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Praxis Raw Scores

In this post, we’ll look at Praxis raw scores: what they are, how they’re calculated, and how they’re different from unofficial and official scores.

What is a Praxis raw score, and how is it calculated?

A Praxis raw score is a “question count.” It measures the number of questions that you answered completely and correctly on the exam. Praxis raw scores are calculated only from selected response questions–questions that are multiple choice or numeric entry. Constructed response questions–essay questions and written short answer questions–are not included in your raw score. This is because constructed response questions are not simply correct or incorrect; instead, they’re graded on a rubric. (For more information, see my earlier post on selected response and constructed response questions.)

So if you take a Praxis exam that is 100% selected response, your raw score will give you some idea of how you did on the entire exam. Take the Elementary Education: Content Knowledge exam. All 140 questions on this test are multiple choice or numeric entry. So if you get a raw score of 98, it means you got 98 questions correct—this would be 70% of the total number of questions on the exam.

On the other hand, Praxis exams such as the PLT have both a  selected response section and a constructed response section. So if you take a test like the Praxis PLT for Grades 5-9, your raw score will not be calculated based on your performance on all the questions; it will only be taken from this exam’s 70 multiple choice questions. The four constructed response questions at the end of the exam will not be part of your raw score because those questions are graded based on quality, not based on whether your answer is correct/incorrect. Say you get a raw score of 65 on PLT 5-9. This only means that you successfully answered 93% of the questions in the initial multiple choice section of the exam. The raw score won’t tell you anything about your performance in the second section with the four constructed response questions.

How is your Praxis raw score different from your unofficial and official Praxis scores?

You’ll be shown your Praxis raw score on test day, right after you complete the Praxis exam. Alongside your raw score, you’ll see your unofficial score. And you’ll get your official scores 2 to 4 weeks later, depending on the exam. (See my the Magoosh Praxis Blog post “When Do I Get my Praxis Exam Results?”)

Your Praxis raw score has one unique trait that separates it from both the unofficial and official score. Unlike your other Praxis scores, the raw score measures the number of questions you got right, not the number of correct answers. This is an important distinction because on the Praxis, certain questions have more than one answer. If a Praxis question asks you to select two answers, and you only choose one of the two answers correctly, this would count as one wrong question in your raw score calculation. But your unofficial and official scores are based on the answers you get right. Both unofficial and official scoring would count that question as half-correct, with one right answer and one wrong one.

Your raw score and your unofficial score also both have one important thing in common: both of these scores are derived exclusively from your performance on selected response questions. Only official scores include the rubric-based grades you receive for constructed responses.

The takeaway

You, your school, and your potential employers will all want to know how you did on the Praxis as soon as possible. Your raw scores and your unofficial scores both give you some insight into your Praxis performance right away, before your official scores arrive. Understanding the relationship between your raw, unofficial, and official scores is very important as you consider your Praxis performance and the impact it will have on your teacher training, teacher licensure, and future career. For more in-depth information, check out the following two posts:

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48 Responses to Praxis Raw Scores

  1. Gwen Orel August 9, 2016 at 4:39 PM #

    H there im really puzzled I’ve taken two exams and in both cases my raw score was higher than the number of questions on the exam. There was no unofficial score posted, jsut numbers by section which since I couldn’t go back and look didn’t really mean much to me. I don’t know what to thnk, one was 196 and one was 197. The passing scaled scores for those tests is 167 and 153. Is there any way to figure out if I’ve passed?

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 13, 2016 at 6:28 PM #

      That does sound a little strange. Gwen, which Praxis tests did you take? Was this the Praxis Core, or one of the Praxis II/Subject area tests? Let me know, and I’ll see if I can get to the bottom of this for you.

      • Mark DeBruhl August 15, 2016 at 8:00 AM #

        I have the same question. I took the test on Aug 13, 2016 in The Business Assessment (5101) and it told me I had a raw score of 188, but there were only 120 questions.

        • David Recine
          David Recine August 22, 2016 at 12:39 PM #

          The 188 you saw is likely not your raw score, but rather your unofficial scaled score, which would be given in a range between 100-200. An unofficial scaled score of 188 would indicate that your answered 88% of the questions correctly. If the official score is adjusted at all, it will be adjusted by 1-3 points, probably upward rather than downward. Congratulations!

  2. Megan Eborn November 10, 2016 at 1:16 PM #

    I took the praxis 5001 the other day and got the following scores:


    I didn’t get an unofficial score because they said the test was a newer test and they didn’t have anything to compare it to. Can I still use your formula to compute an unofficial score? I’m worried about reading and math. Thanks!

    • David Recine
      David Recine November 13, 2016 at 5:29 PM #

      You should still be able to use my formula to compute the unofficial score, yes. 🙂 Just be sure to check the official Praxis 5001 Study Companion for the total number of questions on the test and each subtest.

