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TOEFL Integrated Essay Structure

Even though the twenty minutes you have to write the integrated essay will fly by, it’s still worth taking a minute or two to write an outline of your own prior to beginning your response (the test proctor will provide as much scratch paper as you need). Even jotting just a few lines that connect parts of your notes and circle the main examples you want to cover will give you the guidance you need to stay on task when writing your response.

Below I’ve written an outline that demonstrates an effective structure to use on the exam. I highly recommend that you practice writing with this outline as your guide, at least at first. Once you’ve gotten some feedback and have some good practice under your belt, you can deviate from it. At first, though, it’s good to know the rules before you break them, and to have a structure you can rely on when test day comes.

 

I. Introduction

A. General statement about the relationship between the resources you heard and read.

B. Short description of the structure of the lecture

II. Body

A. Paragraph on first point

1. Paraphrase the professor’s point

2. Contrast/compare with the reading

3. Give extra detail on the professor’s point (optional)

B.   Paragraph on second point

1. Paraphrase the professor’s point

2. Contrast/compare with the reading

3. Give extra detail on the professor’s point (optional)

B.   Paragraph on third point

1. Paraphrase the professor’s point

2. Contrast/compare with the reading

3. Give extra detail on the professor’s point (optional)

III. Conclusion

A. Restate the relationship between the two sources (optional)

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