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Understanding Your Praxis Raw Score

When you complete a Praxis exam, you’ll immediately receive a raw score for your test—this score is specifically there to help you understand how you just did. So it’s important to understand your raw score—what it looks like, how it’s calculated, and what it measures.

On the score display you see right when you finish a Praxis exam, you will see a field that tells you the total number of questions on the test. On Core Reading (just as one example), the total number of questions will display as 56. You will also see a field that tells you the number of questions you answered correctly. The number of questions you answered correctly is your raw score.

You can calculate the percentage of a raw score as a ratio of correctly answered questions to total number of questions. So if you got—say—42 questions right, your raw score would be 42 and could also be expressed as 75%.

What your raw score does not measure is the true percentage of answers you’ve gotten correct. Some questions have more than one answer, such as this question from pages 46 and 57 of the Praxis Core Reading Study Companion:


This question has two correct answers (see the Study Companion for an answer key), while most Core Reading multiple choice questions have just one. So a question like this would have a greater percentage weight in calculating your official score, but would not have more raw points than a question with just one answer. In other words, unofficial and official scores are calculated by the percentage of answers you get right; raw scores are calculated ONLY by the number of individual questions that had completely correct answers.

This distinction of how a raw score is calculated is especially important if you are working with a school or academic program that wants to hear about your score as soon as possible, before the official scores are actually issued. If you need to tell an academic adviser or potential employer how you did on a praxis test, do NOT give them your raw score. Give them your unofficial score, which will also be show to you at the end of the testing session. The unofficial score will display alongside your raw score on test day. In most cases, the unofficial score will be exactly the same as your official score, unless the test center itself made a mistake in calculating your points.

The raw score will be different and is a less accurate measure of how you actually performed, in terms of answering everything correctly. Raw scores also expressed on a different scale than the unofficial/official scores. The raw score is calculated on a scale of zero to the total number of questions on the test. Your true praxis score—both in official and unofficial form—are calculated on a scale that starts at 100 and goes to 200. (Read more about Praxis score scaling here.)

Ultimately, your raw score provides a simple, easy-to-understand look at how you’ve done on an exam you just took. When you’re mentally fatigued form answering one question after another, knowing how many of those questions you got completely right allows you to easily get a basic idea of your performance, without any more careful thought. But it’s the unofficial and official scores that really indicate how you did on a percentage basis, and whether you’ve met the requirements of your state or prospective school.


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184 Responses to Understanding Your Praxis Raw Score

  1. Steven November 10, 2016 at 11:49 AM #

    I had a raw score of 157 on praxis 5435 (general science: content knowledge). My state (SC) requires an official score of 150. Do you think I passed? Thanks

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 10, 2016 at 11:58 AM #

      Since there are only 135 questions in Praxis 5435 (General Science: Content Knowledge), a 157 would likely be your unofficial score rather than your raw score. This is good, since unofficial and official scores are usually almost exactly the same. If your unofficial score in 157, your raw score will likely be somewhere between 154 and 159. Congratulations, you passed! 🙂

    • LynetteB July 20, 2017 at 4:51 PM #

      I’m trying to understand if they gave a raw score of 119 what does that mean

  2. Christian November 16, 2016 at 6:13 PM #

    There were 56 questions on the test, after I test 6 were not counted. Does the raw score change?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 19, 2016 at 3:09 PM #

      From what you’ve described to me, this would likely change your raw score. But for clarity, which Praxis test are you talking about, specifically?

  3. Denny November 22, 2016 at 9:22 AM #

    Trying to figure out my score on the practice test I did for the Professional School Counselor test. Total of 120 questions and I got 81 correct. Any idea what this would score as?

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 22, 2016 at 8:23 PM #

      Glad to help, Denny!

      The formula for estimating your official score is this: calculate the percentage of questions you got right, and then add 100 to the number of your percentage. 81/120= .675 = 68% = 168 estimated score on your Praxis Professional School Counselor (5421) exam.

  4. Stefanie November 28, 2016 at 3:54 PM #

    My Math Core (5732) results are confusing me.
    The passing score is 150. When you get a score report they let you know how many of the 50 questions you got correct. (6 questions are being tested and you don’t get credit for them)
    I have taken the test 3 times and the results are as follows.

    120 points = 20/50 correct
    142 points = 24/50 correct
    144 points = 30/50 correct

    It’s extremely confusing that the 4 extra questions that I got correct translates to 22 extra points in the second test, but the 6 extra questions that I got correct the third time, only translates to 2 extra points. Following the pattern, shouldn’t a score of 30/50 mean that I passed? Should I dispute this? If so how do I do this?


    • David Recine
      David Recine November 29, 2016 at 7:42 AM #

      First off, I’m sorry to hear you haven’t reached your needed 150 score yet. Still, it’s good to see that your score has increased each time you take the test. It looks like you’re well on your way to 150.

      I agree with you that 30/50 seems to indicate a potentially passing score. However, to my knowledge, Praxis doesn’t have a dispute process for “constructed response” scoring. (Although I with they did– every standardized test should leave room for disputes!)

      Sadly, it’s also sometimes possible to get a 30.50 in Core Math and NOT pass the exam. One issue here is that some problems on the Praxis Core Math test are worth more points than others. It’s not always obvious which questions are more heavily weighted– the Praxis has its own internal standards for deciding whether a question tests multiple concepts for multiple points, or just tests one concept for one point.

      Still, the score irregularities you’re describing are pretty unusual. I think it wouldn’t hurt to contact Praxis customer service and see if they can give you some answers as to why this happened. If you decide to go that route, stop back here and let us know how it went, if you can.

      • Stefanie November 29, 2016 at 11:11 AM #

        Hi David,

        Thanks for getting back to me. The 4 issues that I see with Praxis Core are; the short amount of time they give to answer questions, the way that the questions are asked, the way that they are scored, and the lack of information regarding the weight of each question during the test. So far I have taken 5 math classes and have passed them all with an A grade,despite the fact that I am a non-traditional student returning to school after 20 years! Every college test that I have taken lets you know how many points each question is worth, and does not have an obscure secretive grading system. Also, every other test I have taken in college gives enough time to answer questions and then go back and rethink more difficult questions, that are asked in a straight forward way. I have never seen anything like this my whole life. I sent an email to customer service and will let you know how it goes because their grading system is highly secretive and obscure and each time you take the test it costs $90. Something is wrong.

        Thanks for listening!

      • Stefanie November 29, 2016 at 5:05 PM #

        I also found this interesting.

      • Stefanie December 1, 2016 at 11:15 AM #

        So they got back to me at Praxis Customer Service. They basically said the same thing as you. That when the raw score is transferred to your official score, some questions are worth more than others, and therefore it is impossible to calculate your official score by the percentage of correct questions only. Also the scoring scale chart is NOT available. I still don’t understand how 4 raw points can equal 22 more official points,and 6 more raw points can only equal 2 official points.This is disheartening, however I will now say, that I will change the way I take the test next time. It is common to advise students to do all the easy short questions first and then go to the most difficult ones. I am thinking that this may not be the best method. Now that I know that some questions carry more weight than others, it may well be worth taking the time on these difficult questions that I know I can do instead of skipping them, only to find there is no time to complete them later. Any thoughts?

      • Amanda R February 6, 2017 at 5:15 AM #

        My praxis scores for 5002 LA
        Received 155 after submitting the test
        And need 157 to pass
        I had several select all that apply types of questions.
        Is it likely that I have passed? If one point is given to one question. So lets say if i have at least even one question that I selected all correct options for?
        Did i pass then?

        • David Recine
          David Recine February 6, 2017 at 5:52 AM #

          Hi Amanda,

          Your raw score does take into account the “point weight” of each question. So you probably won’t gain any points for 2 point questions, once your official score is calculated.

          Now here’s the good news: the Praxis sometimes adjusts your raw score by 1-3 points, based on the relative difficulty of the questions you answered. And when the Praxis does make these kinds of adjustments, they’ll usually adjust your score up, not down. So there’s definitely a chance that your score could be adjusted upward to 157, maybe 158 at the highest.

          Still, there is also a distinct chance that you’re jut a little bit short of the score you need. So be prepared for a retake if necessary. And if you get a chance, come back to the comments and let us know how things went, once you get your official score for the Praxis 5002. (In the mean time,you may also want to check out my post that focuses specifically on Elementary Education: Content Knowledge Praxis scoring.)

