ACT Scores: Everything You Need to Know

Good ACT scores are the key to getting into the college of your dreams! But what is a good score? For most students, scoring above average, 21 or higher, is a good score. For those applying to elite colleges, scores in the 93rd percentile (30+) or even the 98th percentile (33+) are good scores. But that’s the short answer… there is more to it than that of course.

Student bubbling in scantron with pencil


Click the links below to go straight to that section, or keep reading to get everything you need to know ACT scores!


How are ACT Scores Calculated?

The ACT test score range is between 1 and 36. There are two types of scores that fall in this range: your section scores and your composite score.

Section Scores

The ACT exam comprises four sections:

The score on each section is calculated by converting the raw score—the number of questions you answered correctly in a given section—to a scaled score in that 1-36 range. (There are no penalties for questions with an incorrect answer).

If you’re thinking “aw man, do I need to know a formula to figure out my practice ACT results??” — never fear! We actually have this handy dandy score calculator where you can plug in your raw scores to figure out your section scores. You can also check out our ACT Raw Score Conversation Chart for a sense of how many questions you need to answer correctly to get a certain scaled score.

Composite Scores

To make your composite, or overall, score, the test maker then averages your four scores on all sections. This is also scored using the 1-36 ACT scale.

Score range 1 to 36

So what is a good ACT composite score? Many factors will help you determine what a good ACT composite score is for you. But before we get into that, know that the composite score is not the only score that matters! The ACT score report will provide you even more information about your test-taking experience in the form of subscores.


The Reading, Writing, and Math sections also have categories with their own score ranges, as noted in the table below:

SectionOverall Score RangeSub-Score Breakdown
English1-36Usage/Mechanics (1-18)
Rhetorical Skills (1-18)
Essay (2-12)
Math1-36Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra (1-18)
Algebra/Coordinate Geometry (1-18)
Plane Geometry/Trigonometry (1-18)
Reading1-36Social Sciences/Sciences (1-18)
Arts/Literature (1-18)
Science1-36No sub-scores on the Science test!


Finally, last but definitely not least, you’ll see your percentile. Or, rather, percentiles.

Your ACT percentiles compare your scores to the scores of other test-takers. In your score report, you’ll be able to see where you stand both in terms of your composite score and your section scores.

If you scored in the 90th percentile, for example, you scored better than 90% (or 90 out of every 100) test-takers. If you scored in the 50th percentile, you scored better than half of your peers.

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Liam got a 35 on the ACT. Get a higher ACT score with Magoosh.


What is the Highest ACT Score?

Seeing as the ACT score range is between 1 and 36, naturally, the highest score that one can receive on the ACT is a 36. Here are some facts to know about the max ACT score:

Getting the highest ACT score, while an amazing feat, is nothing worth breaking your back over. Sure, a perfect score does make your application all the more appealing—colleges love to brag about the percentage of perfect-scoring applicants they’ve admitted each year. And a 36 will definitely get your application moved to the top of the pile at less competitive institutions.

Still, a 36 was worth a lot more ten or fifteen years ago. Not only have many colleges and scholarships adopted more well-rounded admissions approaches to giving out letters of acceptance and/or monetary awards, but the number of students getting a perfect score on the ACT is also growing every year—truly an indication of just how competitive the college admissions process is becoming.

My advice? If you end up scoring in the 34 or above range on the ACT, it might be best if you’re trying to wow admissions committees through other aspects of your application. This advice is particularly relevant to admissions at Ivy Leagues and other competitive schools; some of these schools have a whopping quarter of their entering class scoring perfectly on the ACT or SAT.

But if you feel like getting the highest ACT score can help you shine at less competitive colleges, make sure to check out our post on perfect ACT score stories to know how it’s done!

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What is a Good ACT Score?

The ACT, like its cousin the SAT, is a standardized test meant to measure both knowledge gained in high school and potential to succeed in a college setting. The higher the score, the more likely you will get into the colleges of your choice.

