I’ve been getting a lot of student questions on scores for Praxis II, test 5001 (Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects). And I can understand why!

The scoring system for Praxis 5001 is especially confusing because this exam contains four subtests. Moreover, state licensing boards have different score requirements for *every subtest* in 5001! To make matters even more complex, each subtest has *subsections* within it.

Consequently, the score report you see in the test center will likely be confusing. Your Praxis 5001 raw score report *usually* gives you scores by subsection rather than subtest. I say “usually,” because the Praxis is frustratingly inconsistent with the formats of the unofficial score reports they issue in the test center. On occasion, I’ve talked to students who get a really in-depth score report that includes unofficial scaled scores for each subtest. But you can’t count on getting something that “user friendly,” and you’ll probably just get subsection numbers.

## What are the four subtests in Praxis 5001, and what subsections are in each subtest?

Before we really discuss how scoring works for the Praxis Subject Assessment for Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects, let’s take a good look at each subtest.

The 4 subtests in this exam all have their own additional 500X Praxis II code numbers. And each subtest has its own unique subsections and a different total amount of questions. Understanding the differences in the subtests is key to understanding scoring for the overall 5001 exam. So read the following descriptions carefully:

**READING AND LANGUAGE ARTS SUBTEST**

*Praxis code number:*5002

*Total number of questions:*80**Reading and Language Arts, Subsection 1: Reading**

*Number of questions:*38

*Score weight:*worth 47% of the Reading and Language Arts subtest score**Reading and Language Arts, Subsection 2: Writing, Speaking, and Listening**

*Number of questions:*42

*Score “weight”:*worth 53% of the Reading and Language Arts subtest score

**MATHEMATICS SUBTEST**

*Praxis code number:*5003

*Total number of questions:*50**Mathematics, Subsection 1: Numbers and Operations**

*Number of questions:*20

*Score weight:*worth 40% of the Mathematics subtest score**Mathematics, Subsection 2: Algebraic Thinking**

*Number of questions:*15

*Score weight:*worth 30% of the Mathematics subtest score**Mathematics, Subsection 3: Geometry and Measurement, Data, Statistics and Probability**

*Number of questions:*15

*Score weight:*worth 30% of the Mathematics subtest score

**SOCIAL STUDIES SUBTEST**

*Praxis code number:*5004

*Total number of questions: 60***Social Studies, Subsection 1: United States History, Government, and Citizenship**

*Number of questions:*27

*Score weight:*worth 45% of the Social Studies subtest score**Social Studies, Subsection 2: Geography, Anthropology, and Sociology**

*Number of questions:*18

*Score weight:*worth 30% of the Social Studies subtest score**Social Studies, Subsection 3: World History and Economics**

*Number of questions:*15

*Score weight:*worth 25% of the Social Studies subtest score

**SCIENCE SUBTEST**

*Praxis code number:*5005

*Total number of questions:*55**Science, Subsection 1: Earth Science**

*Number of questions: 17 – 18*

*Score weight:*worth 33% of the Science subtest score**Science, Subsection 2: Life Science**

*Number of questions: 18 – 19*

*Score “weight”:*worth 33% of the Science subtest score**Science, Subsection 3: Physical Science**

*Number of questions: 18 – 19*

*Score “weight”:*worth 33% of the Science subtest score

## Understanding Subsection Raw Scores

As I mentioned at the beginning of this article, each of the four subtests (Reading & Language Arts 5002, Mathematics 5003, Social Studies 5004, Science 5005), gets its own individual *scaled score*. (A scaled Praxis II score has a range of 100-200. Both your official and unofficial scores will be in this range.)

As I mentioned, on test day you’ll probably only see the *raw scores* for your subtests once you finish the exam. These raw scores will show you how many answers you got right on each subtest, but won’t convert your number of correct answers into a scaled score.