          • Amanda R February 13, 2017 at 6:21 PM #

            Torn…. not passed

  5. mike cat December 6, 2016 at 7:26 PM #

    Hi..I just took my Physical education content knowledge 5091. My score popped up as 160..then it broke down the parts of the test for my raw score which added up to 86 (out of 120)..My state requires a 155..Im assuming I passed with that 160 as it was all multiple choice questions?. . Thanks for this website..soooo helpful!!!!!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert December 8, 2016 at 1:29 AM #

      Hi Mike,

      The 160 was an estimated scaled score (which exceeds your necessary 155) and the 86 would likely be the raw score out of 120. I would feel confident that you have passed, but wait for those official results before celebrating. Nice work! 🙂

      • mike cat December 8, 2016 at 2:35 AM #

        thank you 🙂
        I emailed Praxis the same question and here was there response:
        Thanks for your message!

        All computer-delivered, selected-response Praxis tests are scored twice to ensure accuracy. They are scored once at the test center immediately after completion of the test and again at ETS through the Praxis system. The total scaled score a test taker views on the screen at the test center is the unofficial score, and the total scaled score the test taker receives online through their Praxis account after the test has been scored a second time through the Praxis system is the official score.

        In the rare event that discrepancies are found in the initial scoring process, the official score could differ from the unofficial score.

        • mike cat December 8, 2016 at 2:37 AM #

          their 😉

      • Kboley July 23, 2017 at 8:52 PM #

        I took praxis 5018 and when I finish it gave me a raw score of 119 with 140 questions how can i find out what’s my score

        • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
          Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 26, 2017 at 9:12 PM #

          Hi Kirsten!

          So you got a 119/140 on your exam, which has 140 selected-response questions, so the computer has all the details about your work quickly. That corresponds to an 85% accuracy which means we can ballpark your score to around a 180! Nicely done. 🙂

  6. Ana December 17, 2016 at 12:00 PM #

    If the raw score that showed on the computer screen was 166 for the Education for Deaf and Hard of Hearing is that a passing score? Or not?

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 24, 2016 at 12:42 PM #

      If you saw 166 on your raw score for this particular Praxis II test (test # 5272), then you were shown your scaled score. Your official score will be exactly the same or almost the same. So you will likely have a 166 on your official score report.

      Is that a passing score? That actually depends on your state’s score requirements for that particular Praxis test. If your state requires a 166 or a score lower than 166, then you’ve met your minimum score and will be OK.

  7. Corey December 25, 2016 at 8:35 PM #

    I just took the Praxis 2 Middle School Science. It didn’t give me a score, but it said that I got 71 questions correct out of 125 which = 56% correct. Does this equate to a score of 156? The passing for my state is a 150. Thanks!!

    • David Recine
      David Recine December 26, 2016 at 3:41 PM #

      You calculated correctly– that should equate to a score of 156! Congratulations, it looks like you’ve passed, Corey. 🙂

  8. Tobin January 12, 2017 at 10:15 AM #

    I’m taking a practice test for the Basic Business Praxis Exam and there are 164 questions. My state requires a score of 154 to pass. I am trying to figure out approximately how many questions I need to answer correctly to pass. How do I do this?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 13, 2017 at 9:39 AM #

      Hi Tobin,

      It is very tricky to make these kinds of estimates, but we can try. If we assume each question you face only needs 1 answer total, then a scaled 154 means you need to get slightly more than half of those correct. Let’s err on the side of caution and say that you need at least a 60%. That means you need to get 99/164 raw score to likely be in the ballpark of the 154 you’re looking for. Keep in mind this is very rough, and it relies on the assumption that all questions have just 1 answer.

  9. Emma January 15, 2017 at 4:27 PM #

    I got a 46/56 on a practice Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics (5732) and wanted to know what that score converts to. I need a 150 to pass in my state.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 16, 2017 at 7:11 AM #

      Hi Emma 🙂

      While the exact score conversions are not disclosed by ETS, you can estimate your scaled score by taking your raw score and adjusting it to the 100-200 point scale. In this case, for example, 46/56 is about 82% on the practice test. This would be equivalent, more or less, to 182/200 on the 100-200 scale. What I’ve done is take the percentage out of 100 (the range 200 – 100) and added that number, 82, to the base score of 100. Based on this calculation, you’re well on your way to passing the Math Praxis! 😀 Keep up the excellent work 🙂 And please let us know if you have any further questions about this!

  10. Natalie January 27, 2017 at 11:20 AM #

    Hey I took the Praxis Elementary Education: Content Knowledge (5018). Out of the 140 questions I had a raw score of 159. My breakdown was: Language Arts: 30 Math:26 Social Studies: 14 Science: 10. I feel deep down that my raw score of 159 will be my official score because my science score was low. What do you think?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 29, 2017 at 12:48 AM #

      Hi Natalie,

      It definitely seems to be a realistic score given your performance that you’ve shared, but ultimately you have to wait for the mystical magical Praxis scoring process to finish and them to send you your final score. I have seen the unofficial scores change a bit, so there’s always hope for higher! 🙂

  11. Lisa Harding January 28, 2017 at 4:42 PM #

    my unofficial score was 128 my state requires I have 163 did I pass

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 29, 2017 at 12:49 AM #

      Hi Lisa,

      It is unlikely that you have passed if your unofficial score was more than 1-3 points below state benchmarks overall. As always, though, the best course of action is to wait for the official score report to be issued so you can see without a doubt where you stand. Good luck! 🙂

  12. Kim Ghee January 30, 2017 at 10:24 AM #

    on the core I received a raw score of 138 on math section, does this mean I failed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine January 31, 2017 at 2:40 AM #

      That depends on your state’s licensing requirements. Unofficial scores and official scores are usually the same for Core Math. So if your state requires more than a 138 on the Praxis Core Mat exam, then you’ve failed. On the other hand, if your state’s cutoff is somewhere below 138, then you’re probably still OK!

  13. Kelsey January 30, 2017 at 9:30 PM #

    I took the Praxis Core Reading portion and got an unofficial score of 152. I need a 156 to pass. Are unofficial scores the same as the official score? Or is too soon to tell?

    • David Recine
      David Recine January 31, 2017 at 2:38 AM #

      Unofficial scores and official scores are usually the same. And hen an official score is different from an unofficial score, it’s usually different by just a point or two.

      So it’s highly likely you haven’t passed. I’m sorry to give you that (probably) bad news! 🙁

  14. Kristen January 31, 2017 at 7:25 AM #

    I recently took the Praxis II 5018 for elementary education content knowledge and received a score of 153 at the end. I am just confused on whether that is my raw score or unofficial score. I think for Louisiana I need a 163 to pass but my scores wont report until 2/10/2017. Just trying to understand it and know if I need to sign up again soon. Thank you!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 31, 2017 at 9:32 AM #

      There are only 140 questions on the Praxis II 5018. So a score of 153 would be the unofficial scaled score. Your official score will be very similar. So you definitely don’t have enough points to pass. Not this time around, at least. I’m sorry to be the bearer of bad news. You’ll definitely want to sign up for a retake soon.

  15. Kevin February 18, 2017 at 7:47 AM #

    I just took the Praxis II Social Studies Content (5081). I got 75/130 questions right, and using the rule of thumb mentioned above my score might be around 158. I need a 157 to pass in my state. I see it is going to be really close, but I was wondering if on average the rule of thumb formula generally results in an official score that is slightly below or slightly above the estimated score that can be found by adding 100 to the % correct.

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 20, 2017 at 3:06 AM #

      The average rule of thumb usually results in a score that’s the same or slightly higher than your estimate. Don’t get me wrong– lower final scores aren’t unheard of. However, it sounds like you’re in a pretty good position to pass, Kevin.

  16. Tanesha martin February 18, 2017 at 2:53 PM #

    I did the praxis ii general science and got a score of 142 there are three questions where I was required to select 2 or three correct answer is there any chance of my score changing to the 150 needed

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 20, 2017 at 3:03 AM #

      When your score is adjusted, it’s almost never adjust by more than 2-3 points. Unfortunately getting an adjustment form 152 all the way up to 150 is pretty much unheard of. I’m sorry to give you the bad news, but it sounds like you’ll need to retake Praxis 5435 (General Science: Content Knowledge). 🙁

  17. Morgan February 20, 2017 at 4:38 PM #

    Hi! I took a practice test for the Social Studies Content Knowledge Test (5081). On the practice exam I scored a 92 out of 130. Based on what I have read from above that should mean I pass but I wanted to double check and hear your thoughts.

    Please let me know!

    Thank you!


