll lose on a given question, and it’s better to aim higher than your minimum target score anyway.

      • Drew November 21, 2016 at 1:31 PM #

        Hi David,

        I took the same exam it looks like in Virginia. I got a 162 unofficially and will know in about 2 weeks what my official score was. There were only 130 multiple choice single answer questions on mine. I answered all of them. From reading the article and some comments, it looks like the official score could change but is unlikely. is that correct.

        • David Recine
          David Recine November 22, 2016 at 8:29 PM #

          That’s correct. More often than not, the unofficial score and the official score will be the same. In rare cases, the official score can be slightly adjusted from the unofficial score. When that happens, the score will usually change by 3 points or less, and will usually go up a little rather than going down.

  9. Cam Hill July 5, 2016 at 3:28 PM #

    Hey David, so just wondering the unofficial score you receive for reading and math after the core is essentially the score you will receive officially?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 7, 2016 at 9:16 PM #

      In all likelihood, yes. Recently, the Praxis has started making some difficulty-based score adjustments for some specific multiple choice tests in the Praxis II lineup. But to my knowledge, they still don’t make adjustments to Praxis Core scoring for multiple choice and numeric entry questions. So you should expect your official scores for Core Math and Reading to be the same as your unofficial scores, unless there was some kind of error in the testing center.

  10. Robert July 5, 2016 at 3:40 PM #

    Hello David.
    I just took the Praxis Middle School Social Studies test for Virginia (5089). At the conclusion of the test, it did not give me any data on questions correct/incorrect. I asked the examiners if this was standard, and their response was simply ‘if it doesn’t give you that info, that’s the way it is designed’. Is this correct?? It’s kind of frustrating to have to wait for nearly a month for ANY insight into my performance.

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 7, 2016 at 9:14 PM #


      At the end of the exam, you should be able to see your raw and unofficial scores— so if you didn’t see those, something definitely went wrong. But it sounds like you’re saying that you did see the scores, but weren’t given any info on which specific questions you answered correctly or incorrectly? If that’s the case– yes, that is unfortunately normal for the Praxis. Unlike most other tests that are designed by ETS, the Praxis provides no opportunities to review your individual answers or see any details about your performance, other than the scores themselves. So you won’t get to see a detailed, question-by-question report on your performance at all, even when you get your official scores.

      • Robert July 8, 2016 at 3:33 PM #

        Actually I saw NO score at all. All I saw was that the exam was complete, and it asked me if I wanted to send my score. Of course I did, although now I’m stuck for weeks having NO idea how I did. Very, very frustrating, especially if I simply missed the score. Would the score(s) have been something easily missed??

        • David Recine
          David Recine July 12, 2016 at 2:07 PM #

          Hi Robert. I decided to wait until this week to answer your latest question, because I wanted to call Praxis customer service and ask them if it’s ever normal to not be able to see a score. Apparently, this is not completely unheard of. Sometimes, for any Praxis exam,t he testing center computer may be unable to calculate scores for you, for one reason or another. Normally, you will see a score, but you can also expect score displays to NOT appear at the end of an exam on occasion.

  11. Sara July 6, 2016 at 7:39 AM #

    Hi. I just took the Middle School Math Praxis Exam. At the end of the test it said “raw score: 200”. But then below it said “Points earned per topic” and it was numbers 2 sections, one was 17 and another 27. So I am confused if the 200 is just saying that is was the max I could have earned was, or if that was my score? And do the bottom numbers represent the numbers of questions I got right, so out of the 55, I answered 44 correctly? I didn’t have a screen that told me exactly how many questions I answered correctly out of the total.

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 7, 2016 at 9:06 PM #

      Wow, that does sound like a really confusing screen display! I’ve never seen an end-of-test score screen for that particular exam, so I can’t tell you what each score field meant with 100% absolute certainty.

      I can tell you that its pretty much unheard of for anyone to get a perfect 200 on the Praxis’s 100-200 point scale. OIn fact, there are entire years where not test takers manage to get the full 200 on a given test. So it’s very likely (almost 100% likely) that you actually got 44/55 points on the exam as a whole, and that the 200 just represents the maximum score you could get (in theory). 44/55 will probably lead to an official score of about 180, by the way. That’s a pretty good score by most state standards!

    • kingaita Rudolph July 14, 2016 at 12:53 PM #

      Just took my middle school math praxis and I got a 122 raw score and then there were 2 more numbers at the bottom. Can’t really remember what they said. This is all confusing. If this is the real score, why do we have to wait 4 weeks for them to poste it on the praxis website.

      • David Recine
        David Recine July 19, 2016 at 9:15 PM #

        There’s usually a raw score and an unofficial score on the preliminary score report you see at the end of your test session. Without a screen shot, I’m not 100% sure what the third number would be. My guess though, is that the third number was the total amount of points possible on the test.

  12. Jessica vasquez July 6, 2016 at 9:08 AM #

    I have taken the early childhood education praxis II exam and scored a 137 as shown at the end of the testing. There were 120 questions. What percentage does that leave me in for passing it in the state of New Jersey

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 7, 2016 at 8:59 PM #

      Because all of the questions in Early Childhood Education (5025) are multiple choice, your 100-200 ranged score will be similar to the percentage of questions you got right, minus 100. So your score of 137 means you got about 37% of the answers right when you took the test. You’ll need to get about 65% of the answers right to meet New Jersey’s requirement of 165 for this exam. So you’ll want to raise your performance by 28 percentage points.

  13. Jill July 7, 2016 at 9:06 AM #

    Hello. I’ve taken the social studies praxis, content knowledge where there is 130 questions. I have taken this test MANY times now and I cannot pass. My state requires a 157. In May when I took the test I got a raw score of 151 and then once the scores were reported I got a 153 (so it went up 2 points) and according to the praxis website it said that they will account for difficulty that varies between tests and this may change a raw score. I just took it again today and I got a 155!!!!! Soooo frustrating. Do you know how this test scored? I can’t imagine having to take this again being that I am so close!! I know that certain subjects (world history, economics etc) are weighted. Any insight on this issue would be greatly appreciated.

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 7, 2016 at 8:53 PM #

      Your situation really does sounds frustrating… but also hopeful in some ways, because your score did go up on the last retake. It sounds like you can beat this test, probably on the next try.

      Now it sounds like you’re taking Social Studies: Content Knowledge (5081)?

      This exam is all multiple choice. This means your unofficial score will roughly correspond with the number of correct answers you had. So when you took the test in may and got an unofficial score of 151, it means that you got about 51% of the answers right. Assuming each of the 130 questions was only counted as having one correct answer, that would mean you probably got 66 questions right.

      So you’ll want to get at least 74 questions right on your next test— this would mean 57% of your answers were correct. But you should probably aim higher, because it’s possible your score could actually be adjusted downward if you get questions that have a lower than average point-weight/difficulty. Based on how this test is scored, I’d say it’s safest to aim for at least 80/130 correctly answered questions, and maybe even 85+. Does this make sense?

      • Andrew December 30, 2016 at 6:48 PM #


        I just took this same test the Social Studies 5081 test and received a raw score of 180 (there were 130 total questions) does this mean I passed?

        • David Recine
          David Recine January 1, 2017 at 5:22 PM #

          If you got a 180 as a raw score,t hat would be a raw scaled score. Your final official score will be the same as your raw scaled score, or very close to it. As long as 180 is above your state’s requirements for Praxis 5081: Social Studies, then you’ve passed.

  14. Elizabeth Coleman July 7, 2016 at 3:38 PM #

    I am taking the Praxis Middle school math test for Pennsylvania. (I am taking it before the core because I just passed middle school math in Ohio) I am taking practice tests that have 60 questions. How do I know when I am doing ok. What percent will I need to be in range to pass.

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 7, 2016 at 8:34 PM #

      Congratulations on passing the middle school math assessments for Ohio! Now, it sounds like It sounds like you’re taking the Praxis II entitled the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Subject Concentration: Mathematics? If that’s the case, you’ll need to get a 173 on the test, which corresponds roughly to getting 74% of the answers right. Assuming that your practice tests have questions that are very similar to the real thing, if you’re getting more than 45 questions right on each test, you’ll probably reach your target score. (The higher you get over 45, the better, of course.)

      If you haven’t done so already, I would recommend also recommend going through the Praxis questions in the official online study companion for your Pennsylvania Math Praxis. these questions will be the most similar to the questions you’ll actually see on test day, so the study companion provides a good additional way to gauge your performance.

      • Elizabeth Coleman July 11, 2016 at 5:44 PM #

        Thanks you have been so helpful. Do you have practice guides for the core tests (5152). I didn’t have to know science or social studies for middle school certificate in Ohio.

        • David Recine
          David Recine July 12, 2016 at 3:48 PM #

          Happy I could help, Elizabeth. 🙂 Right here on the blog, we don’t have any supplemental practice guides for the Pennsylvania core tests. (Not yet, at least.) But I’d strongly recommend looking at the free official Study Companion PDF for this test, and purchasing some official ETS interactive practice tests.You can find all of these on Praxis’s official prep page for exam 5152.

  15. Shannon July 9, 2016 at 11:57 PM #

    Hi, I have taken the core math three times. On the third time my raw score was a 148. If there a chance that my official score could be a 150.

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 12, 2016 at 2:29 PM #

      There is a chance your score could be adjusted upwards by 2 points, yes. But there isn’t a very big chance. In almost all Praxis exams, the unofficial score and the official score will be the same. But minor adjustments of 2 or 3 points– either adjusted up or adjusted down– also do happen every once in a while.

  16. Stephanie July 10, 2016 at 4:03 PM #

    I am taking the English Language Arts: Content and Analysis. There are 2 constructed response questions in addition to 130 multiple-choice. I need a 168 to pass. Does anyone know how the constructed responses are weighted in comparison to the multiple-choice? I feel very confident about my constructed response questions, but I am wondering if they are weighted more heavily than the multiple-choice where I feel less assured of succeeding.

    Thanks in advance!

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 12, 2016 at 2:22 PM #

      Individual constructed response questions are weighted more heavily than individual multiple choice questions on the Praxis. Exactly how heavily constructed response questions are weighted varies from test to test. You can get some insight into how much weight your constructed response questions will have by looking on page 5 of the official Praxis English Language Arts: Content and Analysis Study Companion. Notice that the two “question content categories” that include a constructed response question are worth twice as much as the category of questions that is all multiple choice.

      If it helps, I can also tell you that I took this test myself— and my good performance in constructed response really did compensate for some problems I had int he multiple choice section… and I ultimately passed. 🙂

  17. Kara July 11, 2016 at 12:15 PM #

    I am taking the Praxis core combined test soon. Can you tell what percentage I would need to get for a passing score?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 12, 2016 at 2:11 PM #

      That really depends on the state you’re in, since every state has different minimum score requirements for the Praxis Core. What I can tel you is that the percentage of correct answers tha tyou need will roughly correspond to your required Praxis score, minus 100. So if your state requires– say— a 165 on Praxis Core math, that means you need to get about 65% of your answers right in order to get your 165.