To make things even more complicated, raw score reports for Praxis 5001 usually show your total number of correct answers by *subsection*, not by subtest. So for instance, your score report for the science subtest might tell you that you got 15 questions right in the Earth Science subsection, 14 right in Life Science, and 13 right in Physical science. But what the score report *won’t* show is your total correct answers for the Science Subtest as a whole. What a headache!

Fortunately, you can use the subsection raw scores to calculate your subtest scaled scores pretty easily. It’s just a matter of knowing which calculations to make.

## How to Convert Subsection Raw Scores into Subtest Scaled Scores

Imagine you’ve just finished your Praxis 5001, and further imagine you were particularly worried about how you did in the Science Subtest (5005). We’ll say that you need to get a 175 on this subtest, and you’re not sure if you made it. Next, imagine that when you look at your unofficial score report in the test center, and this is what it shows you for Science 5005:

- Earth Science: 16
- Life Science: 15
- Physical Science: 14

How on earth can you go from that subsection raw score data to an estimated scaled score for the whole subtest? How can you figure out if you passed this subtest or not? Don’t worry… I’m about to tell you how you can estimate your official score on any Praxis 5001 subtest. It’s a four-step process, but rest assured that the math is not that complicated.

## Converting Subsection Raw Scores into Subtest Scaled Scores

First off, don’t worry too much about the percentage of the subtest that each subsection is worth. Subsection weights are always proportional to the actual number of questions in the subsection. In the Reading and Language Arts subtest, for instance, 38 Reading subsection questions really roughly 47% of the 80 total questions on the subtest. That’s why this subsection is worth 47% of your score. Similarly, the remaining 42 questions in the Writing/ Listening/Speaking subtest is proportional to 53% of 80.

So there are no special, disproportional point weights for any subsections. Because of this, if you add up the total number of answers you got right in each subsection, you’ll have the correct raw score for the whole subtest. This brings us to our first step–and the rest of the steps–for converting your subsection raw scores into a scaled score. (Your scaled score is an estimate of your official score.)

**Step 1:**To get the raw score for the whole subtest, add together the raw points from each subsection of your subtest.*Example:*In the Science subtest raw scores below, you add 16+15+14 to get a total score of 45.

Earth Science: 16

Life Science: 15

Physical Science: 14

**Step 2:**Turn your total number of raw points into a ratio of correct answers to total number of answers.*Example:*The Science subtest has 55 questions total. If your raw score in the Science subtest is 45, you answered 45 out of 55 questions correctly. This is a raw score ratio of 45/55.

**Step 3:**Convert your ratio raw score into a percentage. (This is the percentage of questions you answered correctly in the whole subtest.)*Example:*45/55 = 0.82. Expressed as a percent, 0.82 becomes 82%

**Step 4:**Take the number of your raw score percentage (the percent of answers you got right), and add 100 to that number. This is your approximate scaled score for the subtest. This number should correspond roughly to the official score you’ll get.*Example*: If you got 82% of your questions right on the Praxis 5001 Science subtest, you would add 100 to 82 to estimate your official scaled score. 100 + 82= 182.

And you’ve done it! Now, remember earlier in this post, when I asked you to imagine you needed 175? 182 is comfortably higher than 175. So congratulations, you can imagine you passed the Science subtest! Better yet, this 4-step score calculation process works for the subtests on the *real* Praxis 5001 you took, too.

## Will Your official score for the Praxis 5001 subtests really be the same as your estimate?

I can answer this question with a firm “probably.” However, there’s always a chance your official Praxis 5001 subtest scores will be adjusted from your estimation.

Sometimes the scores on the subtests are adjusted for the relative point weight of individual questions. If a question prompts you to select multiple answers or seems to test more than one important concept, it may be worth more than one point. So the correlation between your number of right answers and your scaled score isn’t always exact.

There’s also a possibility that a subtest score could be adjusted for the relative difficulty of the questions. In other words, if you correctly answer a question that most test-takers get wrong, you may get additional points. However, this kind of “difficulty adjustment” is said to be pretty rare on the Praxis 5001.