    • David Recine
      David Recine February 21, 2017 at 3:11 AM #

      92 out of 130 is 70.7% correct. This is an approximate Praxis score of 170 or 171. That’s a pretty respectable score by Praxis standards. And so long as your home state considers 170 to be passing, you’ve probably passed. In that case, congratulations, Morgan. 🙂

  18. Tricia February 22, 2017 at 1:17 AM #

    Thank you so much for all of your Praxis knowledge! It’s really helpful. I just took the Praxis 5161. When I finished, the raw score (or unofficial score, I’m not sure which) was 157. I understand that the official score will be slightly different because of analyzing the constructed response questions. I need a score of 152 to teach secondary math in Colorado. Is there any chance that if I did poorly on many of those constructed response questions that my score will sink down to lower than 152? I want to celebrate because I think I passed, but I’m now scared that there’s a chance I didn’t. Help me understand the mystery that is Praxis test scores! Thanks!

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 23, 2017 at 4:40 AM #

      It seems likely that you passed, Tricia. This seems especially likely because, based on my reading of the official Study Companion for Praxis 5161 (Mathematics: Content Knowledge), even the question types that you construct are simple numeric or word entry, and can be read on the spot by the test-center scoring system. So your score should change very little from your unofficial scaled score of 157. (And yes, 157 is your scaled score, not your raw score. 🙂 )

      • Tricia February 23, 2017 at 7:46 AM #

        Thank you sooooo much! I won’t tell my friends until th official results are in, but I will begin applying to jobs! I appreciate your help.

  19. Raquel Dibble February 22, 2017 at 4:49 PM #

    Hello I scored 128 out of 135 questions and 128 was listed as my raw score. Does that mean I scored a 194?

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 23, 2017 at 4:34 AM #

      128/135 = .948 = 94.8%. And since your scaled score is 100 + your percentage number, you’re correct— you have an unofficial score of 194 or perhaps 195. Nice work. 🙂

      • Raquel Dugan-Dibble February 23, 2017 at 12:43 PM #

        Thank you I have been going crazy trying to figure out the difference of a raw score vs. unofficial score. Someone told me that the Praxis 5435 is based out of 200 pts? As the scale runs 100-200? If thats the case and a 150 is needed to pass in ND, would I take 150/200 = .75 and then would you take the 135 questions on the test X .75 = 101.25 answers correct? My raw score was 128? Does that mean I passed also? Thank you in advance!

        • David Recine
          David Recine February 24, 2017 at 1:57 AM #

          A lot of great questions, Raquel. Let’s start with the basics.

          First, almost all Praxis exams are given scaled scores in a 100-200 point range. This includes Praxis 5435 (General Science: Content Knowledge.)

          Your raw score is NOT given on that 100-200 point scale. Instead,your raw score is simply a count of the actual number of correct answers you gave. In the case of the Praxis 5435, your raw score of 128 means you gave 128 correct answers.

          When we start looking at the 100-200 point scale, that’s where things get tricky. A 100-200 point scale is actually based on 100 points, not 200 points. Why? Because the scale starts at 100. If you did the absolute worst on the Praxis, you’d miss every question, for 0 right. So if 100 is your worst scaled score, 100 actually means 0% correct. And of course, the best you could do is get 100% of the answers right, for a top score of 200. So 200 actually represents 100%.

          In other words, to create your scoring scale, the Praxis has arbitrarily taken a normal 0-100% scale and moved it upward by 100, for 100-200 point scale that corresponds with scores in the 0% to 100% range. Get 10% of the questions right, your score is 110. 40% right? That’s a 140 scaled score. 50% is a 150. .75 (or 75%) would actually be 175.

          Now, as I said before, with a raw score of 128, you get a scaled score of 195 or perhaps 194. Either way, you easily pass. That’s comfortably above the 50% or 150 minimum you need in North Dakota.

          Hope this helps, but In understand the score scaling and score ranges for the Praxis can seem a little strange. If you have any more questions, just ask. 🙂

  20. Rachel February 25, 2017 at 8:52 PM #

    I took the praxis exam today for early childhood 5025. O got a score of 153. My state needs a 156 to pass. Is this my final score or could there still be more points for me. Om so worried. This isy thire time taking this tes. Missing my 3 points..

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert February 25, 2017 at 9:46 PM #

      Hi Rachel,

      Typically, it is uncommon that your unofficial score and official score are different. However, there are some occasions when this does happen, such as a test-center error. This is very uncommon, but if there was a miscalculation then your official score will adjust for it. To be conservative, I would recommend that you begin preparing for a retake, and the worst that can happen is that there was a miscalculation and it turns out you don’t need to study any more! Good luck! 🙂

  21. Tim February 26, 2017 at 3:56 AM #

    Hi again. Just took math 5161 yesterday. It said 25/13 correct for 38 total and 162. I need 160 to pass. Seems like 38 should be 163 or 164? Why lower? Do you think I’m good?
    Thanks for your thoughts.

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 27, 2017 at 7:52 AM #

      You’re right that 38 seems like it should be 163. There must have been a slight adjustment from your raw score to your unofficial score. There can be further changes to your score before you get your official score report. But those changes are usually very small. And if any change happens, scores almost always go up and not down by the time you get to the official score. So you’re probably good! 🙂

  22. Rita February 28, 2017 at 5:33 PM #

    Hi There – I just received a raw score of 148 for content math 5732. I need a 150 😐 Whats the likely hood of moving it up by 2 points 🙂

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 1, 2017 at 3:41 AM #

      Hi Rita,

      There is definitely a chance! But you will have to wait until the official score comes out to totally relax. Regardless, you’re clearly ready to pass this beast, so if not this time, the next one for sure. Keep us posted! 🙂

      • Paula March 6, 2017 at 6:38 PM #

        I just got the same score today on math praxis 5732. A 148! I missed it by 2. 6th time I’ve taken it! I’m not a teacher I’m a nurse but since the nurses in our school district are under the teacher’s contract I have to pass it!

        • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
          Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 8, 2017 at 1:59 AM #

          That is so frustrating! I’m sorry Paula.

  23. Mollie Sanford March 1, 2017 at 8:48 PM #

    on the business test, I need a 154 to pass. There are 120 questions total. How many do I need to get right to get a 154?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 1, 2017 at 11:19 PM #

      Hi Mollie,

      It’s difficult to say with total certainty, but at minimum I would aim for 68/120 to get in the range you need. Of course, the more correct questions, the better! 🙂

    • David Recine
      David Recine March 1, 2017 at 11:21 PM #

      It sounds like you’re referring to Praxis 5101 (Business: Content Knowledge)? In that case, you need at least 65 correct answers to have a shot at 154, since 65/120 is just a little over 54%. However, your score can be adjusted by a few points once the official score is calculated. So it’s better to overshoot, to be safe. I’d say you should aim for at least 70 correct answers. And of course, the higher you can score, the better.

  24. Macey March 13, 2017 at 11:52 AM #

    I just took the Early Childhood Education 5025 Praxis. My raw score was 82 out of 120. For AR I need a 156. Is it likely that I passed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine March 14, 2017 at 2:11 AM #

      An 82 out of 120 is 68%, which translates to a 168 scaled score. So yes, it’s HIGHLY likely that you passed. Nice work, Macey! 🙂

  25. Pamela K. March 13, 2017 at 1:13 PM #

    I just took the Praxis II, 5002 subtest and it told me at the end of the test that I got a 170. Raw scores were 24 for Reading and 23 for Writing, Speaking and Listening. I needed a 157 to pass. How do the raw score equate to 170? Did I read the score report at the end of the test wrong?

    • David Recine
      David Recine March 14, 2017 at 2:10 AM #

      Your score does seem a little low for 170, since (24+23)/80 questions is 59%, not 70%. However, there could be some way that the Praxis curved your score upward, and you may have successfully answered a high number of questions that have extra point weight. But even if you actually did misread the report, it’s likely you still passed. After all, even 59% is a 159, above your 157 minimum.

      If you get a chance, definitely do stop back and let us know what your final score was, Pamela! 🙂

      • Pamela Kempista March 14, 2017 at 11:09 AM #

        I was told by several teachers that the 170 could be a scaled score as there were non-scoring questions on it that do not count. For example, there could have only been 60 questions that really counted. The official report will break it down.