  18. Amanda Johnson July 12, 2016 at 9:04 AM #

    Just took Praxis 5018 (elementary Ed content knowledge), and was given an unofficial score of 164. Is it likely that the official score will be different?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 12, 2016 at 2:09 PM #

      It’s unlikely that the official score will be different… but not impossible. A small number of Praxis tests have adjustments made to their official score after the unofficial score is issued. These adjustments usually occur either due to test center error, or due to adjustment based on the relative difficulty of the questions on your test.

      • Ellen July 13, 2016 at 4:44 PM #

        180 just seemed high, which is why I’m asking at all. I’ve seen you answer this question several times. I did study extremely hard and enjoyed the test quite a bit.

  19. Meyosha July 13, 2016 at 10:10 AM #

    So what if I was one point away from passing my test. My required score is 165 but I made a 164. Do you think that the scale score would change my score? I really don’t know what to do at this point. I just took the test yesterday and the ‘ official ‘ score comes out on July 30th.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 14, 2016 at 1:46 PM #

      Hi Meyosha,

      That’s frustrating! It is possible that your score could move, and you should hold out hope, but you should also make arrangements to retake again just in case. That way, you aren’t taken by surprise if it turns out to stay at that 164.

      Good luck! 🙂

  20. Ellen July 13, 2016 at 4:38 PM #

    Hi David,
    Thank you for taking the time to answer all these questions.
    I just took the Praxis for Art Content and it said “Your Score” 180. I’m really hoping that is the actual score I’m going to get on my final report. How often would you say there is an error in computing on unofficial scores?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 19, 2016 at 9:12 PM #

      Hi Ellen,

      Happy to help. 🙂 Errors are pretty rare. There’s a pretty good chance that your score will indeed be 180, and if it is adjusted, it will probably only be adjusted by a point or two. That’s a great score by the way— way to go!

  21. Josh July 14, 2016 at 2:10 PM #

    I am taking the 5086 praxis tomorrow. It has 3 constructed answer questions. The highest score you get on a question is 3. So 3 perfect scores gives you a 9, but it is out of 18 on the scoring sheet. So 3 perfect scores only gives you 9/18?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 19, 2016 at 9:19 PM #

      Most Praxis constructed response questions have two independent scorers, and your score on the response is based on combined input from both of those scorers. What’s likely happening here is that exam 5086 adds the two scores rather than averaging them. So if one scorer feels you deserve a 3 and the other feels you deserve a 2 on the same response, your score for that response would be 5. A prefect score from both scorers– 3 points from each scorer– would be a total of 6 points (3 + 3). On that basis, 3 perfect scores would be 6 X 3, or 18/18.

  22. L Johnson July 14, 2016 at 2:56 PM #

    Hi there,
    I took the praxis 5622 today. During the exam, I answered all of the multiple choice questions but flagged about 6 that I wanted to go back and review at the end if there was time. However, after finishing my last essay the time was blinking and I had no time to go back and look at those flagged answers. I am hoping because I answered them they will still go through? I did flag them, will this make a difference?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 19, 2016 at 9:20 PM #

      Flagging shouldn’t make a difference for scores. No worries! 🙂

  23. Debbie July 16, 2016 at 11:25 AM #

    So I just took the Early Childhood Education Praxis 5025 which is the new test. When I finished it said score 159 unofficial and in my state I need 156 so does this mean I can assume I passed. I have really bad test anxiety so I am hoping this means I passed

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 19, 2016 at 9:23 PM #

      You have a near 100% chance of passing. In very rare cases, your unofficial score might be adjusted after test day, but even when that does happen, it’s extremely uncommon for a score to be adjusted downward– or upward– by more than 6 points. Test anxiety is common and understandable, but you’re probably fine! 🙂

    • Tekka December 10, 2016 at 5:25 PM #

      Hi Debbie. My name is Tekka and I too took the praxis 5025 and scored the same 159. I took the test today and I’m wondering if 159 is a passing score. Did you pass?

  24. Mills Sonja July 28, 2016 at 1:57 PM #

    I just took the Praxis Core and on the screen for scores it reported my reading score was 200 and math was 156. Are those the scores that I refer to in determining meeting criteria for my state?

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 1, 2016 at 4:30 PM #

      The scores you see on the screen are your unofficial scores. In almost all cases, these 100-200 scale scores you see on test day are the ones that determine if you meet state criteria. In very rare cases, your final official score report that you show to the state will adjust the scores you saw onscreen. But any adjustments will be small, 1-3 points usually. Congratulations on your perfect Core Reading score by the way!

    • Veronica August 3, 2016 at 7:35 AM #

      Congratulations Mills Sonja!! Do you mind sharing what study material/resources you used for Praxis Core?

  25. Sydde July 31, 2016 at 5:45 PM #

    I just got 126 on my Praxis Math. I needed 150 to pass. How many questions do you think I got correct out of the 56 questions?

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 1, 2016 at 4:32 PM #

      Your official Praxis score roughly corresponds with the percentage of questions you answered correctly. So a 126 means you got about 26% of the questions right. That would mean 14 or 15 correct out of 56.

      • Sandra November 20, 2016 at 5:50 AM #

        It’s interesting to see that because I got a 122 on the math praxis core and my raw score was 17. So I think there might be a difference with the scoring….

        I need a 150 to pass for my state do you know how many raw points I need to pass?

        • David Recine
          David Recine November 22, 2016 at 8:35 PM #

          Hi Sandra– yes, the formulas for estimating your official score usually work. But sometimes there are strange, unpredictable gaps between your raw score and your official score. From what I’ve heard, the initial score reports given out int he test center can have errors.

          To get a 150, you need to earn 50% of your raw points. So if you get half of the questions right, you should– in theory at least– get a 150 on the Praxis. It’s safer to be at least a little bit over the 50% mark, of course.

  26. Nancy August 1, 2016 at 7:50 PM #

    I was so stressed when I finished the exam I don’t remember what it said my unofficial score was
    How can I find this out without having to wait for the official score? It says the score won’t be posted until the end of the testing session

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 2, 2016 at 9:57 AM #

      Unfortunately, your unofficial scores are only viewable in the test center, at the moment your test ends. You definitely have my sympathies here, as I too got nervous and forgot my unofficial scores after taking one of my Praxis IIs.Fortunately, you should get your official scores soon. For more information, see my post on timelines for getting Praxis Exam results.

      • Adenuga August 2, 2016 at 8:52 PM #

        Hi David,

        Thanks so much for the information. I took ESOL today and got a raw score of 75/120. The official score came out as 135. I’m worried because power went out during the exam. The last time I took the same exam, I got a raw score of 73, unofficial & official score of 139. I need 141 to pass this exam. Oh God!

        • David Recine
          David Recine August 6, 2016 at 11:51 AM #

          Sorry to hear about your 135. The whole situation does sound disappointing and frustrating. And it does seem strange that your score would come out lower. Given that there was a power failure, test center error seems like it might be a possibility. However, if you got issued an official score, that means that ETS didn’t notice any issues at the test center. It might not hurt to contact ETS customer service or the staff at the test center and talk to them about the possibility of an error in computer scoring.

  27. DMD August 2, 2016 at 6:39 PM #

    Hello, Just finished Physics content Praxis 2 in state of New Jersey. Unfortunately, ran out of time and received raw score of 119. Need at least a 141 to pass. Screen also read further analysis need next to the asterisk of raw score 119.

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 6, 2016 at 11:56 AM #

      When you get a note that further analysis is needed, that means you’re taking a Praxis Test that is “norm-referenced.” On a norm-referenced test, if you get nay questions that are harder-than-average, you’ll be assigned extra points if you answer those questions correctly. Unfortunately, norm-referencing can only adjust your score upward by a few points. So you’ll need to retake your Praxis. So sorry to hear this happened to you!

  28. Kirstyn August 3, 2016 at 11:03 AM #

    I just took the PA Grade 4-8 Core Assessment ELA and Social Studies Praxis subtest. At the end of the test, the score shown was a 150 with an asterisk at the end of the score. I needed a 152 to pass. Is a 150 most likely my final score, which would mean I missed the passing score by 2 points?

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 6, 2016 at 11:43 AM #

      There is definitely a chance that 150 will be your final score… but sometimes the score you see int he test center can be adjusted for the relative difficulty of the questions you answered. Adjustments are on Praxis Subject assessments are rare, but they do happen. When scores are adjusted, they’re usually adjusted upward rather than down. A small adjustment– if you get one– just might bump you to 152. So there’s at least some hope that you’ve passed. You can’t know for sure until you get your official scores though. Good luck! And let us know how it goes.

  29. Meghan August 7, 2016 at 8:58 AM #

    I took the core combined recently math, reading, and writing. I just got my official score back for math and reading but did not get anything for writing. Will that come in later? I just assumed they would release all the official scores together.

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 13, 2016 at 6:31 PM #

      The full Praxis Core Writing score always comes in later, because the essays are scored by human scorers and not computer. Int he test center, you will usually see a raw score for your Core Writing multiple choice questions… but not always, as you’ve just found out.

  30. Natha n August 10, 2016 at 6:17 PM #

    So to pass Praxis 1 math at 150 all that is needed is 28 out of 56 questions answered correctly? Because all questions have 1 answer and are weighted identical.

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 13, 2016 at 6:27 PM #

      In theory, yes, that’s all that’s needed, unless the Praxis makes other unexpected adjustments. (Rare, but sometimes happens– the Praxis is less transparent about their scoring methods compared to other ESL tests.)

      Generally though, on the Praxis Core, a score of 150 means 50% of the answers were right. A 180 requirement is the same as the requirement for an 80% correct score, etc….

  31. Paul August 11, 2016 at 11:22 AM #

    Hi David and everyone else,

    I took the English Language Arts (5038) today. I needed a score of at least 167 and got an unofficial 169. What are the odds that my official score won’t go below 167? Thanks.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 13, 2016 at 6:25 PM #

      Hi Paul and everyone else. 🙂

      Paul, I’m happy to tell you that the odds you’ve passed are very high. The ELA Praxis usually receives no adjustments after test day. And when adjustments happen, your score will nearly always be adjusted up, not down.

