The “oy” Diphthong: /ɔɪ/ (Choice/Voice/Noise)
Diphthongs are sounds that contain two sounds within one syllable. If you were to clap for each syllable while you say these words, the diphthong would be part of just one clap. In this article, we’ll talk about how to pronounce the “oy” diphthong, or /ɔɪ/ in British and American English.
How to pronounce the “oy” diphthong
To make the /ɔɪ/ diphthong sound, you will need to know how to make the separate sounds of /ɔ/, as in “law” or “dog”, and /ɪ/, as in “fish” and “pin”, shortly after each other. In a diphthong, the sound slides from the one sound, in this case the /ɔ/ to the /ɪ/. You may notice that your lips stay mostly in the same position, but you can feel your tongue move within your mouth.
The spelling of this diphthong is slightly more predictable than most diphthongs: look for the combination “oi”, usually in the middle of a word or “oy” normally found at the end of the word.
Examples of the /ɔɪ/ diphthong
The “oy” diphthong is commonly used in both British and American English:
- Choice /tʃɔɪs/
- Voice /vɔɪs/
- Noise /nɔɪz/
- Boy /bɔɪ/
- Toy /tɔɪ/
- Employ /ɪmˈplɔɪ/
For more on diphthongs, check out these articles:
- Introduction To Diphthongs
- /eɪ/ (Face/Make/Cake)
- /aɪ/ (Rice/Die/Bike)
- /oʊ/ (No, Low,Go)
- /aʊ/ (Out/Cow/South)
- /eə/ (Bear, Square, Mare) (British English)
- /ɪə/ (Ear/Here/Near) (British English)
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