We’ve previously touched on introduction and conclusion paragraphs, but what is the proper body paragraph structure to follow? A solid essay contains several body paragraphs, and the way you write these paragraphs can greatly impact your readers. So, what can you include to make them more effective?
Here are the three typical elements you could include in your body paragraph structure:
1. Topic Sentence
It’s important to transition between your body paragraphs to help improve the organization and flow of your entire essay. Some people choose to start a body paragraph with a transition word, such as “first,” “next,” or “finally.” In some cases, this works well and facilitates the process of transitioning to a new idea.
Another way to help transition between ideas is by including a topic sentence. A topic sentence expresses the main idea of that paragraph. It should clearly state what the paragraph will discuss, and helps the reader know what to expect.
2. Supporting Points
The bulk of your body paragraph should contain supporting points to back up your main ideas. Take a few lines to elaborate or explain these points. For research papers, your supporting points will contain evidence that supports your thesis. This could include statistics, studies, facts, quotations, and other things that will help persuade your reader to see your point of view.
If you’re writing an analysis, this should include your own analysis of the ideas. Let the reader know why you chose to interpret the source in that particular way.
3. Summary Sentence
At the end of your paragraph, you can include a summary sentence. This isn’t necessary for every paragraph. However, it’s a good idea to include it to help your reader remember everything that they just read. Restate the topic sentence in a different way and summarize the main supporting points that you discussed.
Another thing that you can include in your summary sentence is a way to transition to the next point. Think about how the two paragraphs relate to one another. Then, you could include this idea in your summary sentence for a smooth transition between your main ideas.
Final Thought on Body Paragraph Structure
It’s not necessary to follow this body paragraph structure to create an effective paragraph. However, this format can help you create a well-organized body paragraph that smoothly transitions between ideas. As you practice following this body paragraph structure, you’ll find simple ways to elevate the basic structure to something that can help you write an effective essay.