  32. Megan Horsley August 11, 2016 at 11:07 PM #

    Wow. Thank you for all of you valuable input. I took the Praxis 5624 7-12 today and I’m obsessing. I received no information about scores after testing & I have thought of 5 answers that I’m sure I missed. So frustrating. Although the 4 constructed answers need to be scored it would be nice to know a percentage of the 70 multiple choice that needed to be correct.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 13, 2016 at 6:21 PM #

      The 7-12 PLT. Yes, sometimes you don’t get any unofficial scores in the test center for that one. The Praxis isn’t consistent about this and you’re right– it IS frustrating! If you can, come back here and let us know what score you got, once your report comes in.

  33. Debbie August 12, 2016 at 9:13 AM #

    Hi David,
    I have taken the praxis core math several times but timing seems to be an issue for me. I usually run out of time and start guessing answers towards the end. If I were to go slower and not finish the test of 56 questions, how is the score figured? Would it be the number correct out of the number of questions completed?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 13, 2016 at 6:19 PM #

      Sorry to hear you’ve had to do multiple retakes on Praxis Core Math. How frustrating! A question you get wrong and a question you simply don’t complete have the exact same “points cost.” If going just a little slower allows you to get almost all of your questions right but miss the last several questions entirely, this might improve your score. But it’s best to really work on your pacing. This blog offers some tips and tricks for going through Praxis math problems faster, while still answering correctly. Here is the reading I would recommend:

      Pacing and Timing Yourself on Praxis Core Math
      How to Improve Your Praxis Core Math Score
      Praxis Math Forumulas Cheat Sheet

      The third link above is an article by Mike McGarry. In general, I would recommend reading anything by Mike about math on any of our blogs. (He writes math content for the Magoosh GRE, GMAT, and SAT/ACT blogs too.) Mike has also done quite a few video lessons that can help you improve your math pacing and performance. You can view these if you subscribe to Magoosh’s Praxis Core Prep services.

  34. Susan August 12, 2016 at 7:39 PM #


    I have one question I just took the Praxis 5372 and my unofficial score was 156 and I needed 154. Is there any chance I should worry?

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 13, 2016 at 3:51 PM #

      Until you get your official score, you can always find some reason to worry…. but I wouldn’t worry very much in this case. 😉 The Special Education BD/ED sometimes does have slight adjustments between the unofficial score and official score. But when adjustments are made, the change is usually only -13 points. And adjustments nearly always shift your score upwards, not downwards.

      So you’re probably OK here. If you get time, come back here and let us know what your official score ultimately was.

  35. Jay August 13, 2016 at 5:18 AM #

    I recently took the praxis 1 core writing. I’m in NJ where the passing score is 162. The first time I took it my raw scores were 21 out of 34 and 14 out of 24(essays). I figured I’d retake the test and I got the exact same raw scores but my overall summary score was a 158. How is this possible? I’m questioning the validity of this test.

    • Jay August 13, 2016 at 5:20 AM #

      Sorry forgot to mention my first score was a 160.

      • David Recine
        David Recine August 13, 2016 at 3:47 PM #

        Hi Jay,

        It is possible to have the same raw scores but different official scores for Writing, because the Praxis can make a number of different possible score adjustments for essays. Your situation does sound unusual though— and frustrating! It may be worth your while to contact the Praxis and request a score review for your essays.

  36. John August 15, 2016 at 7:01 AM #

    Thank you so much for this information! It has been very helpful! I just took my General Science Praxis II exam and received an unofficial score of 155. The passing score is 152. I’m nervous to see this number go down below 152! Is this a common thing? I’ve already taken this exam 4 times and last time I missed the passing mark by 3 points!

    Thank you!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 16, 2016 at 4:12 AM #

      Hi John,

      The only evidence we have is very anecdotal, but as hard as it is, you will need to wait and see the final scores. The unofficial score could be off by more than 3 points, but I would feel fairly confident in your unofficial 155 to get you where you need to go. Patience will see you through, and I hope you get the passing score you need! 🙂

      • David Recine
        David Recine August 16, 2016 at 9:39 AM #

        I’d add to our test prep expert’s reassuring words by saying that scores are usually adjusted up and not down (again based on our anecdotal evidence here at Magoosh). Worry if you must, John… But don’t worry too much. 😉

  37. Jennifer August 16, 2016 at 12:22 PM #

    Hello. I just took Educational Leadership Test 5411 and my unofficial score popped up as 154. In Pennsylvania you need a 143 to pass. Will 154 most likely be my official score?? Help.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 19, 2016 at 1:08 PM #

      Hi Jennifer,

      While we can’t guarantee your official score will be 154, I would be very surprised if it dropped below that 143 you need, so you should feel quite confidence that you’ve passed! 🙂

  38. Alise Cremonini August 20, 2016 at 12:03 PM #

    Hey David,

    I’ve scoured the Internet in search of an answer to the following question–I’m hoping that perhaps you have some insight! So I just took the Praxis Core Math 5732 and received a ‘144’ on-screen after submitting my answers. No other information was given. The last time I took the test, I received a ‘130’ on-screen and in my official score report, learned that only 50 (of the 56) questions had counted. Officially, I earned 24 points out of the total 50 questions counted. I recently learned that on some versions of the test, ETS poses 6 ‘pretest’ questions that supposedly ‘do not count’ toward a given score. What I’m wondering is; if the test version I just took also included 6 pretest questions, were these 6 questions still counted in the test center’s calculation of my ‘144’ unofficial score? It doesn’t seem fair that a pretest question that was answered correctly would simply not count, especially if it would help the test taker’s official score. If I got two pretest probability questions correct for example, will those questions simply not count in the overall calculation? I guess my main question is–if my test version did include the 6 pretest questions–would my score of 144 have been calculated off of total correct/56, or total correct/50?

    Thank you in advance for your help!

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 22, 2016 at 12:37 PM #

      Apologies Ali,

      For some reason I wasn’t able to spot this first comment, and I accidentally answered your second comment before getting to this one. You raise a good point. Actually, your pretest questions DON’T count toward the raw score you see in the test center. So your raw score should line up closely with your official score in most cases. Both the raw and official take the pretest questions out of the equation. See my reply to your second comment for thoughts on other reasons for the discrepancy in raw and scaled scores that you’re seeing.

  39. Alise Cremonini August 20, 2016 at 12:24 PM #

    Hi David,

    One more question I just thought about–upon looking at the score report from my first go at the Praxis Core Math, I received 24/50 raw points, yet only a 130 scaled score. If 24/50 = .48, how is it that the scaled score is so incredibly low in comparison? If (as someone said in an earlier comment) theoretically a 28/50 raw points translates roughly to a score of 150, is there any possible way my first test was scored incorrectly? I can’t wait to receive the official scores of my second test (144 score) and to compare my two sets of scores, because none of this is making sense to me!

    Thank you again in advance for your help,

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 22, 2016 at 12:14 PM #


      I agree, this does sound strange. One thing I can tell you is that certain questions on the Praxis can be counted as having more than one answer. Most obviously, this can happen when you actually select more than one correct answer. But on Core Math, it can also happen with questions that test multiple math principles or require you to complete particularly complex multistep operations. If you missed a lot of these questions, your scaled score could be a lot lower than your raw score would suggest.

      Still, this is— as I said– strange. Very frustratingly, Praxis doesn’t have an official process for appealing scores or requesting rescores on exams that are 100% multiple choice/selected response. But you may want to contact Praxis Customer service and ask them if they can tell you why your raw score and your official score were so off. If you can, come back to the comments field and let us know what your official scores on Core Math ultimately are!

  40. Kate Shamburg August 22, 2016 at 6:44 AM #

    Hello- I just took the Elementary Education Multiple Subjects Test (5001). If I did not pass one of the subjects, do I need to take the whole core battery test again, or may I take the subject subtest only? Thank you. I cannot find this information on the Praxis website.

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 22, 2016 at 11:52 AM #

      You can retake the subtests individually. Just remember that the 21 day rule for retakes will still apply. If you want to retake just one part of Praxis 5001, you’ll need to do the retake at least 3 weeks after you initially took the whole Elementary Education Multiple Subjects test.

  41. Jason August 22, 2016 at 6:52 AM #

    I took English Content Knowledge (5038) on August 1st. I can’t remember what the actual testing window was for that particular test. I am waiting for my scores to be reported and need to know the approximate date.

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 22, 2016 at 11:44 AM #

      If you can’t recall your testing window, Praxis customer service can look it up for you— they’re really customer friendly when it comes to the timelines for receiving scores.

  42. Betty September 4, 2016 at 9:31 AM #

    I recently took the praxis ll Ed of Young Children 2 times; 157/160 and 151/160. I studied more on the categories I scored low in–so the second time around I went up in the low scoring category but dropped in the high scoring category. Can I use composite scoring by comprising my highest scores from each category?

    • David Recine
      David Recine September 5, 2016 at 9:00 AM #

      You probably can’t do composite scoring in this way, as most states strictly look at the scoring on a single exam. However, every state has different rules. It couldn’t hurt to check with your state’s licensing board– or with an academic adviser– to see if composite scores could be accepted.

  43. Em September 5, 2016 at 1:43 PM #

    Hi David! I am taking the 5018 Elementary Core Knowlege test tomorrow and purchased the Praxis Practice exam. Do you know if there’s any way to convert the scores that I got on that to have some idea of where I stand? There were 140 questions and I answered 102 correctly.

    • David Recine
      David Recine September 13, 2016 at 2:13 PM #

      Sorry I didn’t get to this before you took the exam. But it’s still a good question, and hopefully my slightly late answer can still be of use to you. Yes, there is a way to convert your practice test scores. Take the percentage of questions you got right and add 100. 102/140 = 73%. That’s like getting roughly a 173 on the real exam.

  44. Kim September 7, 2016 at 4:18 AM #

    Hi David, I have taken the Praxis ii 5018 several times now. I need to pull up my social studies and science grade in order to pass. I’m currently using mimetic flash cards to study. Is there other material you would recommend to bring my scores up? I need 16 more points to pass. I take it the first of October.

  45. Esther September 7, 2016 at 7:16 PM #

    I just took the PRAXIS 2 today for Professional School Counseling and scored a 170, I need a 156 in Hawaii to pass. I’m not sure how the whole raw score thing works and am still confused even after reading your article, although it was very informational.

    Did I pass?? This is my first time taking it and it was so expensive… I hope I don’t have to take it again.


    • David Recine
      David Recine September 13, 2016 at 2:00 PM #

      Yes, you passed! 🙂 To make a long story short, if you take a test with no essay questions, the score you see in the testing center will be the same as your final official score, possibly with an adjustment of 1 or 2 points. You’re in the clear. Congratulations!

  46. Kendra September 12, 2016 at 4:34 PM #

    I was given a 154 on screen when I finished the 5018 praxis II. Is there a chance my official score could be a 163?