        I was also told that its super rare that the score you are given, at the end of the test, is totally wrong. In most cases it goes up or down a few points. We’ll see…

        I will certainly let ya’ll know what I get “officially.” 🙂

        • Pamela Kempista April 8, 2017 at 2:51 PM #

          Just got my confirmed score! 170! Here was the breakdown:

          Reading 24/29
          Writing, Speaking, Listening 23/34

          That means only 63 of the 80 questions counted. 🙂

  26. Josh March 15, 2017 at 1:57 PM #

    Thank you for all that you do! I just took the praxis 5146 middle school content for Wisconsin. I need a 146 to pass. It said my total score was 151. And scores for the sections was,

    Should I go off the 151 or do you think it will be higher or lower? Thanks for the advice!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 15, 2017 at 3:15 PM #

      Hi Josh,

      Congrats on the 151! Generally, your official score should not change from your unofficial one. Although there can be rare situations, but even still, the score should not change substantially, if so. For now, I would not worry and just celebrate while waiting for the official results. Congrats again! 😀

    • Amber June 16, 2017 at 2:15 PM #

      Does it show you how many you got correct after then? I’m taking the 5146 on monday, and I was curious on average, how many out of the 120 questions I could miss to still pass

  27. Andrea March 16, 2017 at 10:48 AM #

    I had to retake the math portion of the Praxis, and the final screen when I finished said Mathematics Subtest with a 180 below it. Is this my raw score?

    • David Recine
      David Recine March 18, 2017 at 1:58 AM #

      Since the math subtest has far less than 180 questions, 180 wouldn’t be your raw score. Instead, it sounds like that’s your scaled score. Your official score should be similar It sounds like you are going to get a pretty high score then, one that is passing in most states. Way to go!

  28. Reed Grant March 16, 2017 at 3:49 PM #

    At the end of my Chemistry Praxis I (125 questions), I received a raw score of 164. The passing score in my state is 150. Did I pass? This scoring system is really confusing to me.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 17, 2017 at 4:31 AM #

      Hi Reed,

      You can’t have a 164 raw score on a 125 question test, so it looks like your estimated score is a 164! I think you can safely say you passed. 🙂 Even if the score changes, it won’t fall down to a 150.

  29. Bianca L March 21, 2017 at 7:16 AM #


    I just took the praxis II and I need a 160 to pass. My raw score is as follows…


    are you able to figure out my predicted score out of 160? Please let me know! Thanks!


    • David Recine
      David Recine March 21, 2017 at 11:27 PM #

      From the numbers you’re giving me, I can’t tell exactly which Praxis II exam you took. But I may still be able to give you an answer. Assuming that there are no constructed response questions on the exam, it looks like the exam has a total of 110 questions. And it looks like your raw score is 75/110. This comes out to 68% correct answers.

      To get your scaled score, just add 100 to the percentage. Once you’ve done that, you have an unofficial score of 168 on your Praxis II. So it looks like you’ve met and exceeded the 160 requirement. Congratulations!

  30. Logan March 21, 2017 at 11:51 AM #

    I am taking the Special Education Exam 5543, it has 93 total questions. 90 multiple choice while 3 are Integrated Constructed – Response Questions. I need a 153 to pass, I was just wondering approximately how many questions I would need to answer correctly to pass?

    Say, I get a 52/90 on the multiple choice which is a 57% and a 1 on each of the Essays, would that give me a raw score of 160?

    • David Recine
      David Recine March 21, 2017 at 11:16 PM #

      52/90 would be a 58% on the selected response portion of your exam. Since selected response is 75% of your total score, you need to calculate 58% of 75% to get the amount of percentage points that would be applied to your whole test score. So calculate 0.58*0.75. This equals 0.435, or 43.5%. So right there, you’ve earned 43.5% of your score.

      Next, your constructed response questions for Praxis 5543 are worth 25% of your whole-test score. If you get a 1 on each question, you’ve earned 33% on the constructed response section of the test. To figure out how many percentage points this contributes to your whole-test score, you need to find 33% of 25%. 0.33*0.25 = 0.0825, or 8.25%.

      8.25% + 43.5% = 51.75%, which would give you an unofficial scaled score of either 151 or 152 (your raw score would simply be 52 for selected response, and 3 for constructed response). That doesn’t quite get you to a scaled score of 160. However, if you got 64/90 in selected response, you would be just over the cutoff for a 160 on your Praxis test. Since official scores can be slightly adjusted up or down from the unofficial score, it’d be better to aim for higher than 64. And of course, with practice and luck, you should be able to get more than a 1 on your three constructed response questions.

  31. Taylor March 22, 2017 at 9:19 AM #

    Hi, I just took the Art Content Knowledge version of the Praxis. It is two sections and at the end my raw score was 50 and 25. There were 120 questions. I live in NJ so the passing score is 150.

    75/120 = 62.5%

    Did I pass?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 23, 2017 at 8:16 AM #

      Hi Taylor 🙂 You can estimate your scaled score by adding 100 to the percentage you got correct. This gives you an unofficial scaled score of 162, which is indeed passing 🙂 Nice work! That said, I would wait to celebrate until after you receive your official score report, just to be sure 🙂

  32. Xanathar March 23, 2017 at 10:47 AM #

    Hi, I took the biology 5235 praxis and I made a raw score of 161. I’m lost on how to calculate if I passed or not. The passing score is 150.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 24, 2017 at 6:59 AM #

      Hi Xanathar,

      If I am not mistaken, that exam only has 150 questions, so you cannot have a raw score of 161. Instead, I think that 161 might be your estimated score, in which case you have passed! You should wait for the official score report, but things look good. 🙂

  33. Zack March 23, 2017 at 2:54 PM #

    I took the government Praxis test and didn’t receive an unofficial score at the end of the test but did get my raw point total of 89, and there were 120 questions. If I do the percentage, it’s like 74% and I needed a 149 to pass in my state. Is it safe to estimate an unofficial score of around 170-174?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 24, 2017 at 6:58 AM #

      Hi Zack,

      I would say that you are very likely to have passed with 10+ points above that 149 you need. Nicely done! 🙂

  34. Ashley Moore March 24, 2017 at 12:38 PM #

    Hi there! I just took the general science exam and I received a raw score of 149 but I need a151 to pass. There were multiple questions (about 7) where I had to select multiple answers is it possible my official score will make the 151?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 25, 2017 at 10:42 AM #

      Hi Ashley,

      Your raw score would not be 149, but that sounds like your estimated score. It is possible that your real score will end up being 151, but if I were you, I would also start making arrangements to retake in the event that something frustrating, like a final score of 149 or 150 happens. Good luck! 🙂

  35. Heathyr March 27, 2017 at 6:38 AM #

    Hello! I just took the Art Content (5134) exam a couple days ago and received a raw score of 72/120 (51+21 questions in the two different sections), so 60% of the questions correct. I need a 160 in my state to pass, so it seems that I am exactly passing. Is it likely that this score could go down? I’m wanting to tell my future employer that I passed, but I don’t want to tell them that and have the score go down just under passing. Thank you for all of the helpful information!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 28, 2017 at 7:08 AM #

      Hi Heathyr,

      If you don’t want to tell them the wrong thing, you will need to wait for the official score to come out. You seem to be right on the border, but it depends also on whether any of the questions were unscored/experimental, and the scaling. Fingers crossed!

  36. Jim April 2, 2017 at 12:09 AM #

    I am a little confused about this whole thing. I just took the Business Education: Content knowledge test, after finishing I was informed I received a Raw score of 162. All 120 of the questions where one answer questions. I’m in PA and it says I need an official score of 154 in order to pass the test. It seems odd to just give me a raw score which does not help me understand what I actually received, then making me wait four weeks while I give myself an ulcer worrying about it. Why does it take four weeks to get an answer on my official score? For the amount of money it costs to take the test, you think they could speed it up a little.(Sorry little venting there) If you could shed so lite on this it would help because I’m sweating bullets and I need to pass this test ASAP I start student teaching in the fall.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert April 2, 2017 at 4:16 AM #

      Hi Jim,

      A 162 cannot be a raw score, because you didn’t have that many possible points. This is likely your estimated score, which means you seem to be on track to pass by quite a large margin! 🙂 Don’t take my word for it, though, and wait for that official report. (It takes a while because they have to verify that nothing was compromised across the test day nationwide before issuing scores. Plus bureaucracy.) Good luck!

  37. M0J03F0 April 3, 2017 at 10:44 AM #

    I am so lost on this Raw Score vs Scaled Score. I just took the Math 5161 and even with my bad eye sight, I swear the screen display said I had a Raw Score of 139… No one else have I met, and nowhere have I read of any person receiving a three digit Raw score. I did have an additional 18 question section on my test prior to viewing my Raw score. Has anyone else experienced this?