## How Do You Calculate your Overall Score for the Whole Praxis 5001 Exam?

You don’t. The Praxis only issues scores on the subtests for Praxis 5001 (Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects). The “5001” number is used only for the purposes of registration. If you register for the Praxis 5001, then you are able to register for all four subtests at once. (This is $70 cheaper than registering for each subtest individually.) But for scoring purposes, there is no Praxis 5001. There are just the separately scored Praxis 5002, 5003, 5004, and 5005 tests. Simple enough, eh? 😉

By the way, sign up for our 1 Week Free Trial to try out Magoosh Praxis Prep!

Hi so my official Praxis 5001 scores are in:

Reading writing 179 = Pass

Social studies 181.=Pass

Science. 196 = Pass

Math. 146 = NOT PASSED

* Interesting point about the Math. There are 50 questions on the test. However there were only 40 available points because 10 of them are pre-test questions and don’t count. I got 23/40 questions which translates to 157.5 and technically a pass. Which can only mean that Praxis makes you do 10 questions that don’t count toward your final score AND they don’t take the 10 questions out of the denominator. EXTREMELY UNFAIR! 23/50 translates to my score of 146.

So I am retaking math…. hopefully next time around any questions I get wrong are pre-test questions.

On the other hand, I am extremely happy with my other scores 😊

How did you prepare for the Science part? What kind of questions?

Hello, I would like to know what tools you used for studying. Thanks!

Update: I took the math 5003 again and this time got 25/50 (only two more correct questions) which led to a unofficial passing score of 159 I hope that the official score is the same.

Stephanie, I’m retaking the math. I score the same. This made me question my approach. Can you tell me what materials you are using ? Thank you very much.

Hi John,

Sorry about the delay. I recommend the ETS timed test because it’s the closest thing that you will get to the real deal. I am so thrilled because I am officially done with all Praxis exams and I start student teaching September 2018. Hang in there, you’ve got this!

Good luck!

Stefanie

Stephanie

We’re your unofficial scores the same as your official scores? How close (or far off) did they wind up being? I’m sitting. The edge of science😲

I got scaled scores for all my tests with the Praxis 5001 that I took this past Saturday. I got an exact 155 on SS and I’m freaking out because that’s the exact score I need to pass the SS section. What are the odds that my official score will be different from the unofficial and below the 155 if at the end of my test at the testing center it said 155? Hope you can help!

Hi Andaleeb,

I definitely can’t tell you the odds, but there is a good chance you’ve passed. Hang tight and cross your fingers. Good luck! 🙂

AAfter my exam I flipped through my unfficial overall subtest scores and recieved a 157 on science (passing is 159!). Could the official scores be different or is that it?

Hi Tara,

It is possible that you could get the 159 you need, but I would personally start making arrangements for a retake, because you are also potentially going to fall disappointingly short of that score. I’ll send you all my best wishes!

I got a 158 and wondering is the official score will change

Hi Raquel,

The official score differs from the unofficial score only in rare cases. Most likely, the official score will remain the same.

Hi Tara! Did you end up passing the science portion or did you have to retake it? I scored a 155 today also. Passing is 159

Hi, I recently took the multiple subjects and passed everything but the science section. My category scores were 9, 2, and 11. I know there not very good but to pass you had to get a 144 and if I calculated right like you showed above I got a 144? I could have done this wrong but was just curious because my actual score was a lot lower.

Hi Haley,

As we mention at the bottom of this blog post, these calculations are only estimates of your score. I also got around a 144 given your category scores, so this might be an example of an adjustment that defies our simplified score calculation.

Hi. I just want to see if my thought process is right… So if my state requires a 155 on one section of the test, thats saying I only need a 55% to get a passing grade? I know this is just an estimate of my actual score, but simply speaking

Simply speaking, yes. 55% is roughly equivalent to a 155.