    • David Recine
      David Recine September 13, 2016 at 1:54 PM #

      Because the Elementary Education: Content Knowledge Praxis II is 100% selected-response and numeric entry, your score will remain roughly the same at it was in the test center. They may be an adjustment of a point or two for the relative difficulty of some questions, but an increase of 9 points will be pretty much impossible.

      Sorry to give you this bad news! 🙁

  47. Jamie September 15, 2016 at 9:29 AM #

    If I got 82/152 questions and I need a cut score of 152 would I pass?

    • David Recine
      David Recine September 16, 2016 at 3:00 PM #

      Assuming that your exam has only 152 selected response questions and no essays, an 82/152, this would put you at about 53% correct answers. 53% corresponds to a 153 on the Praxis. So you should be just over the line. Congratulations! 🙂

  48. Edith September 16, 2016 at 3:16 PM #

    I just took the middle school math, test 5169, today. Raw score of 177 was on the screen. I tend to panic during tests and felt very uneasy about this. Virginia website says 165 is passing. Have any thoughts about this so I can maybe sleep a bit better this weekend? I appreciate it. Off to study for the next exam now.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert September 16, 2016 at 3:35 PM #

      Your raw score and your official score will either be exactly the same or very close— plus or minus three points. So with a 177, you’ve comfortably passed Praxis II Middle School Mathematics for the state of Virginia. Congratulations, and rest well this weekend, Edith. 🙂

  49. Megan September 23, 2016 at 7:56 AM #

    So I’ve now taken the PRAXIS Core Math 3 times and I now have a tutor to help me out. One of the professors at my university said that with the PRAXIS if you don’t know an answer it is better to leave it blank than to answer it incorrectly. Is this true?

    • David Recine
      David Recine September 23, 2016 at 11:27 AM #

      It’s never better to leave a Praxis question unanswered. Your professor likely said that because he or she mistakenly assumes the Praxis has a guessing penalty. This is a common misconception– quite a few standardized tests find ways to penalize test-takers for random wrong answers that seem to be guesses. The Praxis doesn’t do that, though. To quote ETS’s recent official Praxis webinar: “remember not to leave any questions unanswered — you will not be penalized for wrong answers, so you should guess even if you are unsure of the correct answer.”

  50. Sissie October 2, 2016 at 6:21 PM #

    I have taken the Praxis Core Writing numerous times. I can’t seem to get above a 158. I have noticed on the essay section I only have a score of 12 and that’s on ALL the test I have taken. What score do I need on the essay part and how do I better prepare myself?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 5, 2016 at 9:28 AM #

      Hi Sissie,

      It’s hard to say exactly what score you need on the essay, since the Praxis doesn’t say exactly what percentage of your score is based on your performance on the essay– it only says that questions on text types, text purposes and text production, combined WITH your two essays, comprises 60% of your final score.

      As for how to prepare, what I’d recommend the most is to use the free Praxis Core Writing Study Companion PDF. This online document has extensive essay writing tutorials, including sample responses and scorer commentary. You can find the essay writing support on pages 27-40 of the PDF. Be sure to also check out the Writing Archives right here on the Magoosh Praxis Blog– we’ve created a variety of tutorials and advice pieces for improving your Core Writing Essay scores.

  51. Way October 3, 2016 at 10:05 AM #

    I just took the Praxis II middle school science test and received an unofficial score of 149. My state requires a 150. Is there a chance this score will be adjusted for difficulty and bump my official score up above the 150 minimum? So nervous to see my unofficial score just one point below the threshold!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert October 4, 2016 at 4:50 AM #

      Hi Way,

      It definitely is possible, but we cannot know for sure until the official report is out. Hang tight, keep up your hope, and good luck! 🙂

  52. Kaity October 3, 2016 at 10:51 PM #

    I took the Praxis II 5001 tests today
    LA – 46
    SS – 34
    Sci- 36

    Insight? I have been reading so much about the raw scores and it is driving me nuts because the score was available to me for the Core. Driving myself a little crazy. I most certainly have to take math over so I will concentrate on that for now.

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 5, 2016 at 9:05 AM #

      ETS isn’t very consistent about letting you see your raw score in the testing center, especially for Praxis II. This definitely cna be frustrating. But I’m happy to give you some insight into your raw score right here and now.

      To get your raw score, look at the percentage of questions you answered correctly, and add 100. On 5001, Language Arts has 90 questions, and Social Sciences and Science have 50 questions each. So….

      LA: 46/90 = .51 = 51% = 151
      SS: 34/50 = .68 = 68% = 168
      Sci: 36/50 = .72 = 72% = 172

      Those final 3 digit numbers in my equations would be the scaled scores for individual sections of 5001. Without seeing your Math score for 5001, I can’t be sure about your averaged scaled score for the whole exam. But hopefully this helps.

  53. Courtney October 4, 2016 at 8:48 AM #

    I just took Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge. At the end of the test it showed me the correct number of answers for each area of the test. My total correct answers (it was all multiple choice with only 1 possible answer per question) was 76. The test had 120 questions, which is 63%. In the real world of test taking, that makes me want to vomit, but would that be an unofficial score of 163? I need a 148 to pass….

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 5, 2016 at 8:57 AM #

      Hi Courtney– yes, that is a 63%, and yes, that translates into a 163 on the nose. That means you almost certainly passed. ETS seldom adjusts your raw score form the testing center, and when they do, they adjust upwards.

      You’re also right that a 63% would be pretty terrible in a standard test in a college course. before you beat yourself up about getting this “low” score on the Praxis, bear in mind that the Praxis is designed very differently than a course exam— the purpose of the test you took is to see that you have a reasonable grasp on a wide variety of subject areas. On any given Praxis II, there will be plenty of questions that virtually no one could get right, and other questions that nobody should be missing. As long as you hit the mark more often than not, you have a decent handle on the content. a 63% on the Fundamental Subjects test is probably equivalent to a B on a “real” test. Not bad!

  54. Ashley October 4, 2016 at 2:30 PM #

    I just took the Praxis 5511 Fundamental Subjects Content Knowledge for Sped. I did not get my unofficial score at the end, but I did get a raw score of 75 out of 120 questions. I need 148 to pass in North Carolina. I am worried that I didn’t pass. Do you think it is possible that I passed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 5, 2016 at 8:49 AM #

      I can be pretty much certain that you passed, Ashley. 🙂 And here’s how I can tell. To get your approximate scaled score, you take the percentage of questions you got right and add 100. 75/120 is 62.5%. Rounding up to the nearest percent, we get 63%. 100+62 = 163. This means your scaled score will be 163, give or take a point or two if ETS chooses to make a difficulty based adjustment to your score. (Adjustments don’t always happen, but when they do, they’re very minor.) Way to go! You’ve passed your NC Praxis II!

  55. Lindsay October 5, 2016 at 6:30 AM #

    Hi! I just took my science praxis 2 exam (5005)… i scored raw points of 13, 11, 12 totaling to 36. I am guessing this is my raw score? There were a total of 50 questions in all! I need a score of 159 to pass. Do you think I passed? I have taken this test about 4 or 5 times and i thought I did very well today but now i’m not sure :/ Looking forward to your response! Thanks!

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 5, 2016 at 8:45 AM #

      Yes, that sounds like your 5005 raw score. It also sounds like you did indeed do pretty well. 36/50 is 72%. And 72% corresponds roughly to a scaled score of 172. (To get approximate scaled score, take the percentage of questions you got right, and add 100.) Looks like you passed! Congratulations!

  56. Katie Smith October 5, 2016 at 4:15 PM #

    Hello! Is it possible to pass with 157 when raw scote is 51 on praxis 2 5001?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 10:27 AM #

      That would be a bit short of what you need for a 157, as a 157 requires that you get 57% of the questions right in total. Sorry for the disappointing news, but based on what you’ve told me, you’ll need to retake the 5001 Praxis subject Area Test (Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects)

  57. Meg October 6, 2016 at 11:21 AM #

    Hi I have a question. This morning I retook my Praxis 2 exams in Reading/LA, Social Studies, and Science. Previously, when I took this the first time last month the scores I received (including the raw) are show below.

    Reading/LA 20 , 20 156
    Social Studies 11, 9, 5 137
    Science 8, 8, 10 146

    However today I only received my raw scores (shown below) and won’t have my actual score until the 31st…It’s driving me crazy because I need to have my scores by November in order to student teach this upcoming semester. 🙁 STRESS X 100

    Reading/LA 23, 23
    Social Studies 16, 9, 7
    Science 9, 7, 13

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 10:25 AM #

      Hi Meg,

      Yes, I can definitely see how this would be stressful. The good news is that it takes 10-16 days after a Praxis test to receive your official scores. This means that your official scores may be viewable online through your ETS account, as of this week. If you can’t access your official scores yet, you’ll definitely be able to see them by early next week.

      Based on what you’ve told me, Meg, your most recent scores are somewhere between 157 and 160 for Reading/LA, between 158 and 161 for Social Studies, and between 158 and 161 again for science. So you’ve improved across the board. I hope this helps.

  58. uzma October 6, 2016 at 2:51 PM #

    I just took 5440 (middle school science) score was 110 out of 125 questions all were multiple type question.What does that mean .Did I passed or not .

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 7, 2016 at 3:55 PM #

      110 out of 126 means you got 88% correct. This translates into a scaled score of 188. If your state requires 188 or less on the Praxis 5440, it looks like you passed.

  59. Laura October 8, 2016 at 3:54 PM #

    Hi! I just took the new ESOL 5362 test today and it said my score was 194. It didn’t say raw score or anything. It was out of 120 questions. So is the my total score? I’m a little uncertain because that seems really high to me!

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 8, 2016 at 4:17 PM #

      That is a little strange. There are some irregularities in the way that scores display in the test center though. It strikes me though, that this would have to be your scaled raw score. The scaled scores have a range of 100 to 200 that corresponds roughly to the percent of questions you get right. So a 194 likely means you got 94% of the questions right on the ESOL Praxis II. (Impressive!) It also means that your official score will also probably be a 194, give or take a point or two. Congrats.

  60. Daniel Roueche October 8, 2016 at 5:16 PM #

    Hi David,

    I took a practice test for SPED Core Knowledge and Applications (5354). I scored a 102 out of 120 questions. What does this mean for my standardized unofficial score?


    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 10:04 AM #

      To get the equivalent official score for a practice Praxis, add 100 to the percentage of questions you got right. 102/120 = 0.85 = 85%. 85 + 100 is 185. So if you perform similarly on test day, you’ll get about a 185 on the Praxis II for SPED.

      • DeShawnda November 9, 2016 at 5:50 PM #

        I took the SPED (5354) today and it only gave me the scores:
        Development and Characteristics 11
        Planning and Learning 13
        Instruction 14
        Assessment 11
        Foundations 12
        Did I pass for Mississippi?