That being said, there’s no straight answer on what is a good or bad score; it depends entirely on you, your goals, your grades, your extracurriculars, the schools you want to apply to, and a variety of other factors. A passing score on the ACT for someone else might not be a passing score for you and vice versa.

Furthermore, while most schools care about the composite score, some will look specifically for your subject area scores. So even a number isn’t just a single number.

Objectively speaking, a score of 32 or higher would put you in a competitive position for any school that you choose apply to. If that’s your goal, check out this video by Magoosh expert Kristin on how to get the highest ACT score:

But unless you want to go to super-elite schools, you might find it more useful to focus on your GPA and extracurriculars than aiming for the max score. That’s where it becomes useful to look at school rank when deciding what’s a good score on the ACT.

Good Scores by Grade Level and School Rank

Only Ivy League for me!I'm going for schools ranked between 25-50I'm going for schools ranked 50-75I'm going for schools ranked 75-100I'm going for schools ranked below 100

We’ve crunched some numbers and come up with what could be considered good scores, based on your ultimate school goals as well as your grade level. After all, a good score for a sophomore (who’s maybe taking the PreACT instead) won’t be the same as a good score for a senior.

Please note that the numbers on the ACT scoring chart are loose projections— a lot of factors affect how high of a score you need to achieve. ACT students with lower scores may still get into their dream schools and students with top scores may not (you can skip to the section on ACT scores for the top 100 U.S. Universities to see the competitive score ranges for a given school). Still, this is a good place to start as you plan your ACT test prep. You can choose between a live cohorted class with an instructor (which includes all our lessons and practice questions) or access to the self-study option by itself.

Good Scores by Section

So those are good composite scores. But what does a good sectional score look like on the ACT? As we describe in our post on good ACT English scores, most people would consider any score above the average (around 20 per section, though this varies slightly by year) to be “good.”

However, if you’re applying to very competitive schools, aim for the 90th percentile or higher. This translates to the following scores:

  • English: 20.1
  • Math: 20.4
  • Reading: 21.2
  • Science: 20.6

Meanwhile, ACT Writing is scored slightly differently. So what makes a good ACT Writing score? Here, a 9+ puts you in the range for the most competitive colleges.

The general guidelines for a “good score” by section also apply to PreACT scoring (though you won’t find an essay on that exam!). However, this is not the case for ACT Aspire, which uses entirely different scoring scales.

Average Scores

So by now, you know the basic facts and may already have an idea on how you’d score on the ACT, either because you have taken real or practice ACT tests or you can convert your SAT to ACT score.

But where do you stand compared to the average test-taker?

The average exam score was 20.3 (composite) in the 2022-2023 school year (Source: Basically, if you scored above 21 overall, you’re ahead of the curve.

To see how far ahead of the curve you are, or the points you’d need to score to reach 21, looking at ACT percentiles is a good place to start.

If you’re feeling super competitive, you can also check out how your score compares locally in Average ACT Scores by State.

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ACT Scores for the Top 100 U.S. Universities

Though not the only piece in the college applications puzzle, your ACT score is the first thing most admissions counselors see. If you don’t score in the same range as most of the current students, it is going to be VERY HARD to convince them that you would be the perfect fit. That’s why we provided for you, in the table below, the 25th-75th percentile scores (also known as the “middle 50%” scores) for the top 100 U.S. universities.

What do all those numbers mean? In short, the middle-scoring 50% of incoming students scored within this range. 25% of incoming students scored below the lower number, while 25% of incoming students scored above the higher number. Everybody else (the middle 50%) scored between the two.

Here’s an approximation of what the distribution of score percentiles could look like:

ACT percentile ranges for colleges universities

With all that said, take a look at the score ranges in 2019 below. You can search by school–if your schools of interest rank in the top 100, you’ll find it on this table. If the school’s middle 50% aren’t reported, take a look at the scores at similarly-ranked schools.

