In a recent post, I showed you how to practice your English listening skills with recipes. The post included some video clips from cooking shows. Since then, a student of mine has pointed out that English language cooking shows can be challenging. They have a lot of informal speech and can be heavy in phrasal verbs and specialized cooking vocabulary.
Because of this, cooking shows really are a great way to expand your vocabulary in spoken English—and learn some new cooking terms too! Today, we’re going to watch a clip from David Rocco’s Dolce Vita, a popular American cooking show. The video link will be followed by a transcript that includes notes on language that ESL students may find challenging.
TRANSCRIPT (with notes for English learners in bold)
I love watching the seasons change here in the Tuscan countryside. Fall is beautiful. Every year, a group of us celebrate by throwing a festa. This year, we’re hosting it at our place.
to host= to sponsor or to have something happen on your property or in your home, or in your location
This means that David is having the yearly festa (the Italian word for “party”) at his house.
I’m going to start by making two easy side dishes that can be done ahead of time.
ahead of time= before a deadline.
So to make two dishes ahead of time means to make two dishes before the day of the party. Or before the beginning of the party.
Now picnic food, party food—it doesn’t have to be complicated or expensive. First thing I’m gonna do is a recipe called gateau di patate, which means potato cake. Everyone loves potatoes. OK, start off with some pancetta. What I love about Italian pancetta is when you cook it up the fat renders down, and gives loads of flavor to the dish. So everything into a hot pan.
At the beginning of this paragraph “now” is being used as a spoken verbal pause and not as a preposition of time. David uses “now” in this way several times in the video.
renders down= liquefies, melts (specifically used to describe the heating of fatty materials)
And “gives” in this context means “releases or adds”.
Next, some onion. So what I’m doing is creating a flavor base here. Frying up the onion and pancetta together. A rough chop. And throwing it in with the pancetta. OK, I’m going to let that brown, and what I’m gonna do now is go to my potatoes. And these are regular potatoes. They’ve cooled down.
to create a flavor base= to create something that adds the main flavor to a food
For example, the flavor base for chocolate milk is a kind of chocolate powder that’s added to the milk.
And now I can easily work with them and peel the skins back. I want the potatoes to be evenly mashed. You need one egg. And the egg helps bind everything together. Some salt, and some black pepper. My pancetta and onions are looking nice and brown and crisp. Throw in everything, oil and onions right in. Now you want the oil, because that’s where all the good flavor is.
to bind everything together= to combine all things into one solid form
“You want” is being used as a way of recommending or suggesting something, similar to “You should.”
“You want the oil, because that’s where all the good flavor is” means that David recommends using oil to give the food a good taste.
“right in”= placed inside something quickly and immediately
Sometimes I call this potato cake my “clean out the fridge” potato cake. I search for ingredients that have kind of seen better days. This is pecorino, this is a bit moldy. Now people might think (groan) just throw it out. But just scrape it off and throw it in the potato cake. Now you don’t want to throw this out–I mean this is good cheese still. Now, the parmigiano, same thing, little chunks. Next, some freshly grated parmigiano, this will help bind everything together.
By saying it’s a “clean out the fridge” potato cake, he means that he takes many old things out of his fridge and puts them into the potato cake. The ingredients will include old food from the fridge that’s almost rotten and no longer good.
seen better days= was in better condition in the past
to throw out= to put in the garbage can
And in this context, “just scrape it off” means to peel away the mold that’s growing on the outside of the cheese.
A little bit of olive oil. Give it a good mix. Mmm, you can really smell the pancetta, all the cheese. I love this potato cake and most do, because it’s a cross between mashed potatoes and baked potatoes with some of your favorite cheeses and of course pancetta. And growing up, we used to have this all the time at family picnics. Now just get a regular baking dish and put everything in. Just smooth it out. Lastly, some bread crumbs right on top and this forms a beautiful crust when it gets baked in the oven. Not a bad potato cake.
In this context, “and most do” means “most other people do the same thing that I do.”
a cross between= a combination of
to smooth out= to make the surface or texture of something free of lumps, wrinkles, inconsistencies, or imperfections