        • David Recine
          David Recine November 10, 2016 at 12:17 PM #

          Let’s look at the figures. There are 120 questions on the Praxis 5354 (Special Education: Core Knowledge and Applications). These questions are divided into five categories. Between the five categories, you got a total of 61 correct (11+13+14+11+12 = 61). 61 out of 120 is a score of 51% (61/120 = 0.51 = 51%). 51 + 100 is 151, so that’s your estimated Praxis II score for 5354.

          You need a 152 for Praxis 5354 in Mississippi. So it appears you’re one point short. Here’s the good news, though: sometimes your official score will be adjusted by a point or two, compared to your unofficial or raw score. And when these adjustments happen, the number of points usually increases rather than decreasing. So there’s still a chance you passed, if your score is adjusted upward by even one point.

          If you get a chance, come back to the comments and let us know what your final official score was. We’ll all keep our fingers crossed for you!

          • DeShawnda McClendon November 10, 2016 at 1:23 PM #

            Thank you so much! My fingers are crossed to. I will let you know as soon as my scores post.

          • DeShawnda McClendon November 28, 2016 at 11:02 AM #

            You are right, I missed it by 1 point. I’m so disappointed but I’m gonna try again. I also have to take my math core over too.

          • David Recine
            David Recine November 29, 2016 at 7:44 AM #

            Man, so sorry to hear that, DeShawnda. 🙁 You’re close to the score you need though! Once you’ve passed, let us know. It’s always great to see student success stories here on the blog, and it sounds like you are destined for success, even if it takes another testing session or two.

  61. Rachael A October 12, 2016 at 10:18 AM #

    Hi David, I am a little confused. I got a 39 Raw Score on the 5003 Ele. Literature Praxis II and it showed there were 64 Raw points available; however there were 80 questions. Do i divide the 39/80 or by what is shows the raw points to be 39/64? Those are two completely different outcomes. Can you help?

    Thank you!

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 10:11 AM #

      That’s an interesting question. I’m honestly not quite sure what to make of this. There should never be fewer raw points than there are questions, as each question is worth a minimum of 1 point. So if there are 80 questions and you saw a display of 64 raw points available, it seems to me that number of total raw points displayed on the screen was actually incorrect– maybe due to a computer error(?) I would go with 39/80 for your calculation, but again, I’m not sure how that 64 number factors in, or if it’s a factor at all.

  62. Anna October 13, 2016 at 5:20 PM #

    Hi David. I really need to know if I passed the praxis or not. I just finished the science subtest for praxis II and for the first time I got raw points for each of the sections. The test consisted of 50 questions and my raw points for all three sections equal 42 points. Since I live in Connecticut, I need a 170 to pass this test. What do my raw points equal? Did I pass? Please help because ETS won’t let me know my actual score until 3 weeks from now. I’m very anxious.

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 9:59 AM #

      Hi Anna! I’ll be happy to walk you through these calculations and clear up your anxiety. 🙂 To get a 170, you need to get 70% of your questions right. (Your percentage of correct answers plus 100 equals your raw score.) 42/50 = 0.84, or 84%. This is a raw score of 184. Official scores are seldom adjusted from the raw score. In the rare cases where an official score is adjusted, it will only be adjusted by 1-3 points, and will usually be adjusted upward, not down. So you’ve cleared the 170 requirement handily. Way to go, Anna!

      • Anna October 20, 2016 at 8:18 AM #

        Best news I got all week. Thank you so much David!!! 🙂

  63. Andria October 13, 2016 at 7:07 PM #

    I recently took the Praxis L/A 5002 and answered 45/80 correct. I needed a 157 to pass, any chance I made the cut?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 9:54 AM #

      Unfortunately, it looks like you are just under the cut. 45/80 = 56%, and your raw score is your percentage correct, plus 100. This amounts to 156. In rare cases, your score can be adjusted upward by a point or two, so there’s at least a small chance you’ll be bumped up to 157 in your official score. But it’s much more likely that you’ll need to retake the Praxis II 5002 (elementary language arts). Sorry for the bad news. 🙁

  64. Taylor Jones October 15, 2016 at 9:00 AM #

    I just took the science praxis 5005. There were 50 questions on the test. There were three sections to the test. I got 14,12, and 12. That would be a raw score of 38. With that as a raw score, and I need a 159 to pass, would that be enough points to pass?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 9:48 AM #

      That should be a passing score, yes. 🙂 28 is 76% of 60. Your percentage plus 100 (76+100=176) is your raw score; 176 also your likely official score, since official scores are seldom changed from the initial raw score.

  65. Ricky October 16, 2016 at 10:18 PM #

    Hello! I took the Praxis multiple subjects (5001) on Thursday. I felt good about the test and have all of my raw scores for each of the 4 content areas, but am not sure how to arrive at whether I have passed/failed each of the subjects that are scored individually. A 157 is required in the state of Colorado, and my lowest percentage in any of the 4 areas was a 64%. Should I add 100 to my 64% to arrive at a passing 164? or do I multiply my .64 by 200 to arrive at a 127, which would be failing? I’d appreciate any and all help in figuring this out!

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 9:45 AM #

      Good news: your first, more optimistic formula was the correct one. You add your percentage correct to 100 to get your likely score. If your lowest score was a 64, then you’ll get more than 164 on the exam as a whole, and you should be in the clear.

  66. HKS October 17, 2016 at 9:18 AM #


    I just finished taking my Praxis Core Math (5732) this morning. This was my third time. I did awful the first two times. My unofficial score was 136. Based on the fact that my unofficial scores for the other two tries didn’t differ from my official scores, I doubt I passed this time around. My passing score needs to be 150. I was 14 points shy. I don’t know if I will ever pass this test. Is there any chance I could be wrong and the score is different? I doubt it. Figured I’d ask though.

    I don’t know why I need to take it considering my concentration is in literature not in mathematics.

    I know that it’s best if you finish the exam. This was the first time I got to finish all questions. It’s best not skip questions either. I think I skipped a couple though.

    This is just so frustrating. I have to take it again because I need to pass. I can only work even harder to ensure I pass the fourth time around. Especially since it costs $90.

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 9:44 AM #

      I’m sorry to hear you’re facing these challenges with Praxis Core Math. As someone who also had to take Core Math to get an English Language Arts certificate, I can certainly sympathize.”

      The bad news is that it’s very likely you score will remain the same as your unofficial 136 score this time around too!

      The good news is that this exam is beatable, even for non-math-people like us. It sounds like your’e working hard and are on the right track. If you need any specific math skills advice, don’t hesitate to ask us right here on the blog. (And check out our blog’s Praxis Core Math archive if you haven’t done so already.)

  67. Emma October 17, 2016 at 10:11 AM #

    I’m going to take praxis core math for the FIFTH time tomorrow. The last time I took the test I went from a 118 to 136. I’m hoping and wishing and praying I can make it to 150 that is all I ask. If I don’t pass my graduation date gets pushed up a year because in my university you have to complete core before you move on with the education program. Thanks for all the tips on your website and the comments section has been helpful.

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 18, 2016 at 9:37 AM #

      Thank you for your kind words as well, Emma. We’ll all be pulling for you. Let us know how it goes!

  68. Jan October 22, 2016 at 3:58 PM #

    I am taking the school counseling praxis in Dec and I need 151 for the state of Alabama. The test has 120 questions. What do I need a raw score of to pass? Would it be 61?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 25, 2016 at 3:18 PM #

      61 will likely be passing, yes. But you can’t be 100% sure you passed with a 61. Sometimes individual questions are worth more than 1 point, and sometimes they’re worth just one. So a 61 could be slightly below that 51%/151 mark if you missed a lot of “weightier” questions. The higher you get above 61, the more sure you can be that you passed.

  69. Steph October 24, 2016 at 10:18 AM #


    I recently took the Praxis 5001 series. I was given raw scores but I received a “NS” for my scaled score. Is there any chance you have some type of conversion from raw scores to scaled scores for these tests. I feel as though I am teetering between passing and failing. Also, does a scaled score mean a curved score in a round about way?

    Thank you!

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 25, 2016 at 3:16 PM #

      There is indeed a system for converting raw scores to scaled scores…. And it’s a simpler system then you think. To convert your raw score to a scaled score, calculate the percentage of questions you answered correctly (# of correct questions divided by total number of questions) and add 100. That’s your scaled score. So if you got– say– 81% of your answers right on Praxis 5001, that means you have a scaled score of 181.

      Scaled score doesn’t mean curved score. It simply refers to you score as it will appear in the Praxis’s 100-200 point scale that is used on official score reports. Curving and adjusting of scores on Praxis 5001 is pretty uncommon, although there is a chance your score could be adjusted by 1 to 3 points. When such adjustments are made, the score usually goes up and not down.

      So calculate the percentage right on your raw score and see what you got. Hopefully it’s good news!

  70. Lindsay Paris October 24, 2016 at 6:28 PM #

    Hi! I posted a few weeks ago! I was wondering when I will receive my praxis scores! I read the approx days but I took my tests Oct 3 and 5 and it’s now the 24th :/ How much longer will it be until I hear back? It’s driving me crazy I check my email every 5 minutes lol

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 25, 2016 at 3:10 PM #

      Yes, you should have access to your Praxis scores by now. Sometimes ETS will post your scores to your Praxis Account, but doesn’t send you email notification. Have you tried logging in to your Praxis account to see if your scores are viewable that way? If not, then I’d say log in and check right away.

      But if you have checked for scores in your Praxis account and they’re not in there either, then you should probably contact Praxis customer support and ask them what’s causing the delay.

  71. Summer October 31, 2016 at 3:57 AM #

    Hi David,
    I just received my official test scores online for the Math and Reading but my score for the Writing portion still isn’t up. Does the Writing official score take longer than the 10-15 days?

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 31, 2016 at 9:59 AM #

      Hi Summer,

      Yes, the Core Writing results take a little longer. This is because they include “constructed response” questions. (This means essay questions.) Essay questions are graded by people rather than machines, so it takes an average of 15-16 days for your overall Core Writing score to come in. I’ve even heard of it taking 17 or 18 days. If you get to the 20 day mark but still have no results though, then you may want to contact Praxis customer service and see if there’s a problem.

  72. May November 1, 2016 at 3:08 PM #

    I took the math praxis today for the third time – very frustrating – and it was definitely harder than in the past. At the end, I did not get my score as I did in earlier tests. It said “no score – needs to be reviewed.” What can that mean, especially since they did post my raw score?. Thanks.