ACT Score Range for the Top 100 U.S. Universities

College RankingCollege Name25th Percentile Scores75th Percentile Scores
1Princeton University3335
2Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
3 (tie)Harvard University3335
3 (tie)Stanford University 3435
3 (tie)Yale University 3335
6University of Chicago3335
7 (tie)Johns Hopkins University 3435
7 (tie) University of Pennsylvania 3335
9California Institute of Technology (Caltech)3536
10 (tie)Duke University3335
10 (tie)Northwestern University3335
12Dartmouth College 3335
13 (tie)Brown University3335
13 (tie)Vanderbilt University 3435
15 (tie)Rice University 3435
15 (tie)Washington University in St. Louis3335
17Cornell University 3335
18 (tie)Columbia University 3335
18 (tie) University of Notre Dame 3235
20 (tie)University of California--Berkeley2735
20 (tie)University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) 2934
22 (tie)Carnegie Mellon University3335
22 (tie)Emory University3234
22 (tie)Georgetown 3235
25 (tie)New York University (NYU)3234
25 (tie)University of Michigan at Ann Arbor3135
25 (tie) University of Southern California (USC)3235
25 (tie)University of Virginia 3235
29 (tie)University of Florida2933
29 (tie)University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (UNC Chapel Hill)2933
29 (tie)Wake Forest University3033
32 (tie)Tufts University3335
32 (tie)University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)2633
34 (tie)University of California, Irvine (UCI) NANA
34 (tie)University of California--San Diego2633
36 (tie)Boston College3334
36 (tie)University of Rochester3135
38 (tie)University of California, Davis (UC Davis)2531
38 (tie)University of Texas, Austin (UT Austin) 2934
38 (tie)University of Wisconsin Madison2832
41 (tie)Boston University 3134
41 (tie)University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign2934
41 (tie)College of William and Mary3134
44 (tie)Brandeis University3134
44 (tie)Case Western Reserve University3235
44 (tie)Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) 3135
44 (tie)Northeastern University3335
44 (tie)Tulane University3033
49 (tie)Ohio State University2632
49 (tie)University of Georgia2933
51 (tie)Lehigh University3034
51 (tie)Purdue Univesity-West Lafayette2633
51 (tie)Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute3234
51 (tie)Villanova University3134
55 (tie)Florida State University2630
55 (tie)Pepperdine University2530
55 (tie)Rutgers University2733
55 (tie)Santa Clara University2933
55 (tie)University of Maryland--College Park3034
55 (tie)University of Miami 3033
55 (tie)University of Washington2934
62 (tie)George Washington University3034
62 (tie)Syracuse University2732
62 (tie)University of Minnesota--Twin Cities2732
62 (tie)University of Pittsburgh--Pittsburgh Campus2833
62 (tie)Virginia Institute of Technology (Virginia Tech) 2632
67 (tie)Texas A&M University--College Station2531
67 (tie)University of Connecticut2733
67 (tie)University of Massachussetts-Amherst (UMass Amherst)2833
67 (tie)Worcester Polytechnic Institute/test-blind
67 (tie)Yeshiva University2531
72 (tie)American University2933
72 (tie)Fordham University3033
72 (tie)Indiana University--Bloomington2632
72 (tie)North Carolina State University--Raleigh2732
72 (tie)Southern Methodist University3134
77 (tie)Baylor University2532
77 (tie)Clemson 2732
77 (tie)Loyola Marymount2832
77 (tie)Michigan State University2329
77 (tie)Pennsylvania State--University Park2632
77 (tie)Stony Brook University (SUNY)2933
83 (tie)Binghamton University3033
83 (tie)Gonzaga University2731
83 (tie)Marquette University2530
83 (tie)Stevens Institute of Technology3134
83 (tie)University of California, Santa Cruz2330
83 (tie)University of Iowa2229
89 (tie)Brigham Young University--Provo2933
89 (tie)Colorado School of Mines2933
89 (tie)Elon University2530
89 (tie)Howard University2126
89 (tie)Texas Christian University2631
89 (tie)University at Buffalo2531
89 (tie)University of California--Riverside2229
89 (tie)University of Delaware2631
97 (tie)Auburn University2430
97 (tie)Clark University2730
97 (tie)New Jersey Institute of Technology2733
97 (tie)University of California--Merced1722
97 (tie)University of Colorado Boulder2531
93 (tie)University of San Diego2531
99 (tie)University of South Florida2429

Data from the U.S. News & World Report: National Universities Ranking.

