GRE Reading Comprehension Pacing

It is easy to think that GRE pacing can just be reduced to a simple calculus: 30 minutes for 20 questions, equals 1.5 minutes per question. Things, however, are a lot more complicated than that. To really get a handle on pacing you are going to need to understand the nuances of the GRE verbal section.

Each GRE verbal section consists of 20 questions. Of those 20 questions exactly 10 questions will be Reading Comprehension questions. Knowing the number of passages, the length of these passages, and the number of questions accompanying each passage will help you determine how to pace yourself.


The long passage

First off, there is only long passage (400+ words) per GRE test. That means one, and only one, of the verbal sections will have a long reading passage—as long as you do not get an experimental verbal section (that section may or may not have a long passage). Each long passage will always be attended by four questions. I’ve yet to see any deviation from this, but it is not entirely impossible for the GRE to decide to throw in five questions for the long passage.


Nonetheless, how—and when—you attack the long passage is vital to your score. My advice: if you see a long passage, leave it for the very end. Reading 400+ words of jargon-laden, obscure prose is not only time-consuming, but also diminishes your mental reserves (which says a lot for a test that is all about diminishing your mental reserves). To make matters worse, there are only four questions for the long passage, or roughly one question per 100 words (compare this to the ratio of 1 question for 50 words for the short passages). Bottom-line: do not squander your time; leave the long passage for last.


The “Critical Reasoning” questions

The long passages are not the only time wasters. There is a breed of Reading Comprehension question I like to call “Critical Reasoning.” I think the only reason I do so is that is what this question type is called on the GMAT. One could argue that this epithet is misleading. After all, the entire GRE verbal section tests critical reasoning.

Semantics aside, these questions are basically a paragraph long argument followed by one, and only one, question, which asks you to evaluate/strengthen/weaken/etc. the argument in the paragraph.  Some paragraph arguments are easy. Others are complex and long, and tax the mental reserves. If you are struggling just to get through the dense paragraph, or have eliminated A through E and throw your hands up in frustration, move on. There are other questions, even Critical Reasoning questions in the same section, that are easier. Another advantage of moving on is your brain may be more adept at decoding the question the second time around.


Short passages are your friends, unless…

Ah yes, the short passage. Less to read means less to get confused by, and, in the case of the short passage, fewer words per question. In general try to do these questions first. The only real caveat is that sometimes a short passage can be very difficult and/or be followed by difficult questions. If you realize you do not understand a short passage after a couple of reads, or if you are vacillating between two possible answer choices in a question, then move on.


The takeaway

So what does all this boil down to? Know your strengths and weaknesses. If you are good at Critical Reasoning questions, even the tough ones, then you may want to do those first. If you are a fast reader, then you may not want to leave the long passage till the end, especially if you struggle with other question types.  And remember, never obsess too much over one question. Each question is worth the same number of points, and you can always go back to it.

Finally, the best way to develop a pacing strategy is by taking multiple tests, even the same ones over again (as long as there is a reasonable amount of time in between them). Doing so will help you navigate effortlessly through the verbal section, so that, by test day, all your focus will be on answering the questions correctly.


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  • Chris Lele

    Chris Lele is the Principal Curriculum Manager (and vocabulary wizard) at Magoosh. Chris graduated from UCLA with a BA in Psychology and has 20 years of experience in the test prep industry. He's been quoted as a subject expert in many publications, including US News, GMAC, and Business Because. In his time at Magoosh, Chris has taught countless students how to tackle the GRE, GMAT, SAT, ACT, MCAT (CARS), and LSAT exams with confidence. Some of his students have even gone on to get near-perfect scores. You can find Chris on YouTube, LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook!

10 Responses to GRE Reading Comprehension Pacing

  1. Rahul Shirolkar September 2, 2020 at 12:49 pm #

    HI Chris I am a premium student ….. I have been trying to improve my RC but I am not able to reach up to the mark I am having difficulties understanding the passage …. is there something I can do?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert September 6, 2020 at 1:12 pm #

      Hi Rahul,

      As you’re a Premium student, I’ve forwarded your message to our Test Prep Experts. 🙂 You’ll be hearing from them in an e-mail.

  2. Vamshi Krishna July 15, 2016 at 7:23 am #

    Dear Chris:
    First of all, thank you very much for free resources it helped me a lot in increasing my score especially verbal.I am writing test on 22 July,I have gone through all your blog posts and increased my verbal score from 140 to 150 but still, I am facing the problem with reading comprehensions.

    Particularly,RC poe strategies can you explain more elaborately how to find an option is an extreme.It is confusing to point out an option as extreme,sometimes I am ending up eliminating the correct answer.Please help.Thank in advance 😉

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert July 20, 2016 at 4:17 am #

      Hi Vamshi,

      Good question! Extreme answer choices will include words like, “always,” “any,” “all,” “never,” or “none.” These words suggest extreme or overly-broad generalizations that do not take into consideration possible exceptions.

      Hope this helps, and good luck on your upcoming exam!

  3. Jim Faber July 26, 2014 at 11:37 pm #

    Hi Chris,

    I would greatly appreciate if you can offer me your opinion on the following question:

    Would you say the greatest gain in reading comprehension comes from intensive immersion or spaced out study? For instance, if one has six months to study for the GRE, do you think it would be wise to answer almost every reading comprehension question from many GRE books in, say, a month, and for the remaining five months review the one’s he or she did, or is it better to work on a passage or two a week till the test date arrives?

    Thank you and looking forward to your response,


  4. Nandi May 24, 2014 at 8:55 pm #

    This may seem irrelevant for reading comprehension but definitely useful for the non-RC verbal questions. Quizlet is long known as a website for self-made flashcards. It surely benefits GRE test takers more than that. Try to input those most baffling text completion and sentence equivalence questions into the term slots and then leave their answer choices to the definition slots.

    There we go! Miracles are coming.

    • Chris Lele
      Chris Lele May 28, 2014 at 9:39 am #

      Hi Nandi,

      Hmm…I’m not sure what you mean actually. Could you explain that bit with Quizlet again?

      • Nandi May 29, 2014 at 10:04 pm #

        Dear Chris:
        I am glad you replied. I love all of your video lessons and verbal questions (supposed to be your creation). Marvellous Job!

        I mean we can turn some confusing questions into a deck of e-flashcards. It’s a copy-and-paste procedure. Just like self-made vocal flashcards, we first put a question into the term slot in quizlet and then paste the answer choices into the definition slot.

        • Chris Lele
          Chris Lele May 30, 2014 at 4:04 pm #

          Oh, I see! Yes, that is a great strategy, esp. for on-the-go (assuming one has smartphone). Thanks for sharing 🙂

        • Abhay Mittal August 23, 2015 at 8:28 am #

          Hi Nandi,

          Thanks for the wonderful strategy. I never thought of it this way 🙂

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