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 8, 2016 at 11:37 AM #

      Hi May,

      I looked into this. It turns out this error message doesn’t mean anything bad. It just means that– for one reason or another– the computer filed to calculate your unofficial score immediately at the end of your testing session. When this happens, your score still gets calculated after you leave the test center. Even though the computer didn’t properly convert your raw score on the spot, you should still be able to make a raw-to-unofficial score conversion on your own. Just calculate the percentage of quesitons you got right and add 100. That’s your estimated unofficial score! 🙂

  73. Amanda Richter November 2, 2016 at 11:37 AM #

    Hi. I took my Social Studies Praxis 5004 test for the 4th time today! I had my best results ever but did not get a pass or fail. My raw scores were 15, 11 and 8. I need to pass by 12/15 to be able to student teach in January 2017. Do you think this converts to a total score of 155 passing grade? Help I’m desperate. I’ve passed all my other Praxis months ago and feel extremely frustrated. Thank you so much!!

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 5, 2016 at 9:38 PM #

      This does sound like a frustrating situation. But I’l be glad to help you get some clarity on your latest score. To understand what the three 15, 11, and 8 figures mean on your Praxis 5004 exam, you need to be aware of the three subcategories of questions on the 5004 test. Social Studies Praxis 5004 has a total of 55 questions. Subcategory 1 (U.S. History, Government and Citizenship) has 25 questions. There are 16 questions in Subcategory 2 (Geography, Anthropology and Sociology). The remaining 14 questions are in Subcategory 3 (World History and Economics). (This info can be found on page 13 of the Praxis Elementary Education Multiple Subjects Study Companion.)

      So your 3 raw scores for the subcategories, added together, are the total number of answers you got right out of the 50 questions on Praxis 5004. 15+11+8 = 34. You got 34 out of 50 right on the Social Studies test. 34/50 = 68% right. To get your actual scaled Praxis score for the Praxis 5004, you then take the percentage of answers you got right and add 100. 68 + 100 = 168. So your 68% score means you earned a 168 on Praxis 5004. Congratulations! You finally passed! 🙂

  74. Mary November 4, 2016 at 3:26 PM #

    I just took the School Psychology Praxis exam and got a 77 raw score on a 140 question exam. I need a 147 official score to pass. I did not receive this score yet. Is it likely I passed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 5, 2016 at 9:29 PM #

      77 out of 140 means that 55% of your answers were correct. You get your scaled score by taking the percentage of correct answers and adding 100. So 77/140 = 55% = 155 scaled score. It’s VERY likely that you passed. 🙂

  75. Lindsay Paris November 5, 2016 at 6:18 AM #

    Hi! I’m sorry for all the questions! This morning I just took my Praxis II Social Studies exam for the 11th time. I am super frustrated as to why I can’t pass this test. My raw scores were 13, 11, and 8 totaling to a raw score of 32 (which is about 58%). On my highest scoring SS exam (taken last april) my raw score was 12, 11, and 9 which also totals to 32. I received a 152 for that exam and I need a 155. Do you think I have ANY chance at passing the exam I just took?!

  76. Ginger Dixon November 5, 2016 at 9:28 AM #

    I took the Praxis Core Math and got this message from ets-Please contact ETS at 1-800-750-6991 to obtain information on your delayed score report.When calling, inform the customer service representative that your Praxis scores are not available to access on your account. I’m nervous. What does this mean?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 5, 2016 at 9:27 PM #

      That definitely is a scary sounding message. This could mean just about anything, though, so don’t try to overthink it. There could be a computer error, or an inability to verify the identification you gave in the test center.

      In rare cases, people also can get this message if they’re suspected of cheating. But even then, don’t let yourself worry too much. Cheating allegations can often be cleared up with a phone call, and in the unlikely event that the Praxis suspects someone of cheating, they don’t actually put that on a score report or announce their suspicions to anyone.

      Worst case scenario, you’ll need to retake the exam. The best case scenario– and the most likely scenario– is that ETS just needs a little extra information from you before they can process and release your scores.

  77. Lindsay Paris November 5, 2016 at 6:50 PM #

    Adding on to my last question… i just found out that my friend scored a 155 (passing score) with a raw score of 29. I don’t understand why i didn’t pass the other one 🙁 I hope this one will be different :/

  78. Tonya November 6, 2016 at 5:08 AM #

    Good Morning,

    So I took the Praxis (5001) on November 1st and received these following scores,

    Language Arts: 18, 25

    Social Studies: 13, 10, 8

    Math: 6, 5, 6

    Science: 5, 6, 5

    What do these scores mean? Did I pass or fail any of the content areas?

    Thank you in advance for your help.

    • Lindsay Paris November 6, 2016 at 5:15 AM #

      Those numbers are your raw scores. If you add them up for each section, that’s how many questions you got correct. Based on my test results, you might have passed LA and SS. You’re going to have to retake math and science. My friend passed with a total of 29 points for social studies. I scored a 32 last april and didn’t pass, but I just took the test again yesterday and I have to wait and see. Do you know what scaled score you have to pass? For example in NJ you need a 157 for LA and Math, 155 for social studies and 159 for science.

      • tonya0503 November 6, 2016 at 10:52 AM #

        Hi there Linda,

        Thank you for responding. I am new to teaching / praxis.. So when you say “scaled score” I’m a bit confused.

        All I know is that for;
        LA and S/S I need 157…
        Science, 159…
        Math, 155…

        When I calculated LA according to the help I received here, my score was 154 and I needed 157.. However, at the end of the test, I also saw NS meaning “No Score”…. So I’m hoping that I did in fact passed LA and S/S… Math and Science are my weaker subjects, so I know I have to retake them.

        This waiting game is driving me nuts. I’ve already started studying for the retest.

        I’m surprised that you didn’t pass with a 32 in S/S.. Because my score was only 31. This praxis is crazy.. So many variations.. Questions can range from anything under the sun..

        So it’s like, not how much you know.. But more of how many questions you can pick quickly before time runs out. If we sat there and tried to figure out each question, we’ll be there all day.. Well at least me… Lolol..

        Good luck this time around. Let me know how you did.

        Thx again,


        • David Recine
          David Recine November 8, 2016 at 11:22 AM #

          To both Lindsay and Tonya, thanks for sharing your experiences here. Very illuminating… and also confusing and frustrating at times. Praxis doesn’t seem to have a universal way of generating that initial score report at the end of the test. Some people get unofficial score reports that are very straightforward, while others get ones that are incomplete and confusing.

          • David Recine
            David Recine November 8, 2016 at 11:39 AM #

            Also, a scaled score is a score measured on the special scale/range used on a test’s official score report. for the Praxis, scaled scores normally range form 100 to 200. You can calculate your Praxis scaled score by taking the percentage of answers you got right and adding 100. A 50% on a Praxis test is a scaled score of 150, a 75% is a scaled score of 175, and so on.

    • Tonya November 6, 2016 at 5:16 AM #

      I just saw your response to my question from last night.. SO no need to respond to this .. thank you, I would erase it, but I don’t know how to.

  79. Zachery M Mitchell November 7, 2016 at 1:08 PM #

    So I just took the Praxis chemistry core content knowledge for the second time. The numbers that I received do not add up or make much sense. The test was out of 125 both times. The first time I took it when I got my official scores back it said the number of questions was only 100 when broken down by specific areas and the number of correct responses in those areas in total added up to 49. So assuming I got 49 correct like the report said wouldn’t that score be somewhere around 149-150? Even if I divide 125 by 49 i get like 39% (which is terrible I know) but, wouldn’t that still at least be a 139? My final score was a 129 the first time which blew my mind. I just got done taking it again and it said my raw score was a 133. To pass in my state its a 135. It just seems weird to me that the numbers aren’t adding up. I also took the bio content knowledge and passed with a 150 when I only answered 61/150 questions correct when broken down by subject area. A little clarification would be great!

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 8, 2016 at 11:18 AM #

      It sounds like you’re referring to Praxis 5425 (Chemistry: Content Knowledge).

      I’m also pretty confused by the numbers you were given. I clearly see 125 questions listed on page 5 of the Praxis 5425 Study Companion. And there’s no way a breakdown of questions would reduce the number of total questions. The questions do break down to 100%, of course. Maybe that’s where the 100 number came from?

      You’re right that, at face value, 49/125 should be about 139 on the Praxis. Most Praxis II tests have a few questions that are worth more than one point. If you missed all of the multiple point questions, then you might get as low as a 29%/129, so that’s one possibility. This is really hard to say though. One of the frustrating things about the Praxis is that the reports they give on test day can really vary, and sometimes contain incomplete or oddly formatted information.

  80. Julia November 7, 2016 at 8:44 PM #

    Hello! I am taking test 5025 and I was wondering if this calculation applies to this test as well? Also, if you skip a question does that count against you? I failed this test once before by one point and I think it was because I filled in a few questions I wasn’t too sure about and I’m thinking now I should have just skipped them. What should you do in that situation? Thanks for the help!

    • Julia November 7, 2016 at 8:49 PM #

      never mind! I just read a post from September and found my answer! thank you!

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 8, 2016 at 10:58 AM #

      Hi Julia,

      Yes, Praxis 5025: Early Childhood Education follows the same formula as any other Praxis exam that’s 100% selected response. Take the percentage of questions you got right, add 100, and you have your approximate official score.

      And no, the Praxis doesn’t have a “guessing penalty”. On any Praxis test, you lose just one point whether you leave an answer blank or give an incorrect response. So it never hurts to guess on questions you’re not sure about. If you guess correctly, you get the point. If you guess wrong, it’s no worse for you then leaving the answer blank.

  81. Keeley November 11, 2016 at 6:36 AM #

    Hi David!

    I just took my Praxis yesterday in Special Education 5354. I had to take a mental picture of the questions that I got correct and couldn’t remember the actual section that the numbers were under.

    The test actually consisted of:
    Development and Characteristics of Learners: 20
    Planning and the Learning Environment: 27
    Instruction: 27
    Assessment: 22
    Foundations and Professional Responsibilities: 24

    I do not know the sections I got these numbers in, but I know my numbers were:

    If that is the case it would be 74/120 = 61%

    Would that make my Praxis score a 161?

    I needed a 152 to pass.

    Best wishes,


    • David Recine
      David Recine November 13, 2016 at 5:27 PM #

      You’ve calculated correctly, Keeley! (Except that 74/120 might actually round up to 162, which is even better.) Your final official score should clear 152 quite comfortably. Congratulations. 🙂

  82. Cassidy November 12, 2016 at 8:37 AM #

    I just took the reading specialist 5301 Praxis. As I was proofreading my final written response, the test timed out before I hit “continue/submit/next”. I was still reading. Will the text I typed be submitted or do you have to hit the button to submit?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 15, 2016 at 11:57 AM #

      Hi Cassidy,

      To my knowledge, your response is still saved, even if you don’t hit “submit” before the exam times out; this actually happened to me on Core Writing a few years ago and I still scored well, so I assume that my essay was saved. I also know that most other ETS tests will save your work even if the test times out while you’re in mid keystroke. If you want to be 100% sure that you’re OK, though, I recommend email and explaining the situation to them. If you use that email, you can get in contact with a Praxis support rep who can confirm whether or not your essay would have been lost on that exam under those circumstances.

