Organic Chemistry is one module of Chemistry that freaks out most students. JEE Organic Chemistry contains a long list of organic compounds and their properties that need to be studied thoroughly. Most students end up trying to cram memorization of all the reactions. This doesn’t work because the JEE paper setters are smart enough to design creative problems that require real understanding.
How can you crack such creative problems? Here are 8 practical JEE Organic Chemistry tips.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 1: Get a Good Book
A good Organic Chemistry book can completely change your perspective about JEE Organic Chemistry. Most students think that Organic Chemistry is all about mugging reactions. However, if you study from a book like LG Wade, you will realize that JEE Organic Chemistry is highly logical, conceptual, and that it requires minimum memorization.
The book will help you to build a solid understanding of all concepts starting from General Organic Chemistry to Carbonyl Compounds. The key focus of this book is on the basic reaction mechanisms that form the building blocks of JEE Organic Chemistry. Understanding these reaction mechanisms will help you think logically and come up with the right solution in no time.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 2: Do Not Study from Multiple Books
One book will tell you the general trend, while the other book might mention an exception. The end result will be that you will be highly confused as to which one to believe. In the JEE, the focus is on the trends. Exceptions are also asked now and then, but that’s very rare. So your focus should be on acing that 80% portion that requires 20% effort.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 3: Study General Organic Chemistry First
A firm understanding of General Organic Chemistry will help you easily grasp the rest of the subjects. You should be thorough with carbocations and their stability, inductive effect, mesomeric effect, resonance, nomenclature, and many other basic concepts.
Unless you understand them well, Organic Chemistry will be a nightmare for you. You should solve a lot of problems from the General Organic Chemistry portion before jumping on to other chapters. You should think of General Organic Chemistry as a tool to solve tougher Organic Chemistry problems.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 4: Study the Named Reactions Carefully
Most common Organic Chemistry problems in the JEE are from named reactions. For instance, there’s the “Reimer-Tiemann” reaction, “Cannizzaro” reaction, “Friedel – Crafts” reaction, “Wurtz” reaction, and many others. These reactions form the backbone of Organic Chemistry and you are expected to know them inside-and-out. For each of the named reactions, you should focus on the following parameters:
- Conditions under which the reaction occurs
- Conditions under which the reaction does not occur
- Exceptions for the reaction
In JEE, you can be questioned on any of the above parameters.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 5: Solve a Lot of Problems
I highly recommend that you solve a lot of problems to reinforce the concepts and reaction mechanisms that you have just learned. For practicing problems, you might want to try multiple books so that you get a diverse set of problems.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 6: Solve Problems Systematically
Solving a problem in a systematic manner will help you come up with the correct solution. Here are some suggested steps:
- Read the problem carefully.
- While reading the problem statement, make a note of functional groups that the problem talks about.
- Make a note of electrophilic and nucleophilic functional groups.
- Once you have determined the nature of functional groups, try to correlate it to the reaction mechanism that you have seen previously.
- Remember: Nucleophile attacks an electrophile.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 7: Revise Theory Regularly
You are sure to forget various concepts and reaction mechanisms if you do not revise regularly. An optimal revision strategy would be to maintain a diary that enlists the common points that you tend to forget.
For instance, you might want to keep a simple note that talks about the conditions favorable for SN2 reaction. This way, you can revise these points regularly. Over time, these points will get fixed in your mind and then you can strike them off from your diary.
JEE Organic Chemistry Preparation Tip 8: Solve Problems Regularly
Revising theory regularly is good only if you also solve a lot of problems regularly. Not only will this help you retain what you’ve learned, but also you will become faster and picking up the right reactions.
JEE Organic Chemistry is fairly easy and straightforward once understood properly. JEE Organic Chemistry contains a mix of easy, medium, and hard problems. Your aim should be to capture 80% of the easy/medium problems that will require 20% of the effort (80-20 rule). The remaining 20% of the problems will actually require 80% of your effort. And remember, if you are aiming for a top rank in JEE, you simply cannot miss out any of the concepts.