What are the Score Ranges for the Ivy League?

Ah, the $200,000 (and rising) question! No faffing about. Although the Ivy League score ranges were featured in the above chart, here they are again for your convenience:

College RankingCollege Name25th Percentile75th Percentile
1Princeton University3335
3 (tie)Harvard University3336
3 (tie)Yale University3335
7University of Pennsylvania3335
12Dartmouth College3335
13Brown University3335
17Cornell University3335
18Columbia University3335

If you’re wondering about the relative “value” of the SAT vs. ACT in Ivy League admissions, our ACT expert, Kristin, does a great job of explaining that in this video:

Final word? Remember that when applying to the Ivies, it’s important for your whole application to, well, sparkle.

If you’re scoring slightly below the middle 50% for your dream Ivy (or any of your dream schools, really), it’s worth putting in the time to pull it up. Maximize those chances!

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How ACT Scores Can Help You Win Scholarships

Yup, a strong score can put you in the running for merit-based scholarships. But just what is that strong score for scholarships? As in the case of college admissions, there’s no one magic number.

If you’re scoring in the 30s (top tenth percentile), that’s a great place to start. On the other hand, you can still get a scholarship even if you’re scoring in the mid-20s. Learn more in our post on good ACT score for scholarships.

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Should I Cancel My ACT Score if I Get a Bad Score?

If you get your scores and find that you’ve scored significantly below your target score, you might be tempted to cancel your scores, worrying that colleges would penalize you for having low scores on your record. But there are a few reasons why you should definitely not cancel your scores.

  • First and foremost, if you take the ACT more than once, most colleges only care about the highest ACT score you earn. And that’s true even if you do a little worse on the second try, so it’s just best to keep all the options on the table by not canceling scores.
  • Other colleges superscore ACT results, meaning that if your highest subscores for each section are spread out across different test dates, colleges will only focus on those highest scores. It’s like making a standardized test version of Frankenstein, but using only the best parts!
    • For example, maybe you score really well on Math and Science but not so great on Reading and Writing. If you cancel your scores, you’d risk those great Math and Science scores that could potentially be superscored with better future results in Reading and Writing.
  • Another reason not to cancel your scores is that you’d be giving up a clear-cut set of results that explains your strengths and weaknesses when your scores come out. Even “bad” results are an invaluable tool for getting great scores next time.

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A Final Word

Whew! That’s everything you need to know about ACT test scores (and probably more)! If you’re curious about how to boost your score to hit your ideal range, check out how to improve your ACT score by 10 points.

As a reward for sticking this post out and filling your head with all kinds of useful ACT information, check out how your scores compare to those of famous people. Now you’ll know!


  • Rachel Kapelke-Dale

    Rachel is a Magoosh Content Creator. She writes and updates content on our High School and GRE Blogs to ensure students are equipped with the best information during their test prep journey. As a test-prep instructor for more than five years in there different countries, Rachel has helped students around the world prepare for various standardized tests, including the SAT, ACT, TOEFL, GRE, and GMAT, and she is one of the authors of our Magoosh ACT Prep Book. Rachel has a Bachelor of Arts in Comparative Literature from Brown University, an MA in Cinematography from the Université de Paris VII, and a Ph.D. in Film Studies from University College London. For over a decade, Rachel has honed her craft as a fiction and memoir writer and public speaker. Her novel, THE BALLERINAS, is forthcoming in December 2021 from St. Martin's Press, while her memoir, GRADUATES IN WONDERLAND, co-written with Jessica Pan, was published in 2014 by Penguin Random House. Her work has appeared in over a dozen online and print publications, including Vanity Fair Hollywood. When she isn't strategically stringing words together at Magoosh, you can find Rachel riding horses or with her nose in a book. Join her on Twitter, Instagram, or Facebook!