  83. Anderson November 14, 2016 at 12:07 PM #

    David l recently took my Praxis ll test for history in Alabama. The required passing
    score is 143. I had a raw score of 169. Does it seem like l may have passed? Thx

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 14, 2016 at 8:59 PM #

      Your raw score will either be the same as your official score, or very close too it. So it looks like you passed with flying colors, Clint. 🙂 Way to go!

  84. Shermaneice November 14, 2016 at 1:15 PM #

    I just took my Praxis yesterday in Health Education 5551. I had to take a mental picture of the questions that I got correct and couldn’t remember the actual section that the numbers were under.

    The test actually consisted of:
    Health Education As Discipline : 20
    Heath Promotion and Prevention Of Injury and Disease : 36
    Health relationships and Mental and Emotinal Health: 36
    Community Heath and Advocacy : 14
    Health Education of Pedagogy: 14

    I do not know the sections I got these numbers in, but I know my numbers were:

    If that is the case it would be 62/120 = 51

    Would that make my Praxis score a 151?

    I needed a 149 to pass.

    Best wishes,


    • David Recine
      David Recine November 14, 2016 at 8:58 PM #

      Those calculations do look correct, Shermaneice (and actually round up to 152). Nice work! 🙂

  85. Kash November 14, 2016 at 9:45 PM #

    Hey David I took the praxis core math which has 56 questions. my raw score was as follows 10,8,2,6 =26 and the available raw points were 15,15,10,10=50 if you divid those totals it would give me 52% why did my official score say 140 and not 152 if it based on the % correct ?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 15, 2016 at 11:47 AM #

      That is very confusing. I’m honestly not sure where the 140 came from, because even 26/56 is higher than 140 (it’s 46%). Sometimes there are irregularities in the way your score report displays in the testing center. And these irregularities can actually be quite unpredictable and difficult to account for. In this situation, I’d actually recommend contacting Praxis customer service and asking them if they can clarify your initial unofficial score report.

  86. Shermaneice November 15, 2016 at 5:38 AM #

    It also had a 140 on the scree David. So I’m a little confused though. Can you try to explain what could have happen. I don’t know if that was my actually score.

  87. Bridget November 15, 2016 at 7:11 AM #

    Good morning David! I am new to this thread could you please tell me how to score the praxis writing exam?

    • Bridget November 15, 2016 at 7:42 AM #

      writing exams based on MS scores.

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 15, 2016 at 11:43 AM #

      I assume you mean Praxis Core Writing. Unfortunately with Praxis Core Writing, you can’t know your score just based on the preliminary score report you get at the end of your testing session. This is because Core Writing includes constructed response questions, in the form of two essays. These questions can’t be scored instantly in the test center, Instead, they have to to be sent to actual human scorers who give you a score using a rubric. Your essay grades are a huge factor in your final Core Writing score. As a result, you can’t know your Praxis Core Writing score until you get your official scores, 2 to 3 weeks after the test.

  88. Molly November 18, 2016 at 9:45 PM #

    I just took the praxis core last week and at the end I got my reading and math scores right away on the computer. It said I got a 156 for the math. I literally cried when I realized I passed because math has been a huge challenge for me in life. Well, today my official scores are up and my score for math has been changed to 142. I’m shocked it’s so much lower than what was given To me on the computer. Could this be a mistake? I feel so cheated.

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 19, 2016 at 3:08 PM #

      That is very strange, and I’m very sorry to hear you’re going through this. It’s very rare for the Praxis to make a mistake like this. But if your in-test-center score report says 156 and your actual final Praxis Core Math score is 14 points lower, it seems possible that there could be a mistake. The real issue is whether the 156 score is a mistake or the 142 score is a mistake.

      This is a strange enough case that I would advise actually contacting Praxis customer service, possibly even by phone. Do you have a printout of the unofficial scores you got on test day? That will probably be pretty important to launching an investigation.

  89. Quinn November 21, 2016 at 1:53 PM #

    Okay I took the 5002 Reading and Language Arts praxis exam on November 3rd and waiting to get my real score on November 28th. When I finished the test I saw I had a raw score of 22 in Reading and 24 for Language Arts. Based on that I scored 47/80 and if I divide that I get 0.575. For New Jersey I need to score 157 to pass and really nervous cause in Clinical 1 student teaching now and this is the only section I have not passed and need to pass this time in order to finish my student teaching. Will this score be good enough to pass the New Jersey state requirement score of 157? Cause I know this means I scored a 157.5 on the test.

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 22, 2016 at 8:26 PM #

      Wow, that really is quite close to the cutoff. In rare instances, your official Praxis score may go down a few points from your unofficial Praxis score. However, more often than not your official score will be the same as your raw score, or will be 1-3 points higher. So you’re probably in the clear. But if you get a chance, come back here and let us know what your official scores were, once you see them. Until then, good luck, Quinn!

  90. Thomas November 26, 2016 at 2:35 PM #

    Hi—I am planning to take the Grades 4-8 Pennsylvania Core Assessment – Praxis #’s 5153, 5154, 5155 – Pedagogy, English/Language Arts & Social Studies, and Math/Science. I would need a 162 for the Pedagogy, a 152 for English/Language Arts, and a 164 for Math/Science. Do you know approximately how many questions I would need to get correct in each area to pass. Thanks for your time

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 29, 2016 at 9:45 AM #

      Hi Thomas,

      Since your score is the percentage of questions you got right, plus 100, you’ll need to get at least 62% correct in Pedagogy, at least 52% correct in English/Language Arts, and at least 64% correct in Math/Science.

      Each subtest in Praxis 5152 has 70 questions. So this means getting at least 44/70 correct in Pedagogy, at least a 37/70 in English/Language Arts, and at least a 45/70 in Math/Science. These are just the minimum scores at which it’s possible to pass, though. Final official scores can sometimes be adjusted downward by a few points. So to have a sure chance at passing, you’ll want to aim as high above those minimums as possible.

  91. Jennifer November 26, 2016 at 4:17 PM #

    Hello! I was reading through the comments to figure out how I might estimate a scaled score for my practice Praxis II Art Content Knowledge exam (5134). I’m assuming it’s similar to many of the other exams, where 100 is added to the percentage of questions answered correctly. In my case, I scored a 90/120= 75%, which converts to a 175. I believe I need a 158 to pass, which is reassuring. My main concern is that I’m unsure of how some questions are weighted, as there were a handful of questions that required multiple selected responses, i.e. “select all that apply.” Do you think my calculations are an accurate representation of test readiness? Thanks!

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 29, 2016 at 8:43 AM #

      Hi Jennifer. I see you’ve really done your homework. 🙂 The weight of particular questions is tricky. Obviously multiple selected response questions will have a greater weight. But how much greater weight is hard to say, and it’s also sometimes possible for single-answer questions to be weighted differently. Ultimately, the Praxis isn’t all that transparent on this.

      Fortunately, you’re well enough above the minimum percentage you’d need. So even with some unpredictable question “weights,” it’s highly likely that you’ve passed.

  92. JR November 28, 2016 at 7:52 AM #

    HI, I took the social studies and the science multiple subjects tests (part of the 5001 series) and received a 30/55 in social studies and a 32/50 in science. Those are my raw scores. I’m not sure if any of those test questions didn’t count or if they all counted. In my state, I need a 155 to pass social studies and a 159 to pass science. Do I have a chance?


    • David Recine
      David Recine November 29, 2016 at 7:59 AM #

      It’s always hard to be sure that all of the test questions will be counted. But what I can tell you is that the Praxis is more likely to count all questions than not.

      So for the purposes of estimating your final official score, we’ll treat these exams as if every question counted. A 30/55 score equals 54.5% correct.

      This *might* be rounded up to a 155, but if it’s adjusted even slightly downward, you’ll be at least 1 point short of the score you need. Sorry for the potentially bad news– there’s still at least some chance this will count as a 155, but certainly no guarantee.

      Now here’s the good news: a 32/50 is a 65%, which translates into a scaled score of 164. So you’re almost certainly in the clear for Science 5001! 🙂

    • Lindsay November 29, 2016 at 6:58 PM #

      i received a 32 also for social studies and needed a 155. i scored 32 back in may and got 152/155 but last month i scored 32 and got 151/155. i’m so over this. i’ve taken it 10-11 times. my friend got 29 and passed with 155.

  93. Sarah Thornton November 28, 2016 at 9:28 AM #

    I am needing to take the middle school science praxis. It contains 125 selected response questions. I need to make a score of 150 to pass. How many questions do I need to get right in order to make a 150?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 29, 2016 at 7:52 AM #

      Your scaled score is the percentage number for the questions you got right, plus 100. Since 125 is an odd number, you’ll need to get more than half of the questions right in order to go over 150. Specifically, you’ll need to get at least 63 questions right to get a 150. (63/125 = 0.504 = 50.4% = 150 scaled score.)

      However, there’s also always a possibility that your score could be adjusted by a few points before the official score is given. So it’s better to aim for at least a 153 or higher (63/125). That way, you’ll safely exceed a raw score of 150, and hopefully be able to make a 150 if your score is adjusted downward.

  94. Lindsay November 29, 2016 at 4:49 PM #

    Why can’t I pass my Praxis II 5004 Social Studies exam? I am beyond frustrated and upset. My last score was a 151 and my highest (back in may) was 152. I need a 155 to pass and I have taken the exam about 10 or so times. Do you have any tips on what I could study with? I’m about to be out another semester because of this exam 🙁 My family is so disappointed in me.

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 3, 2016 at 11:45 AM #

      The pain of failing a Praxis test! 🙁 It’s sad to hear you’re going through this, Lindsay. The first resources I recommend for any Praxis are the official study companion PDF and the official web-based practice exam. The study companion for Praxis 5004 (Elementary Education: Social Studies) is actually a section within the big, 84-page study companion for the whole Praxis 5001 set of subtests. The Praxis 5001 (Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects) Study Companion is available for free on the ETS website. Study material and practice questions for Social Studies can be found within that PDF, along with Language Arts, Science, and Math prep.

      There are also two full practice official tests available for Social Studies (5004). You can purchase either test individually for about $20, and you can get both tests in a two-for-one deal priced at around $31.

      So check out those official resources if you haven’t done so already. Also, take a good look at your previous score reports. The Social Studies 5004 subtest has three subsections: United States History, Government, & Citizenship; Geography, Anthropology and Sociology; and World History and Economics. Your previous score report should show you how many answers you got right in each individual subsection. Seeing how you do in specific aspects of Social Studies can help you isolate your mistakes on the exam, so that you know which skills need to be improved the most.

