What’s on the GED Math Test?

What's on the GED Math Test?
Mathematical Reasoning is one of the four subject tests that make up the GED exam. Find out what’s on the GED math test so you can be prepared for success on test day.

GED Math Test Format and Scoring

The Mathematical Reasoning subject test is 115 minutes long. It consists of 2 parts, with a 3-minute break in between.

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The GED math test consists of the following question types:

  • Multiple choice
  • Fill in the blank
  • Drop down
  • Drag and drop
  • Hot Spot

So how many questions are there on the GED math test? The number of questions varies a bit from test to test, so there is no set number, but there is always the same number of raw points. There are always 49 raw score points available on the GED math test. The number of points corresponds with the number of correct answers. Most questions have one answer, so they are worth one point. Some questions have more than one answer, however, so these questions will be worth more than one point.

You’ll get a raw score out of the 49 possible points. This will then be converted into your scaled score out of 200. To pass, you’ll need at least a 145 out of 200. Click here to learn more about GED scoring.

GED Math Test Content

Mathematical Reasoning is a test of your mathematical problem-solving skills. On this test, you’ll need basic math skills coupled with the ability to use critical thinking to figure out how to apply those skills to solve a problem. You’ll be given a math formulas and symbols reference sheet that gives you all the formulas you’ll need. You don’t have to have them memorized, but you DO need to know when and how to use them correctly.

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The four major areas on the test are arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis. Here are some of the main things you are expected to be able to do:


  • Understanding place value
  • Ordering numbers, including positives, negatives, fractions, and decimals
  • Rounding
  • Using the four basic arithmetic operations (add, subtract, multiply divide) using the order of operations (PEMDAS)
  • Finding factors and multiples
  • Identifying prime numbers
  • Performing operations with exponents and radicals
  • Performing operations on fractions
  • Converting between fractions, decimals, and percents
  • Calculating percents (including percent change)



  • Factoring and distributing algebraic expressions
  • Performing operations on polynomials
  • Solving equations with one variable
  • Solving systems of equations
  • Solving quadratic equations
  • Solving inequalities
  • Solving for absolute value
  • Solving problems involving rates, ratios, and proportions
  • Evaluating functions



  • Calculating angle measures
  • Classifying polygons
  • Finding perimeter and area of two-dimensional figures
  • Finding volume and surface area of three-dimensional figures
  • Converting between units of measurement
  • Using coordinate geometry to plot points, lines, and shapes; find slopes; write the equation of a line


Data Analysis

Next Steps

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