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20 Responses to ACT Scores: Everything You Need to Know

  1. christine Casaburro April 21, 2017 at 2:22 pm #

    my son is in 7th grade and took the ACT in April
    he scored 14 reading, 18 math, 15 science,
    18 english
    would you consider that is good for his grade.
    From my understanding the reading score was 
    a little low.

    • David Recine
      David Recine April 22, 2017 at 4:10 am #

      Because your son is still two years away from high school, these are reasonably good scores for early ACT practice. Still, you are right that it may be a good idea for your son to work on his ACT Reading skills as he gets older and heads into high school.

      It’s also worth noticing that his ACT Science score was just one point higher than Reading. Science is also heavy on Reading Comprehension, with an emphasis on “visual literacy,” the reading of charts and tables. So your son may want to practice that kind of reading as well. (Right here on the blog, we have a tutorial for reading these kinds of ACT Science graphs and tables.)

  2. Daymi Oare April 23, 2017 at 3:36 pm #

    Hi, I’m a junior in high school. I just recently took the ACT and I am wondering if my score was good or not considering my grade and future college applications. I got a 23 composite. 21 on math. 22 on science. 30 in English. 20 in reading. and 8 in writing. I would appreciate your insight.

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert April 24, 2017 at 2:49 am #

      Hi Daymi,

      It is hard to determine whether a score is good or not because it depends on all kinds of factors, including your goals, desired schools, field of study, etc. You should look into some universities’ entry requirements and see how you stack up to places you might want to go. This will give you the best idea of how you’re doing! Of course, it is always helpful to strive for higher, because this could help you get scholarships, early admission, etc. If you have it in you to study for a retake, it won’t hurt. 🙂

  3. Bob May 3, 2017 at 11:50 am #

    Hi, I just finished my junior year and I got a 34 composite with 32 Englis 33 reading 35 math and 36 science. My dream school is MIT. Is it better to retake the test it leave it as is and focus on other things?

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 8, 2017 at 3:39 am #

      Hi Bob,

      That’s a hard question! If you could get your composite score higher (by inching your English/Reading scores to 34+) you definitely add emphasis to your test abilities, but only you can really determine whether the rest of your applicant profile outweighs this or not. I would personally aim to both improve my ACT score and work on other aspects of my application. MIT is highly competitive, and any small adjustment you can make to your candidacy will play into the holistic impression they get of you as a hopeful! Good luck. 🙂

  4. Peyton June 9, 2017 at 6:08 pm #

    As a Freshman, I took the ACT and scored a 27 composite. 25s in English and Math, 27 in Science and a 32 in Reading. Are these scores good enough to pique the interest of a
    Top 25 or Ivy League school? And should I consider taking the writing portion of the ACT as I haven’t before?

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert June 10, 2017 at 12:47 am #

      Hi Peyton,

      If you are aiming for a Top 25/Ivy school, you will need to have a higher score than that as well as an impressive array of other factors (extracurriculars, leadership, etc.) to guarantee they consider you seriously. Whether you should take the writing portion depends on whether it is asked for AND whether you think you can do well on it. I would research your top schools’ admissions pages and see what specific guidance they have. 🙂

  5. Jonathen Becker May 19, 2018 at 11:53 am #

    Hi I’m in 7th grade just wondering what a good ACT score would be for me

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert May 25, 2018 at 11:10 am #

      Hi Jonathan,

      Interesting question! The answer really depends on why you are taking the ACT. Many 7th graders take the ACT in order to participate in talent searches and enroll in programs for academically gifted students. If that is the case for you, then a “good” ACT scores is the one that qualifies you for these programs! Our website mainly focuses on taking the ACT for college, but this website has some good information about average ACT scores for these sorts of academic programs.