  3. tete March 26, 2017 at 4:54 AM #

    only score I seen was 118 is this raw score or scaled state require 150 I believe and there was 56 questions on test for math

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 28, 2017 at 7:07 AM #

      Hi Tete! If your exam had 56 questions, the 118 looks like an estimated scaled score.

  4. Ericka June 16, 2017 at 9:57 AM #

    I just finished taking praxis 5857. My unofficial score was 158 and my raw score is 72. I need a 160 in Louisiana to pass. Any ideals will my score change from the 158 or is that my final score.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert June 17, 2017 at 3:21 AM #

      Hi Ericka,

      It is not uncommon for a one or two point discrepancy, so there is a chance you’ll reach the 160, but I would start making arrangements in case that does not happen, either. It’s a coin toss at this point. Good luck! 🙂

  5. Charmin2u June 19, 2017 at 9:36 AM #

    Hi, I took the Praxis 5435 : my raw score was 129, Did i pass? There were 135 questions

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert June 21, 2017 at 12:52 PM #

      Hi Charmin,

      It is hard to say if you passed because we do not know what score you needed. Are you sure you got a raw score of 129, or was that your estimated score? If that is a raw score, you very definitely passed! If that is an estimated scaled score, you probably have not met the requirements to pass.

  6. Katherine August 2, 2017 at 12:10 PM #

    If I received a 90 out of 120 raw score on a practice test, what might that be estimated unofficial score on the technology education praxis (5051)?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 8, 2017 at 1:45 PM #

      Hi Katherine,

      Because the test is comprised of 120 selected-response questions, 90/120 should yield approximately a 175 on the Praxis scale. 🙂

      • salmar August 14, 2017 at 7:54 AM #

        I got a 83/120 on the early childhood praxis (5025) practice test.
        my state passing score is 156. could you please help me interpret my score? is this passing?

        • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
          Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 14, 2017 at 10:48 AM #

          Hi Salmar, it looks like you did! That would be approximately a 166 score, so nicely done! 🙂

          • Becky Triplett December 9, 2017 at 9:41 AM #

            So if I took the 5004 Social Studies practice test and scored 34 out of 55, I would have a 161?

          • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
            Magoosh Test Prep Expert December 12, 2017 at 6:15 AM #

            Hi Becky,

            It is not guaranteed, but that is the approximation we would give, yes. 🙂

      • Rebekah November 30, 2017 at 8:27 PM #

        I recently took a practice test for praxis 5354 (special education) I got 88 out of 120 questions right. How close is that to a passing grade of 151 ?
        Also what number of answers correct should I be shooting for?

        • David Recine
          David Recine December 1, 2017 at 11:17 AM #

          TO get your estimated final score, take the percentage of answers you got right, and add 100. 88/120 is 73% correct, which translates roughly into 173. It looks like you passed with flying colors, Rebekah! Nice! 🙂

  7. Gina August 12, 2017 at 1:25 PM #

    I just completed the praxis core math for VA, my Raw score noted on the screen was 138, what does this means~passing or not. I really don’t understand how to break it down

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 14, 2017 at 10:50 AM #

      Hi Gina,

      This sounds like an estimated score, so if a 138 is passing in your state, you’re on track. If you need higher than a 138, you will likely need to prepare for a retake. Good luck!

  8. Zuki August 15, 2017 at 9:20 AM #

    Hey I just got done with the praxis 5622 K-5 PLT but I ran out of time and did not get to respond to 1 of the essay questions. Does this mean I failed?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 16, 2017 at 1:45 PM #

      Hi Zuki,

      I am not sure how they handle this type of situation, but I would expect that you did not pass. :/ Wait for the results to be sure, but definitely start making arrangements to retake. Good luck!

  9. Shemekia August 25, 2017 at 6:45 PM #

    Hey! I just took the praxis today (5354) special education exam.. there was a total of a 120 multiple choice questions. My raw score was 150, but in the state of sc I need a 151 to pass.. do that mean I didn’t meet the requirements?

    Thanks in advance,

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 28, 2017 at 4:16 PM #

      Hi Shemekia,

      It means you might have just fallen short, but you might also get a 1 point bump when the official report comes out. This will be a waiting game for you, unfortunately. Good luck!

  10. nuella September 12, 2017 at 4:04 PM #

    hey, i took praxis 5421 and my raw score was 148. there were a 120 questions. does it mean i failed?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert September 14, 2017 at 5:15 PM #

      Hi Nuella,

      I don’t know what a passing score is in your case, but it is likely that a 148 won’t quite make it for you. This is you unofficial score, but it is usually pretty close to the final outcome. :/

  11. Madison September 23, 2017 at 3:14 PM #

    Hi! I just took the Chemistry General Knowledge exam and had an unofficial score of 152. I need a 153 to pass in my state. Is there a chance I could still pass?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert September 25, 2017 at 3:31 PM #

      Hi Madison,

      Yes, there is totally a chance, but you should also start preparing in case it doesn’t turn out to be a pass. You’re right on the cusp, so fingers crossed! 🙂

    • Anna February 12, 2018 at 1:17 AM #

      What was your raw score?

