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How to Write an Argumentative Speech

When you need to persuade a crowd of your point of view, you need to know how to write an argumentative speech. Here are the parts to include for an effective speech:

Hook

At the beginning of your speech, your goal is to hook your audience. How will you grab their attention? You could share a thought-provoking question, a surprising fact, an interesting quote, or a fascinating story. Think of something that will introduce the topic while drawing your audience in for more.

Background Information

Before discussing your argument, it can be helpful to provide background information on the topic. Is there anything that would be helpful for your audience to know to better understand the argument? Provide the context, so they can better understand what you’re describing to them.

Thesis Statement

Toward the end of your introduction, you should share your thesis statement. A thesis statement is a clear, focused sentence that asserts your position. The thesis statement should be arguable.

It’s also helpful to outline your main points in your thesis statement. That way, the audience will know what to expect in your speech, so they can better follow along with your ideas.

Support

Plan to have about three or more body paragraphs to provide evidence for your point of view. Some of the evidence that you can use to support your argument includes:

  • Statistics
  • Expert testimonies
  • Anecdotal stories
  • Findings from studies
  • Historical examples

As you share the evidence, avoid using emotional language, which will weaken your argument. And, as you incorporate information from other sources, be sure to cite them so you don’t commit plagiarism.

Refutation of Opposing Viewpoints

Since your thesis should be arguable, there are going to be other viewpoints on the topic. Think about the possible objections that people would have to your argument. Then, find ways to reject the viewpoints. Help your audience understand why your point of view is the one that they should side with moving forward.

Concluding Your Argumentative Speech

In your conclusion, restate your thesis and main points. Also, your conclusion structure should leave your audience with something to consider, and tell them what they should do after listening to your ideas. For example, if you’re arguing against a particular law, maybe you want people to get out and vote against it. Let them know that this is what they should do.

 
As you prepare to give your argumentative speech, consider practicing it for friends and/or family members. Ask them if there are any changes that you can make to strengthen your argument and effectively persuade your audience. Good luck!

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