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 4, 2017 at 1:01 AM #

      This is a fairly common experience. Sometimes people look at their unofficial score report and misread the three digit number as the raw score, even though it’s the unofficial scaled score.

      I’m also pretty sure that sometimes the test center actually mislabels the scaled score as the raw score. It sounds like this might have happened in your case.

      You’re correct that you can’t get a raw score in the triple digits, unless the test itself has more than 100 questions.

  38. Katherine April 5, 2017 at 1:00 PM #


    I took the Health and Physical Education Praxis recently and scored an 84/130. I need a 160 to pass in NC. Do you think after all is weighted that I will be ok?

    Thank you,

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert April 5, 2017 at 11:02 PM #

      Hi Katherine,

      Just eyeballing it now, I think you’re on track to pass, but it’s a little too close for me to say that definitively. It’s looking good, but hold out for that final score report!

  39. joanna halick April 10, 2017 at 9:18 AM #

    Hi! I just took the praxis reading(5002) and scored a 156 raw score. 157 is passing!!! Do you think that I would pass

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert April 11, 2017 at 7:20 AM #

      Your official score will sometimes be the same as your unofficial score (and 156 would be your unofficial scaled score, rather than your raw score). Other times, the official score will be adjusted either up or down by 1-3 points. So it’s possible you could go up to a 157 or a little higher when you get your official score. However, there’s also a good chance your score could go down or remain the same. So hope for the best, but be prepared to retake the test too.

  40. Meg Howard April 14, 2017 at 5:45 PM #


    I just took the Praxis II Social Studies (5081) exam today. There were 130 questions and I got 69 correct, which would only give me a 53%. My unofficial score at the top was a 163. I need a 161 to pass in my state. Does it seem likely that I will pass?

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 18, 2017 at 2:32 AM #

      Although your raw score indicates something lower than 161, your unofficial score is the more trustworthy number. While unofficial scores can be adjusted either upward or downward by 1-3 points, it seems likely that you passed and will still be above 161 when the official score comes in. If you have time, prepare for a retake just in case. But you’re probably going to be OK! 🙂

  41. Paul April 17, 2017 at 7:57 AM #

    I know this has probably been answered already but I’m kind of freaking out after taking my exam. I just finished taking my Social Studies: Content Knowledge exam (5081). When i was finally done with the test it came up with a score of 167. In order to pass in my state (CT), i need a score of 162. I’m not really sure whether the 167 was an unofficial score or a raw score. I’m really hoping i passed, though i know i wont be sure until the official score report comes out. any help is appreciated. Thanks!

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 18, 2017 at 2:29 AM #

      Since 5081 has less than 100 questions, 167 would definitely be your unofficial score. It looks like you passed! Congratulations. 🙂

  42. Mark Arteza April 17, 2017 at 1:56 PM #

    Gen Science 5435. I have taken it 3 times and continue to get different scores. I have been out of college for a while as i am going into teaching through lateral entry. From my scores i got 63 raw points and earned a 150 official, 62 raw points and earned a 149 official and today i earned 67 raw points but the raw score/unoffical score on the screen was a 148. Any suggestions, this test is about to make me decide not to be a teacher, i totally feel stupid after taking it.

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 18, 2017 at 2:27 AM #

      One of the frustrating things about Praxis II exams– including General Science: Content Knowledge (5435)— is that ETS isn’t very transparent about the way in which raw scores translate into scaled scores. Obviously some questions have a greater “point weight” than others, but it can be hard to determine why or how.

      My first advice is not to feel stupid. It’s a common experience to have trouble beating the Praxis, even if you are a good and knowledgeable teacher. My suggestion here is to try to isolate the kinds of problems that you miss the most often. If you haven’t done so already, use the official study companion and the official interactive practice test to find your weaknesses. Once you know your “trouble spots” for the exam, start studying those question types and that content specifically.

  43. Mike April 21, 2017 at 5:46 PM #

    I got a 128 (Raw Score) on my math for educators. Roughly how many questions am I off to obtaining my 150 score? Roughly?

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 22, 2017 at 4:22 AM #

      If you got a 128 on Praxis C0re Math, that’d be your scaled unofficial score, not your raw score. (The raw score will not exceed the amount of actual answers on the test, and Core Math only has 56 questions.)

      A 128 unofficial score would indicate you correctly answered roughly 16 questions, getting 28% of the questions right. To get your target score of 150 next time, you’ll need to get 50% of the questions right, or 28 questions out of 56 right. So you around 12 questions away from success.

      It’s good to “overshoot” a little on the retake. To make sure you don’t drop below 150 if your official score is adjusted downward, I’d say aim for around 55% or more correct questions next time, or 31 questions right.

      In short, you’re perhaps 13 questions way from possibly passing, and around 15 questions short of definitely passing. Does this make sense?

  44. Mr. Worried April 22, 2017 at 12:28 AM #

    I recently took the Prodessional School Counselor Exam and received an unofficial score of 158. In my state I needed a 156. It was all multiple choice. Do you think my score will change or should I be okay?

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 22, 2017 at 4:13 AM #

      You’re probably OK. While there is a small chance your score could drop down below 156, official scores for Praxis are usually either the same as the unofficial score or slightly higher.

  45. Ramona Smith April 29, 2017 at 12:16 PM #

    I took the admin test 5411 and at the end of the test the screen showed 153 as the score. I am confused about whether this is my raw or scaled score? It was 110 questions on the test and some questions did not go toward the number of questions right. I am in SC where 145 is needed to pass. Help please!! I will not get my scores for another two weeks.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 1, 2017 at 3:43 AM #

      Hi Ramona,

      The score you saw at the end of your exam, 153, is your unofficial scaled score. Your raw score is simply the number of questions you answered correctly out of 110. On the other hand, your scaled score, based on the percentage of answers you get right, can range from 100 – 200. Typically, the unofficial and official scores do not differ by more than a couple of points, if at all. So, based on what you’ve said, congratulations on passing the exam! 🙂 You’ll have to wait to get your official scores to officially celebrate but for now, know that your unofficial scaled score is 153.

  46. Samantha May 1, 2017 at 6:18 PM #

    I took the Praxis II Music Knowledge & Content test today. It was in 2 sections. 30 questions- listening multiple choice. Then 90 questions- history, theory, performance, pedagogy. My score at the top was 148. The breakdown did not tell me how many were possible in each specific area tested, but it listed 30 for pedagogy, 13 for performance 11 for history, and 10 for theory. That equals 64 raw points. Which according to the formula should be a scaled score of 153? I need a 157 to pass for my state. The first part of the test was a listening section. Could my unofficial score possibly not have included the listening portion? What I scored on the listening section was not reported to me at the end- raw or scaled, unless it was mixed in with the other scores. Any ideas?

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 2, 2017 at 4:19 AM #

      You’re right. A 64/120 would nornally be a 153, not a 148. I don’t think the issue here is Listening, though. If you look on page 5 of the Praxis II Music Content and Knowledge (5113) Study Companion, you’ll see that listening is actually a subcategory of Theory & Composition. So listening points would probably not be listed separately.

      So why did you get a 148? Likely you missed some questions that have greater-than-average point weight. There’s also some possibility that your score was adjusted downward because the mix of questions you got was less difficult compared to other mixes. This kind of adjustment is much less likely for unofficial scores, though.

  47. Shannon May 11, 2017 at 3:12 PM #

    I took praxis 5169 today and received an unofficial score of 161. I need a 165 for my state. Have you ever seen any adjustments jump to 165 for official results? There were many open questions where I entered numeric answers as well as “select all that apply” questions.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 12, 2017 at 5:18 AM #

      It is possible, but a 4 point jump is less common than 1 or 2 points. Keep your fingers crossed, and I hope all goes well! 🙂

  48. Tomeka brown May 12, 2017 at 5:40 AM #

    Hi I took the praxis ll 5101 business exam yesterday which was 120 questions my state requires a passing score of 154 at the end of the test my score was 141 did I pass or do I have to retake it?

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 13, 2017 at 1:17 AM #

      Unfortunately, Tomeka, it sounds like you’ll need to retake the exam. A 141 would be your unofficial scaled score, not your raw score. Your official score will be the same as your unofficial scaled one, or very close to it. So from what you’ve told me, you will definitely fall short of the required 154 points.

  49. Amber May 12, 2017 at 5:29 PM #

    I took my praxis ii content knowlede elementary education 5018 today and my scores were as followed out of 140 questions

    Eng/lan. arts- 27/49
    Social studies-5/25

    From my calculations I received 70/140 raw points which would be 50%. At the top of my score report it said 162, a passing score in my state is 163. Since I got half of my problems right could my scale score be 163 when they are made official……or is what I see is what i get?