  12. Nealds October 11, 2017 at 12:04 PM #

    Hi, I just took my Elementary Education: Social Studies Sub-test. The passing score in Idaho is 155, and at the end of the test I saw a 150. I assume that this is the scaled score? Would that mean I have to retake it? A bump of 5 points is too much, right?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert October 14, 2017 at 11:04 AM #

      Hi Nealds,

      Unfortunately, I do not think you can expect a 5 point increase, so you should start making preparations to retake. But the good news is you are nearly there! 🙂

  13. Becca October 11, 2017 at 1:30 PM #

    I took the Praxis 5421 exam, the computer showed an unofficial score of 152 at the testing center. But I don’t know if I passed in the stated of California.

    • David Recine
      David Recine October 17, 2017 at 11:02 AM #

      Becca, that’s a tricky question, since the only Praxis exam accepted by the state of California is the one for Speech-Language Pathology. If you are transferring your license to California from another state, you will eventually need to take an in-state California exam, most likely the CSET, the CBEST, or both. If you are getting initial licensing in California, you’ll need to take one of their in-state tests before you can begin teaching. See the California Department of Education’s licensing document for details.

  14. Huey Johnson November 8, 2017 at 1:24 PM #

    I took the praxis ii 5354 special education test today and got a raw score of 160. Mississippi requires a 152 scaled score for endorsement. will my raw score be good enough. Can my scaled score be lower than my raw score.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert November 8, 2017 at 3:14 PM #

      Hi Huey,

      That’s your unofficial scaled score, and it is very unlikely that it will decrease by 9 points, so I think you can celebrate passing. 🙂

  15. Megan November 30, 2017 at 12:19 PM #

    I took a practice test for 5421 School Counseling praxis and got 60/120 which is only 50%. I need a 156 for my state. I still have a few months to get this score up but could you show me how to calculate what my score would be if I got 60 out of 120 correct on the actual test? I a bit confused on the scoring. Thanks.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert November 30, 2017 at 3:14 PM #

      Hi Megan,

      Because the 5421 exam is all selected-response your percent accuracy roughly corresponds to the score. So 20% would be 120, 50% would be 150, etc. Therefore, 60/120 should yield you a 150 on the Praxis score, approximately. So you are close, but want to push your score a little higher to be able to get that 156 required.

  16. Taylor Cole December 8, 2017 at 8:51 AM #

    I just took retook the Praxis reading test 5002. The first time I took it I received a score at the end of 154 and when the official results came out I received a it stayed the same..the breakdown was 18 right on the first section and 21 right on the second section. So a total of 39 right. I just retook the test and it did not give me a said i got 17 right on the first section and 23 right on the second section for a total of 40 right. I think that one more question right bumped me to a passing score (which is 157) in VA. I tried to use your calculation but it didn’t look right because it said I would have a 150 for this test and a 149 for the last test..but I didn’t I got a 154? So I am confused.

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert December 8, 2017 at 10:39 AM #

      Hi Taylor,

      It isn’t an exact science because there is scaling and adjustment that we do not know about, so all score guidelines are estimates only. Nothing you have said seems out of line with what we might expect, but I cannot really dig under the hood for you to give further information, unfortunately. :/

  17. Sabrina February 10, 2018 at 10:26 AM #

    I just took the ESOL Praxis (5362) and didn’t get an unofficial score, it just said *NS (if I’m remembering correctly) and gave me my raw score for each section which I believed totaled 85 out of 120. Can I figure out my unofficial score from this information?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert February 11, 2018 at 12:50 PM #

      Hi Sabrina,

      You can estimate your scaled score from this information, but keep in mind that it might not be perfectly accurate! This blog post provides you with our method, and I estimate that your score would be somewhere around a 170 based on your raw score 😀

  18. Amanda February 12, 2018 at 11:38 AM #

    I just took the ESOL 5362 test and just got an NS also. Is it common to get an NS on a complete multiple choice test? I assumed an NS was for the test that included a writing component.

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 15, 2018 at 12:39 PM #

      It’s not “normal” to get an NS for an all-multiple-choice test. But it’s not “uncommon” per se. This seems to happen with a number of prospective teachers on a regular basis. The good news is that it’s not any issue with how you performed on the test– it’s more the test center equivalent of a “404 Not Found” error. Sometimes, in the moment you end your test, the computer just isn’t ready to display anything yet.

  19. Becca February 14, 2018 at 12:31 PM #

    I am taking the core praxis math test soon. I need a 150 on the test to pass. How many questions can I get incorrect and still pass the test?

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 14, 2018 at 2:24 PM #

      Your final scaled score is roughly your percentage of correct answers + 100. So you’ll need to get at least 50% of the 56 questions correct in order to pass. However, your final score can be adjusted by a few points, so I’d aim for more than just 28 questions correct. You’ll be in the safest place if you can get at least 30 questions correct. And the more questions you get right beyond just 30, the better off you are.

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