Sign up or log in to Magoosh ACT Prep.

Kristin Fracchia

ACT Math Tips: Similar Triangles | Video Post


Solving Similar Triangle Math Problems

Ah, similar triangles. An old ACT fav.

I like to think of them as mama and baby triangles; they look just alike, but one is bigger and one is smaller. It’s a little silly, but it’s a memory trick that’s helped a lot of my students.

Here’s the actual math definition: Similar triangles have congruent (the same) corresponding angle measures. Because all the angles in one triangle have the same measure as the corresponding angle in the other triangle, this means the sides of two similar triangles are in proportion to one another.

Liam got a 35 on the ACT. Get a higher ACT score with Magoosh.

When you encounter a “similar triangle” problem on the ACT, you’ll know it because the question and/or diagram will clarify that the two triangles have the same angle measures.

Often the answer to the question will be the length of one of the missing sides, or you’ll be required to find the length of a missing side in order to unlock the next step in a more difficult problem.

The key is to find the ratio, or proportion between the side lengths. Typically this means setting up a proportion and cross-multiplying.

Example ACT Question:

Let’s say you are given these two triangles with the same angle measures and these side lengths given and asked to find the missing side:

ACT similar triangles example

Now you might be able to eyeball this one because it is relatively straightforward, but you can always set up a proportion:

ACT similar triangle proportion example

And there you have it. You’ve found your missing side and can move onto the next ACT problem coming your way!

About Kristin Fracchia

Dr. Kristin Fracchia currently focuses on our MCAT and LSAT Prep, but she also has expertise in a wide range of standardized tests, including the ACT, SAT, GRE, and GMAT, as well as college and grad school admissions. With a PhD from UC Irvine and degrees in Education and English, she’s been working in education since 2004. She enjoys the agony and bliss of long distance trail running, backpacking, hot yoga, and esoteric knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Magoosh blog comment policy: To create the best experience for our readers, we will approve and respond to comments that are relevant to the article, general enough to be helpful to other students, concise, and well-written! :) If your comment was not approved, it likely did not adhere to these guidelines. If you are a Premium Magoosh student and would like more personalized service, you can use the Help tab on the Magoosh dashboard. Thanks!