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 13, 2017 at 1:00 AM #

      Interesting. It looks like they counted your 50% correct score as 62%, for a 162. This likely means that some of the questions had a different point weight than others. And you must have missed some less valuable questions, while answering more weighted questions correctly. That’s great news!

      I also have some other news that is somewhat hopeful. It’s not uncommon for your unofficial score to be adjusted on the official score report. When adjustments happen, the score usually goes up. So it is definitely possible that you could get a slight bump and reach that 163 in your official score.

      However, it’s also possible your score could remain at 162, or go slightly down. So my advice to you is to hope for the best, but also be prepared for a retake if need be.

      • Amber Slacks June 15, 2017 at 4:19 PM #


        I took the praxis test again yesterday for the 2nd time and I passed! With a 163, which is whats required in Louisiana.

        Going back to my original scores even though it was 140 questions on the test my score report was out of 119!

        They were
        Reading 27/41
        Math 25/41
        SS 5/21
        Sci 13/21

        Even though i have not received my official scores Im assuming its set up the same way my scores were

        Reading 32/41
        Math 23/36
        SS 9/21
        Sci 13/21

        Which gave me 163! Is there any chance of a decrease in score?

        • David Recine
          David Recine June 16, 2017 at 6:21 AM #

          The interesting thing is the way the actual number of questions seems to fluctuate in your different score reports. At some point, I think I’ll contact Praxis customer service and ask them if they know why that is.

          In the meantime– yes, there is a chance your unofficial score of 163 could decrease on the official score report. However, it’s much more common for unofficial scores to stay the same or slightly increase. So you’ve probably passed. And if not, you’re almost there.

  50. Aria Blank May 13, 2017 at 11:27 PM #

    So I just completed by Praxis School Psychology 5402 exam – and I must say I’m completely confused. After reading through this site prior to taking the test, I figured that, roughly, my final actual score (ie on the 100-200 scale) would basically be my percentage correct plus 100. I need a 147 here in Canada to “pass.” After completing the exam, my score popped up as 180. So I immediately got excited and assumed I’d passed. But when I looked at my raw score (for curiosity’s sake) I got 86 correct, out of 140 questions. All the questions were single response multiple choice options, and as far as I was told, all questions are weighted equally. So not such a great score after all – 61% or so. And if I use your formula, I’d get a 161 as my final score- quite different from the 180 I was quoted. Can you explain the discrepancy? I’d SO love to not have to re-take the exam, but now I don’t trust the scores at all and am completely confused by what they mean. Help!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 14, 2017 at 5:07 AM #

      Hi Aria,

      We don’t have full details about the scoring, but you have absolutely gotten your minimum 147 regardless of whether this 180 turns out to be incorrect or not. I suspect that some of the questions you answered were unscored/research questions, too. I would be thrilled if I were you, because it seems that your Praxis journey is over!

  51. Kasey Kozak May 15, 2017 at 4:36 PM #

    When taking the SLP Praxis, the score that flashed up at the end of 161. I need a 162 score to pass. Did I fail?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 16, 2017 at 4:47 AM #

      Hi Kasey,

      In most cases, your unofficial score (the one you see at the end of the exam) and your official score (on your score report) do not vary. However, it is possible for your official score to be one or two points above or below the unofficial score. So, while it is highly likely that your official score is 161, I would wait until you receive your official score to make sure.

  52. Carsyn May 16, 2017 at 12:48 PM #

    Hello, I just took the Praxis (1025) Early Childhood. I scored a 140 Raw. My state requires a 150. Do you think I passed or failed?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 17, 2017 at 11:44 PM #

      Hi Carsyn,

      Typically, your unofficial score (the one you see at the end of the exam) and your official score (on your score report) do not vary much, if at all. With that in mind, unfortunately, most likely you did not pass the exam this time. I know that can be disappointing to hear, but I’m happy to help a little regarding what to do from here 🙂 Particularly, here are some posts from our blog on retaking the Praxis and how to approach preparing for a retake:

      How Many Times Can I Retake the Praxis?
      What to do When You’ve Failed the Praxis
      Retaking the Praxis

      I hope the ideas in those posts are useful 🙂

  53. Angie Moore May 17, 2017 at 6:31 AM #

    Morning! I’m taking the English Content Knowledge Praxis (5038). I took an ETS practice test and got 98 out of 130 correct. This would be a 75.4. Does the formula of adding 100 points to that ring true for this particular test? I’ll need 170 to pass I believe (in VA).

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 21, 2017 at 1:46 AM #

      The 100+(percentage correct) should hold true here, since the test is 100% selected-response. If you perform similarly on the real exam– or better, ideally– then you have a very good chance at passing. Nice!

  54. Kelly May 17, 2017 at 9:11 PM #

    I took the praxis 2 elementary education content knowledge test 5018 today. My scores on the screen after were:
    English/Language Art: 26
    Social Studies: 6
    Science: 8
    With my math that gave me 65. But it also said on the screen 156. I need a 157 to pass. Is there any hope?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 17, 2017 at 11:47 PM #

      Hi Kelly 🙂

      As we’ve mentioned before, while your unofficial and official scores are often the same, it’s possible for your official score to be one or two points above or below the unofficial score. So, while it is likely that your official score is 156, I would wait until you receive your official score to see if you passed or not.

      I hope this helps, at least a little!

  55. Patty May 18, 2017 at 5:09 PM #

    Hi, I took the Praxis Core today. Got a 172 on Reading, 132 on Math ; ( and not sure about writing…. I had to get a 156 on Reading, so did I pass? Or is it possible some questions were supposed to count as 2? And how good does the essay have to be so score decent? I got my 4-5 paragraphs, but sheeze…’s been a long time since I had to write an essay and I thought it would have came to me much easier!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 19, 2017 at 9:52 AM #

      Hi Patty! I’m happy to help 🙂 Your score of 172 on the Reading is your unofficial scaled score. Typically, a test-taker’s official and unofficial score do not vary much, if at all, so you should expect your official score report to read 172 for Reading and 132 for Math. That means that yes, you did pass the Reading! Regarding the Writing portion, I recommend checking out the guidelines and examples in the Study Companion (starting on page 29) to get a better idea of how the essays are scored. Overall, your essays should be well-organized with a clear thesis and points that support this thesis. As that is a bit vague, I definitely recommend checking out the sample responses to get a better idea of what is expected 🙂 I hope this helps, at least a little! And congrats on taking the Praxis Core!!

      • Renata May 20, 2017 at 7:15 PM #

        Hi! I took the praxis 5169 middle school assessment today and got 170… I know my state Nevada requires 165 …. could the score go down or is it safe to say that I passed? Thank u!!!!!

        • David Recine
          David Recine May 21, 2017 at 1:30 AM #

          The score could go down a little. But it’s very unusual for an official score to go down 5 points from the unofficial one. It seems pretty safe to say you’ve passed. Congratulations! 🙂

  56. Tia S May 20, 2017 at 2:09 PM #

    I’ve just taken the Praxis Math 5732 and received a raw score of 148, with state requirements being 150. Is it likely that I’ve passed? How likely is ot they go up a point or two?

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 21, 2017 at 1:40 AM #

      Exams sometimes are adjusted upward by a point or two. I’d say you have about a 50/50 chance of this happening. So there is hope. But you should also prepare for a retake of 5732, in case it’s necessary.

  57. Kara Goins Adkins May 20, 2017 at 5:56 PM #

    I took my Praxis II Middle School math (5169) in Virginia and I’m totally lost on this whole score thing.
    I am pretty sure that I failed, wanted to ask you to help me translate these numbers and some advice for next time I take it how to answer all of the questions before I run out of time. I was only able to answer like 43 or 44 questions.
    I believe there are 55 total.

    Here is what the screen said:

    144. Raw Points

    Arithmetic & Algebra =. 16
    Geometry & Data = 7

    • David Recine
      David Recine May 21, 2017 at 1:35 AM #

      Although your screen said you got 144 “raw” points, 144 would actually have to be your official scaled score. The raw score only represents the number of questions you answered correctly, so a true raw score wouldn’t have more than 55 points.

      You are– unfortunately– correct that you failed. Virginia requires a 165 in Praxis Middle School Math. Your official score be very similar to your unofficial scaled score of 144, so you’ve fallen short of the requirement. I’m sorry to be the bearer of bad news. There is some good news though– many teachers have mastered Praxis 5169 on the re-take. Get studying, and you’ll get there.