      If you want to take the ACT just to get a feel for the test and understand your personal strengths and weaknesses, then this ACT report might be helpful for you! It’s got some pretty complex statistics, but the most important thing to note here is that students who scored a 12 in 7th grade got the average ACT score (21) in their senior year. The students who scored 20 or higher in 7th grade earned a 30 or higher as seniors, and those who scored 28 or higher in 7th grade scored a 35 or higher as seniors. So, if you have an idea of what score you want as a senior, you can estimate your target score as a 7th grader! Keep in mind that nothing is set in stone, however; with practice and study, you can improve your ACT score beyond what this study says!

      You should keep your expectations realistic as a 7th grader; you probably haven’t learned everything that is on the ACT yet, so it’s unlikely that you will get a top score. However, if you take the time to learn about the test and learn from your mistakes, this can be a valuable learning opportunity for you!

  6. Sahil Kottal July 9, 2018 at 10:21 am #

    Hi, I just finished my junior year and I got a 33 composite with
    33 Englis 36 reading 25 math and 30 science.
    but my Weighted gpa is 3.6 . I am planning to major CS . How does my low GPA affect my admissions .

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 13, 2018 at 12:39 pm #

      Hi Sahil,

      First, congrats on an excellent ACT score! The answer to this question really depends on the schools that you choose to apply to! We have a lot of information on our blog about the average test scores and gpa needed to get into top schools. As you decide where to apply, try to choose schools that fit your interests and study goals, and check out their rankings. Keep in mind that there is no perfect formula to get in to these schools. These numbers are averages, and there are plenty of people above and below them! Colleges take into account your tests scores, gpa, essays, letters of recommendation and other factors when determining whether or not to accept you. You should take your time to craft a strong application. Here are some tips on how to overcome potential weaknesses in your application:

  7. Smita Nayak August 16, 2018 at 10:20 am #


    I was just wondering if it’s possible to pair an ACT composite from one test date (ie, July) with an ACT writing score from a different test date (ie, December). I got a 33 composite on the July ACT (7/14) and a 12 on writing from the December ACT. I wanted to pair these together for college applications. Is this possible? Thanks in advance for the help!

    • David Recine
      David Recine August 16, 2018 at 11:38 am #

      Hi Smita,

      Some universities do accept ACT scores in the way you’re describing. This option, when it’s available, is called “superscoring.” If you want more info n this option, you can read Rachel’s article on ACT superscoring.

  8. Joan November 7, 2019 at 7:41 pm #

    I was trying to choose my score recipients before my test date of the ACT,
    but I was allowed to choose only 6 score recipients.
    I am applying to more than 6 universities, so how will i be able to
    send my scores to the other universities before their regular decision

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert February 7, 2020 at 10:56 am #

      Hi Joan,

      The ACT allows you to send additional score reports to additional schools. You can request score reports to be sent via online account or paper form. Here is the website with that information. It currently costs $13 for each score report you would like to send. I hope that helps! 🙂

  9. Arwen8Aragorn November 12, 2019 at 6:49 am #

    My daughter took the ACT this spring and got 25. She took it again this fall and got a 26 but every store increased by 3 points except her highest score (reading) which only increased one point from 32 to 33. How does that make sense?

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert February 7, 2020 at 12:04 pm #

      Hi There,

      The overall score should be the average of all four sections. May I ask, what were her scores in each section on both test dates?

      Also, keep in mind that many schools and schools will accept a “Superscore” taken from your daughter’s best score in each of the four sections. For more on superscoring, please see this article. I hope that helps!

  10. Michelle Vaughter March 9, 2022 at 10:37 pm #

    i am 60 and want my old score from 1977 or 1976

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert March 15, 2022 at 2:15 pm #

      Hi Michelle,

      You might have to contact the ACT to see how long they store records!

      Best of luck to you!

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