  95. Sausha December 3, 2016 at 9:55 AM #

    Looking through all of the comments I tried to find an answer but failed. I recently took the Early Childhood PLT exam and missed by one point. I am merely curious if it is worth my time and/or money to have it re-evaluated. I have, in the past, used this option when I missed by 1 point on the writing core but received a letter stating that the score remained the same. Also, how does the retake process work? Do I have 21 days from the receiving of my score or from the date of examination? Do I have to repay and get refunded? Any information on this process is greatly appreciated but my main interest pertains to the possibility of my PLT score changing. Thank you!

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 3, 2016 at 11:31 AM #

      I’m sorry to hear you fell short of your PLT score requirement by just one point. That certainly sounds frustrating! 🙁

      We really do have a long involved discussion going on here in the comments, and you’re right– this question of yours adds something completely new to the dialogue. Let’s get some answers to your important questions….

      First, you want to know whether it’s worth your time and money to get the essay portion of your PLT reviewed. As you probably already know, score review costs 65 dollars and can take up to a month to complete (for other readers, you can find details on this in my post on what to do when you failed the Praxis). As you probably also already know, there’s a chance your score won’t change.

      This is a tough call. If you want my advice, I’d say that it is worth the extra $65 to request a rescore, especially because all you need it one extra point to pass. If your score improves at all after a score review, you should be pushed to where you need to be.

      However, while you’re waiting for your rescore results, I’d also recommend retaking your Praxis PLT. That way, if your rescore doesn’t help you, you’ve still got a chance at scoring better on a retake. And at the same time, if you don’t reach the minimum score on your retake, your previous rescored test might get you there. In other words, by both requesting a rescore and retaking the Praxis PLT, you increase your chances of success, because you’re trying to get your target score by two different methods.

      As for when you can retake the Praxis, you can retake it 21 days after your actual previous test day. You don’t need to wait until 21 days after you receive the actual scores. So you can easily retake your PLT while you wait for your scores from the previous exam to be reviewed. The bad news is that you will need to pay a whole new, full testing fee. And you don’t get refunded on your fee from the previous test.

      Does all this make sense/ You’ve asked some pretty involved questions here. So if you still have any doubts, just let me know.

  96. Ronie December 6, 2016 at 8:59 AM #

    My daughter took the Science section (5005) of the Praxis today. She scored 10, 9, 12, 153. 10 + 9 + 12 = 31 which is 62% – her score should be 162, correct? What is the “153” score that was on her test? Will her actual score be 162 or 153? We live in Alabama, where only a score of 144 is needed to pass.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert December 8, 2016 at 1:30 AM #

      Hi Ronie,

      62% does not mean she should get a 162. The scaled score is not quite as simple as adding 100 to the percentage. If she was shown a 153, that is the estimated scaled score, but it won’t be official until the results are released. Either way, it sounds like she has definitely exceeded the necessary 144, so congratulations! 🙂

  97. Shannon December 8, 2016 at 10:14 AM #

    Hi. I took the school psychology praxis (5402) today and my unofficial total score was 171, and my raw score was 90. I need a 147 to pass this test. Is there anyway that I should be worries about my unofficial total score dropping below 147 when I get my official score?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert December 8, 2016 at 12:21 PM #

      Hi Shannon,

      In the majority of cases, there is no difference from unofficial and official scores. And, if there are differences, it’s typically minimal. It is definitely not common for your unofficial total score to change that drastically, and I would be surprised. So, I would not worry too much! I would relax and wait for the official scores to be released. 🙂

  98. Erica December 8, 2016 at 12:11 PM #

    Hi, I just took Praxis Art Content Knowledge 5134 this week. My raw score shows 53 and 37 from two different areas. The test is 120 multiple choice questions. I need 158 to pass. I am extremely anxious about the result. They said that the result wont be available until the end of December. Do you think that I will pass? Thank you.

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 9, 2016 at 4:36 PM #

      I really do think you’ve passed, Erica. 🙂 53 + 37 combined gives you a raw score of 90 our of 120 for the test. 90/120 = 0.75. 0.75 is equivalent to 75%. To get an estimate of your final Praxis score, take the percentage number of raw points you got, and add 100. 75 + 100 is 175, so that’s your estimated score. Now, it is true that official scores can change slightly from the estimated scores. But official scores are still only adjusted by a few points. So you should be in the clear. Congratulations!

  99. Richard December 9, 2016 at 6:07 AM #

    Hi all. Happy I found this site. Recently took the Praxis 2 Biology (computer-based). At the end of the test it shows a score of *176. I must admit I didn’t read the entire page, so wanted to know what this was. What does the asterisk (*) signify and is my score?

    Thank you.

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 9, 2016 at 4:32 PM #

      Hi Richard,

      Glad the Magoosh Praxis Blog has been helpful for you. 🙂 Based on what you’ve told me, the 176 is almost certainly your unofficial score. Your official score will likely be the same or almost the same. Sometimes official scores are adjusted by a few points.

      I can’t tell you for sure what the asterisk means. But it probably signifies that 176 is only your unofficial score, and that your true official score may change slightly.

  100. Rebecca December 10, 2016 at 1:23 PM #

    Hi David,

    I took 5134 Art Content Knowledge test today. I made 72 correct out of 120. That is 60% I believe. Does that means I scored 160?

    And, would the official adjustments lower my score? I need 158

    Please help. Thank you

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 13, 2016 at 9:22 AM #

      That is an even 60%, and yes, that does mean you have an unofficial scaled score of 160. You’re also right that official adjustments can lower your score. However, official adjustments usually slightly raise your score rather than making it slightly lower. So there’s a good chance you’ll be able to keep your 160 score. If you have time, do come back here and let me know what your official score turns out to be. And until then, good luck!

  101. Richard December 10, 2016 at 5:04 PM #


    Thank you. I truly hope so! 🙂

  102. tonya0503 December 11, 2016 at 6:31 AM #

    Good Morning,

    Is there another way to calculate the Praxis scores. About a month ago you calculated my Social Studies (5004) raw scores and you mentioned that I had passed, but I actually failed it. I retook it yesterday and got a “score” of 150. I’m so mad because I changed some answers last minute that may have cost me to do better.

    Anyhow, my question to you is, with scores of; 19, 6, and 8…. “150. Do you think I passed, or did I fail again?.. My first set of scores were; 13, 10, 8. I’m located in NJ and need 155 to pass.

    By YOUR calculations I passed, however, using your calculations the first time around I failed.

    I need insight please, I feel like I”m going crazy.

    • Sandy G December 13, 2016 at 10:51 AM #

      I’m on the same boat!
      These have been my scores

      28 raw score was 152
      24 raw score was 140
      26 raw score was 137

      There just isn’t any logic!

      • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
        Magoosh Test Prep Expert December 13, 2016 at 11:26 AM #

        Sandy and Tonya,

        So sorry for your bad experiences here, Sandy and Tonya! 🙁 The only raw-to-scaled score that seems somewhat on-point is a 28 equaling 152. A 28 actually equals 154, but minor adjustments for point weight or difficulty could cause a loss of two points on the official score.

        But your’e right,t he other scores don’t make sense at all. In theory, it could be that the 24 and 26 represent missed questions with heavier “point weight.” (Questions worth 2+ points instead of 1.)

        Unfortunately, there are always some test results and score conversions that do not follow the Praxis exam’s publicly stated system and “logic” for calculating scores. To make things even more frustrating, ETS is much less transparent about their Praxis score system, compared to the openness they have with their other exams such as the TOEFL and GRE. So getting a straight answer on this from Praxis customer service would probably be difficult.

  103. tonya0503 December 13, 2016 at 3:52 PM #

    So… Are you saying I failed Social Studies again?… Forgive me, but I’m still confused by your response… 😀

    I guess I’ll have to wait and see when I get my official scores because I’ve seen other people mentioned that they passed S/S with a lower score than mine.

    I wish this test wasn’t so difficult or has SO MANY variations.

  104. Sammy December 16, 2016 at 10:53 PM #

    After taking my Praxis for Speech Language Pathology, my unofficial scaled score was 168 and my raw score (number correct) was 65/132.

    I read the passing scaled score is 162 and the passing raw score is 75.

    This confuses me. Assuming the unofficial score is accurate, does this mean I passed or failed? Is the scaled score or raw score more important/accurate?

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 24, 2016 at 12:52 PM #

      That is a little strange. 75/132 appears to be 57%, which would be a scaled score of 157, not 175. And a 65/132 is 49%, or a scaled score of 149. So it seems like neither your score or a 75 would get you all the way up to 62%/162.

      That being said, on many Praxis exams, certain questions are worth more than others. If you correctly answered most or all of your 2 point and higher questions, that might explain why your scaled score is 168 even though your raw score shows only 65 correct questions. There’s also a smaller chance that your scaled score of 168 is a mistake– that the test center showed you the wrong score. That kind of mistake on your unofficial score report is pretty uncommon, though. Sounds like there’s a very good chance that you passed!

  105. Megan Matilo December 22, 2016 at 7:15 AM #

    Hi David,

    If you have an issue with your comouter, like I did with the mouse, during testing, is there anything you can do about your test score?

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 24, 2016 at 12:26 PM #

      Man, sorry to hear that you had computer issues. That can be really stressful. If you can prove that you have computer issues, you may be able to cancel your score and retake the Praxis for no additional fee. But in that case, it’s best to report any technical problems to test center staff immediately, while you’re taking the test, or right after.

      Were you able t talk to test center staff right away? And if so, what did they say?

      • Megan January 8, 2017 at 4:19 PM #

        Hi David,

        I alerted the test center staff immediately when I realized that my mouse wasn’t working properly. They shut down my computer immediately and changed out my mouse. Nothing else was said after they changed it out and restarted my test.

        I contacted ETS about the issue but they said they contacted the test center and they had no documentation of the issue. ETS also stated that according to their review of the test, they saw no issue with the mouse lagging or any other type of malfunction. My thing with this is, that if they review my test further, they will see that with time stamps there was a pause in my test from shut down to start up and the timer from the beginning to end of the test will show the extra time between start and finish. ETS is basically stating that nothing else can be done.

        • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
          Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 13, 2017 at 9:35 AM #

          Hi Megan,

          I’m very sorry this has happened to you. If no one at the center made any note of a testing abnormality, it is tricky to get ETS to listen to your complaints further. You can try to follow up with a version of what you have said here, but without documentation I would be worried that the issue will be considered closed. Is there any way to talk to the test center yourself?

          From what you have described, I do not see evidence that the equipment caused you further issues, and thus ETS is not inclined to do anything about the score or offering a retake because it doesn’t seem necessary, at least from their end. :/

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