  58. Ann May 22, 2017 at 11:50 AM #

    Hi I took praxis II middle school content. I received a 137 and need a 146 to pass in Wisconsin. Can you explain how they grade these test?
    Reading: 13
    Math: 13
    Social studies: 10
    Science: 13

    Thank you!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 27, 2017 at 1:23 AM #

      Hi Ann!

      Happy to help. 🙂 There are 120 questions on the Praxis II Middle School Content exam, which are all worth the same value. That said, there may be some questions that are not counted towards your final score. The questions are divided approximately evenly among the four topics, so that there are about 30 reading questions, 30 math questions, 30 social science questions, and 30 science questions. The scores you’ve asked about (R: 13, M: 13; SS: 10; S: 13) are your raw scores for each section. The scores are presented like this so that you can see how well you performed on each subject, while your final score takes into account your overall performance and is not determined by subject.

      An easy way to estimate your scaled score from your raw score is to calculate the percentage of questions you answered correctly and add 100. Based on your scores, your total raw score was

      13 + 13 + 10 + 13 = 49/120 = 41%

      This is an approximate scaled score of 141, although, as you can see, the scaled score can vary due to equating.

      For more information, I recommend checking out the ETS page on the Middle School Content exam and also the ETS Study Companion (pdf) for the exam. 🙂

      I hope this helps!

  59. Shana May 24, 2017 at 5:06 PM #

    I scored 68/90 on the Special Education Content Knowledge and Mild to Moderate Applications. I need a 153 to pass. What does my score translate too?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 25, 2017 at 7:12 AM #

      Hi Shana,

      A quick way to estimate your scaled score is to find the percentage of questions you answered correct and add 100:

      68/90 = 75.55%

      Estimated scaled score = 100 + 75 = 175

      Based on this estimate, you have passed your Praxis exam 🙂 Your scaled score will be confirmed when you receive your official score report, which is available about 2 weeks after your exam. 🙂

  60. Mia May 26, 2017 at 7:29 PM #

    How kind of you to help everyone figure out their scores! I’ve read through all of them hoping to see the same test I took to be able to go off your advice for that person, but alas I did not see another. So here’s my situation:

    I took the World/US history (5941). At the end of my exam it gave 5 scores: 16, 18, 26, 23, 24. I believe the fifth score would be my historical thinking skills, which are included within the total question set but accounts for 25% of the questions. The other four are each worth 25% of the exam. The exam had 120 questions. I need a 136 to pass or 68%. From my calculations I think I scored an 83/120 which would calculate to roughly 69%, which would mean I passed. Do you think that is an accurate assessment?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 27, 2017 at 1:44 AM #

      Hi Mia 🙂

      Happy to help! Yes, you are totally right, There are five content categories for the World/US History exam:

      I. World History to 1450 CE
      II. World History 1450 CE to Present
      III. US History to 1877
      IV. US History 1877 to Present
      V. Historical Thinking Skills

      Each section has approximately 30 questions (25% of the exam). As you mentioned, the questions from the fifth section, “Historical Thinking Skills,” are part of the other 4 sections. So, while there are about 30 “Historical Thinking Skills,” they are distributed among the other four sections, for a total of 120 questions. All of the questions are weighted the same.

      As you mentioned, with a score of 83/120, you likely passed! However, since the scaled score can also vary depending on equating by ETS, I would wait for your official score report to make sure. 🙂

      I hope this helps!

      • Mia June 6, 2017 at 7:19 AM #

        Thank you very much for your help. I wanted to follow up and let you know that I scored a 170, well above what I needed to pass. Thank you again.

  61. Ben May 28, 2017 at 4:59 PM #

    I just took a practice test for the the Praxis 5362. I answered 93 correct out of 120 questions. How can I know if I am ready for the real deal? Approximately how many questions do I need to answer correctly to pass?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 29, 2017 at 2:23 AM #

      Great question, Ben! 🙂 Passing Praxis scores are different in every state, as they’re set by individual state departments of education.

      You can look up your state’s requirement for Praxis 5362 (English to Speakers of Other Languages) on the official Praxis State Requirements website. To figure out if you’ve passed, there’s a simple way to estimate your score. Your final score will be– approximately– the percentage of questions you got right, plus 100.

      In your case, a score of 93/120 is 77.5%. So if your state’s Praxis requirement for English Speakers of other Languages is 177 or lower, you’ve probably passed.

      Although I don’t know what state you’re in, I can tell you that a 177 on the Praxis II is a passing score for most exams in most states. 🙂 Hopefully your state also considers you score to be passing. And either way, congratulations on getting an excellent Praxis Subject Assessment score, by national standards.

  62. Ashley June 12, 2017 at 12:52 PM #

    Hi!!! I just finished the Praxis Two for family & consumer sciences and it said – NS, but gave me a raw score of 71 (out of 120 questions). Some of the questions had more than one right answer (choose two or three). When I called, they said it said “NS” because it was a new version of the test. My state needs a 153 to pass — and I have I job offer that will become official if I passed. Does it appear that I did?

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 15, 2017 at 7:56 AM #

      71/120 translates into 59%, if you assume that every question is work the same amount of points. This would be a 159, again assuming each question is worth the same amount of points.

      Of course, as you’ve mentioned, it’s likely that NOT all questions are worth the same amount of points, due to variations in question format. If you missed a small amount of multiple answer questions, you’re probably still safe. If you missed a moderate amount of multiple answer questions, your official score might land very close to 153, and possibly below it. And of course, if you missed quite a few of the multiple answer questions, failing by a few points is a distinct possibility.

      There definitely is a lot of hope that you’ve passed. But you should probably prepare for a retake, just in case. Fingers crossed. And congratulations on that job offer, either way!

  63. BZ June 14, 2017 at 7:38 AM #

    I took the Family and Consumer Sciences Praxis II the day. My raw score was 90. There are 120 questions. Do you think I passed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 15, 2017 at 7:50 AM #

      A score of 90/120 in Family and Consumer Sciences is a score of 75% correct. This translates into an unofficial scaled score of 175. Your official score will probably also be 175, or something close to 175. This is a high score by the standards of most states. Nice work! As to whether your passed, that depends on the requirements in your state. If your state requires a 175 or less on Family and Consumer Sciences, you’ve passed. You can check your state’s requirements on the official Praxis State requirements web page.

  64. James June 14, 2017 at 7:45 PM #

    So I just took the Pennsylvania Grades 4-8 Core Assesment (praxis 5152) today and received the following unofficial scores: Pedagogy 182, English/Social Studies 149, and Mathematics/Science 160. According to the Pennsylvania standards for passing I only passed the Pedagogy test. After reading through “Understanding Your Praxis Scores 2016-2017” I found out about the standard error of measurement. According to ETS the tests I took have standard of error of measurements.
    1. Pedagogy 6
    2. English/Social Studies 8.3
    3. Mathematics/Science 8.3

    Do you happen to know what those errors could technically do to my unofficial scores listed above?

    Thank you very much,

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 15, 2017 at 7:46 AM #

      Unfortunately, the standard error of measurement can’t be used to change official Praxis scores. The standard error of measurement doesn’t represent an error in scoring on any one individual test. Instead, this error indicates how much differently you might score if you took a different version of the exam. Since you get a different mix of questions– a different version, in other words– on every exam, the standard error of measurement says something about how you might do on a retake. Statistically, if you retake the Praxis 5152, your new scores are likely to be within 6 points or less of your original pedagogy scores, and within 8.3 points or less of your original scores in the English/Social Studies and Mathematics/Science parts of the exam. Does this make sense? (It’s a tricky concept, so if you still have more questions, ask away. 🙂 )

      • James June 15, 2017 at 10:31 AM #

        Yes that makes complete sense! That’s for helping lowering my anxiety!

  65. Susan June 16, 2017 at 8:54 AM #


    Yesterday, I took the SS Content Knowledge Test for Elementary licensure. My state requires a 155; my on-screen score was a 154. Previously, my reported score was 153 from the last time I took it. Do you think there is a chance I will receive a 155 when final scores are released? This is the last test needed for my licensure.

  66. Tomeka brown June 18, 2017 at 3:28 PM #

    The business 5101 exam is 120 questions how many of them you have to get correct to pass the exam. My state requires a154, and what study material I can use besides the one from ets and the study companion because I didn’t find that so helpful.

    • David Recine
      David Recine June 18, 2017 at 7:47 PM #

      Your scaled score is percentage of questions right + 100. So you’d need at least 65 out of 120 to get a 154 or higher. Official scores can be adjusted slightly, so aim for above 65 to make sure you get your target score.

