Advice for Improving Your TOEFL Writing Skills

For a lot of people, writing is the least rewarding skill to study. Unlike reading and listening, it’s not easy to track your progress, and the way that we practice writing tends to be pretty dry and boring. In this post, I’m going to try to correct this by offering some ways on how to practice writing for the TOEFL, and how to make this practice more rewarding, and hopefully even enjoyable.


Read other people’s essays

You’re probably already reading a lot of non-fiction to prepare for the reading section of the test. Unfortunately, the material you’re probably reading for that may not be the most helpful material from which to study writing. After all, if you can already write like a professional, why are you even reading this post? You can get a better feel for what the TOEFL requires—and also get inside the test scorers’ heads—by reading other student work. The ETS Official Guide is a great resource: it includes not only sample essays, but it grades them and and tells you why each essay received the grade that it did.


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Learn to pre-write

You won’t have time to create a full-fledged outline during the test itself, but it’s definitely a good idea to spend a few minutes sketching out the structure of your essay before you start writing. I suggest that you practice outlining in two ways: first of all, find a writing topic (try this list for independent topics) and outline it instead of writing a full essay. This is a skill you can perfect through repetition. Don’t write the essay—just move on and plan the next prompt! You can also take existing essays or articles and use them to create an outline. Then you can look at how the author structured their work, and decide what you like or dislike about it.

Summarize everything

Okay, so maybe you won’t actually summarize everything that you hear or read, but you should do this as often as possible. In order to improve your reading and listening skills, you should be reading in English and listening to native speakers (in lectures, podcasts, documentaries, etc.) regularly. If you’re at home or by a computer, take about ten minutes afterward to summarize what you read or heard. If you wrote an outline, too, that’s even better—you’re practicing several different TOEFL skills all in one exercise.


No tutor? No problem!

One of the major barriers to practicing writing is that you can’t really assess your own writing. Some people solve this problem by hiring a private tutor, but there are other solutions if that’s not your style. Do you have friends who are studying your native language? If so, see if they’re interested in a language swap. Not only will this allow you both to get help from a native speaker (and one that you like talking to!), but also you can help each other stay on track by encouraging each other to write a set number of essays each week. If you don’t have that kind of resource, try using a website like, which provides a network for language learners and native speakers to correct each other’s writing.


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  • Kate Hardin

    Kate has 6 years of experience in teaching foreign language. She graduated from Sewanee in 2012, where she studied and taught German, and recently returned from a year spent teaching English in a northern Russian university. Follow Kate on Google+!

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4 Responses to Advice for Improving Your TOEFL Writing Skills

  1. mohit November 3, 2013 at 11:03 am #

    can you tell me how different is TOEFL writing section as compared to GRE’s?

    • Kate November 4, 2013 at 11:34 am #

      Hi there, Mohit– Great question! There are a couple of major differences between the TOEFL writing section and that of the GRE.

      Let me start by qualifying that statement with one major exception: The independent writing section of the TOEFL and the “Analyze an Issue” section of the GRE are pretty similar. Both ask you to form an opinion about an issue and then defend it. The language in the GRE prompt might be a little trickier, but the topics are not very different.

      As far as differences go, the TOEFL is designed to see how well you can take in and understand information; the GRE, on the other hand, tries to determine how well you can interpret and criticize information. That’s why it’s a better predictor of graduate school success than the TOEFL–because in graduate school, you’re expected to do research.

      There is no listening on the GRE, although the “Analyze an Argument” essay will have a reading section somewhat similar to that of the TOEFL’s integrated essay.

      Check back soon for a post that will deal with this question in greater detail. Thanks, Mohit!

  2. Steve November 5, 2018 at 9:32 pm #

    Hi I am an experienced DDS from Central America . Unfortunately I have been working here in USA too long in a spanish speaking Dental office so as a result my understanding of the English language is no bueno. I am trying to renew my DDS license by going back to school. Most schools need at least an 80. Unfortunately my score was 64. I need advice on what to buy to help me retake the toefl and do better than 80

    • Magoosh Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert November 9, 2018 at 1:30 pm #

      Hi Steve,

      Thanks for reaching out to Magoosh! This is actually a pretty common issue with students who have been in English environments for a long time, and even with native speakers! The TOEFL is a test that requires strategy, so a high English level is necessary but not sufficient to guarantee a high score. The good news is that with a little bit of work and focus on test strategy, you should be able to improve your score significantly.

      Have you seen our TOEFL Premium Programs? Our comprehensive program includes lesson videos, practice tests and expert support to help you reach your target score. You can give us a try with a free trial to see if our program might work for you 🙂

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