Solving Similar Triangle Math Problems
Ah, similar triangles. An old ACT fav.
I like to think of them as mama and baby triangles; they look just alike, but one is bigger and one is smaller. It’s a little silly, but it’s a memory trick that’s helped a lot of my students.
Here’s the actual math definition: Similar triangles have congruent (the same) corresponding angle measures. Because all the angles in one triangle have the same measure as the corresponding angle in the other triangle, this means the sides of two similar triangles are in proportion to one another.
When you encounter a “similar triangle” problem on the ACT Math section, you’ll know it because the question and/or diagram will clarify that the two triangles have the same angle measures.
Often the answer to the question will be the length of one of the missing sides, or you’ll be required to find the length of a missing side in order to unlock the next step in a more difficult problem.
The key is to find the ratio, or proportion between the side lengths. Typically this means setting up a proportion and cross-multiplying.
Example ACT Question:
Let’s say you are given these two triangles with the same angle measures and these side lengths given and asked to find the missing side:
Now you might be able to eyeball this one because it is relatively straightforward, but you can always set up a proportion:
And there you have it. You’ve found your missing side and can move onto the next ACT problem coming your way!