  67. Charlie June 30, 2017 at 12:20 PM #

    Hi, I took the Praxis II Theatre Exam (5641) a few weeks ago. At the end, my raw score popped up (88 out of 120), but no unofficial score was there. My state’s min score for Theatre is 157. When I calculated my average, it was 73%. In your opinion, does that mean I passed? Would my weighted score be 173?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 3, 2017 at 2:18 AM #

      Hi Charlie! Your score may be in the 169-175 neighborhood, and I feel pretty comfortable saying it seems to me that you would get that 157 easily. Of course, anything I say is not binding, and you should wait for that official report. But it’s looking good! 🙂

      • Charlie Goodrich July 3, 2017 at 6:15 AM #

        Great! Thank you so much! 🙂

  68. Mark July 7, 2017 at 8:26 PM #

    On the chemistry content Praxis, I scored 181 out of 200. The average performance range is 148 to 175. I’m curious to find out what percentile I scored in. Do you know a way to convert the average performance range to a standard deviation? Or any other ways to estimate the percentile my score was?

    I can’t quite figure this out. My best guess is based on the fact that the range 148 to 175 has a mean of 160.5 and covers less than a +/- 1 SD range (since we know 68% of test scores should fall within 1 SD). According to Praxis results, 50% of test takers scored within +/- 13.5 points of this mean. So there are only 25% of test scores above 175, so my score must be less than the 25th percentile. I am 6 points above the 25th percentile score, so I’m guessing probably between the 15th and 20th percentile. Do you have any way to be more precise?
    I’ll be taking at least another two Praxis tests, so it would be interesting to know.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 10, 2017 at 12:15 PM #

      Hi Mark,

      It’s great to hear from a student who puts so much thought into how competitive their Praxis score is. Your educated guesses about your percentile range seem like they could be correct, although it’s hard to know for sure. As you make these estimations, it may help know that if you are in the top 15% of test-takers, ETS will actually notify you of this.

      If you want to figure out exactly which percentile you’re in, though, I recommend directly contacting Praxis customer service. Hopefully, they’d be able to provide some additional insight.

  69. Aja July 10, 2017 at 3:46 PM #

    I have a question about what my score is. I took the practice test that I bought when I registered to take the actual Praxis test and I’m trying to figure out if what I scored is good or if I need to keep practicing. I took the practice Praxis Core Reading Test (5712) and got 32 out of 56. I was reading some of the comments above and was trying to figure it out myself. Tell me if I’m right. So 32/56= .571, so then my score would be like 157? I don’t think that’s right, but please correct me if I’m wrong. Thanks, I really appreciate it!

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 11, 2017 at 5:16 PM #

      You’re right, Aja. That’s approximately a 157. If your state’s Praxis requirement is at or just above 157, you might be OK. But since scores can be adjusted by a few points after the raw and unofficial scoring, it’s best to aim for at least three points above your state’s requirement.

  70. Robin Schultz July 12, 2017 at 1:40 PM #

    This is all new to me. I need a 148 to pass the Biology Content Knowledge Praxis. How many questions do I need to get right in order to have a passing score?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 13, 2017 at 8:46 AM #

      Happy to help, Robin. 🙂 Your scaled Praxis score will be approximately the percentage of answers you get right, plus 100. That means you need to answer about 48% of the questions correctly to have a shot at a passing score.

      Praxis II Biology Content Knowledge (5235) has 125 questions. To get exactly 48%, you need to answer 60 questions correctly. However, it’s important to remember that your final official score may be adjusted by a few points. To be absolutely safe, I’d aim for at least 5 percentage points more than the minimum you need for 48%. 67 questions right would get you to 53 or 54 percent. So 67+ questions or more is probably ideal.

  71. David M July 12, 2017 at 8:34 PM #

    I have a question… I just took the Praxis II language arts content test. My raw score was a combined 72 and the unofficial score was 167. I need a 167 to pass… Is it safe to say I passed, or should I continue to study just in case I failed.

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 13, 2017 at 8:38 AM #

      With an unofficial score of 167, the odds that you passed are greater than 50%. Scores can be adjusted by a few points when the official score is calculated, but they’re more likely to be adjusted up than down. I would still do some studying for a retake just in case. The odds are in your favor, but you’re definitely not fully guaranteed a 167+ score.

  72. Leslie July 12, 2017 at 8:46 PM #

    I took the Praxis 2 Middle School Science test a few weeks okay and am a bit confused as I go to retest. The number of questions was 125. However the total raw points available was: 100. and I got 59 of them. My score came out to be a 138 and I need a 150 in my state to pass. By the things said here how did that work out?

    • David Recine
      David Recine July 13, 2017 at 8:33 AM #

      That is very strange, Leslie. 59/100 would be 59%, or a 159. 59/125 would be 47%, or a 147. And regardless, there shouldn’t be 100 raw points. There really should be 125 raw points for this exam.

      It’s possible these irregularities come from some kind of computer readout error on test day. There also may have been a number of “experimental” questions on the test that didn’t count toward your score, and/or a number of questions that were worth more points than others.

      This is unusual enough that I would honestly recommend contacting Praxis customer service. Hopefully, they’ll have some additional insights into this seemingly contradictory score information.

  73. Tina July 13, 2017 at 8:18 PM #

    Good evening, I took the Praxis for Special Education 5354. The score on the screen was 162 I am not entirely sure if this is RAW or Unofficial (there were 120 questions on the test). The passing score needed in my state is 151. Passing this test is necessary for employment. Please give me your opinion.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 20, 2017 at 11:50 AM #

      Hi Tina! That was an unofficial score, so things are looking good for you! 🙂

  74. Clint July 15, 2017 at 11:11 AM #

    I just took the practice test for Fundamental Subjects: Content Knowledge (5511) that I purchased when I registered for the real test, which I’m taking next week. I got 71 out of 120 correct. My question is does the formula for dividing then adding 100 work on this test like it does the other Praxis tests? If so, I believe that will give me a 159. My state requires a 148 to pass. Thanks!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 20, 2017 at 11:49 AM #

      Hi Clint,

      Yes, that estimation technique still works, so looks like you did well! Nice job. 🙂

  75. Kim S July 15, 2017 at 2:59 PM #


    I just took Praxis 5354. There was 120 questions, and at the end it told me that I had a raw score of 181. That doesn’t really seem right considering there was only 120 questions.I live in Colorado and need 151 to pass. Any way you could help me understand my score, and give insight on whether I passed?

    Thanks so so much!!

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 20, 2017 at 11:48 AM #

      That was not a raw score but rather an official score on the 100-200 scale. So nice job! 🙂

  76. Tarah R July 19, 2017 at 6:28 PM #

    My unofficial scores for the praxis core were 200 in reading and 190 in math. How many would that mean I missed on each test??

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 20, 2017 at 11:50 AM #

      Hi Tarah,

      If your unofficial scores were 200 and 190, you missed almost nothing because the scale is 100-200! Amazing work! 🙂

  77. Brett July 22, 2017 at 1:57 PM #

    Hey I just finished the math 5169 praxis. I made an unofficial score of 148 which is what I needed in Alabama to teach it. What are the chances that the score is adjusted down?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 26, 2017 at 9:14 PM #

      Hi Brett,

      There is always a chance that the number will shift a point or two — in either direction. It has been a few days since you asked this, so all I have to offer is my crossed fingers and best wishes! 🙂

  78. quinn July 24, 2017 at 6:42 AM #

    Hi, I just took the Early childhood education ( 5025) and received a Raw Score of 170. and I don’t really understand how that correlates to my official score. In my state I need a 156 to pass, do you think I passed?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 26, 2017 at 9:11 PM #

      Hi Quinn,

      Because that exam has a total of 120 questions, your 170 would not be a raw score but actually your unofficial scaled score! So, it is looking very positive for you! That would mean when you needed just a 156, you potentially got a 170. 🙂

  79. ciftib July 24, 2017 at 3:13 PM #

    I took the Praxis Earth and Space Science (5571) this pass Saturday and at the end of the test it showed that my score was 116. according to ets, this was the raw score. out of 125 questions that would mean that I scored 92.8 percent. My state requires that I acheive a score of 157. Does my score represent a pass or fail?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 26, 2017 at 9:10 PM #

      Hello! On your exam, you got 116/125 and all of the questions are “selected-response questions,” meaning the computer knows how you did immediately. This means you did really well! I am fairly confident when I say you passed, and I would estimate your score to come to around 190. 🙂

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