Hi, So i just took the Praxis 5001 exam today. I am a little confused by the numbers I got at the end. For my reading subsections I got a 25 and 26. So when I calculate it out I would get around a 163 for my unofficial score. However, at the top of my results screen it said 181in bold font. I am confused by that 181 because I thought that you didn’t immediately get your praxis test results back and even that was it, it isn’t close to the unofficial score I calculated. This was the case for all of my subtests. Can someone explain this to me? Thanks!

Hi Jamie,

As David noted in this blog post, this estimation isn’t perfect, and there may be some adjustments for difficulty. It sounds like the 181 was your unofficial score, but you may have to wait for your official results to be sure! Congrats on a great score 🙂

Hi Jamie – This happened to me too – did you get your official scores yet? Do they match up with the unofficial scores? My unofficial scores on screen all seemed to be way higher than what my raw scores would add up to be.

Did the official score match?

Hello!

Pennsylvania requires taking the fundamental subjects 5511 now. Do you have any information on that? Thanks !

Hi Alexa,

Our website focuses on the Praxis Core, so we don’t have any specific information on Praxis 5511. I recommend that you start with the ETS website for the 5511 test and go from there!

Hi Everyone … this is super helpful. I have a question along the lines of Jamie. When I saw the score page it said the following: Math Subtest 180 (in bold) followed what I believed to be my raw scores: 14, 10, 8. Based the my calculations I think I have a 164 which is passing for RI. Which is my actual score because the 180 doesn’t make sense to me? Thanks!

You’re right– that should be closer to a 164, Katie. I’m not sure what to tell you about that large adjustment. My assumption is that there are quite a few answers that are “weighted”– worth more points in your score than other answers. Unfortunately, ETS isn’t very transparent about their scoring process, so it would be very difficult to know why these surprisingly high scores are happening. Still, it’s great news for test-takers like you and Jamie. 🙂

Super helpful information! I’m sitting in my car in 100° weather after having just completed the 5001. With your help, I’m confident I passed everything but the dang math subtest. I’m looking at a146.. 157 need in ID. Onward!

Congrats on taking the test, Sarah! Thanks for sharing your experience. I’m so glad that this information was helpful!

Just got done with my test. My unofficial scores are 163 SS, 173 LA, 177 Science, 183 Math. When I looked for my state I passed all four sections. How many points can these unofficial scores fluctuate? I only passed the SS by 6 points. The others there is a bit more leeway.

Thanks for your help!

Scores seldom fluctuate by more than 5 points, and most commonly, you’ll see an adjustment of 1 to 3 points. It’s highly likely that you passed everything, including SS. Congratulations, Kimberly! 😀

Hi, How does Praxis Math Core differ from Praxis Math 5003?

That’s a good question. The two tests are very similar in terms of content and concepts. You can compare the basic features of the exams directly by looking at page 9 of the Elementary Education Multiple Subjects Study Companion and looking at page 5 of the Core Math Study Companion.

You can also compare the quality of the questions side-by-side by looking at those two Study Companions more in-depth. What I can tell you is that the Core Math exam appears to be a little bit more advanced. This is likely because Math 5003 tests only the level of knowledge you’d need to teach math at an elementary level. Core Math, in contrast, is a much more general test, designed to assess teachers who may go on t teach math all the way up to high school.

I scored 146 on math 5003. I got 12/16 right in the numbers and operations

4/12 right in algebra and 5/12 right in geometry/stats.

How many more questions do I need to get s passing score of 157?

Hi Ari,

If you are aiming for a 157, you’ll want to get at least 57% percent of the overall questions correct. I would recommend aiming for at least 60% just to be safe! That would mean getting at least 10/16 in numbers and operations, 7/12 in algebra and 7/12 in geometry/stats. Keep in mind that these are only estimate, and it will vary test to test 🙂

Hello,

I took the Praxis this morning, and in my state, minimum passing scores are as follows:

Reading: 157

Math: 157

Social Studies: 155

Science: 159

My raw score in reading was 167, and math was 185. I know one of the raw scores I got in social studies or science was 177, and I believe the other was in the 170’s. The one I am most concerned about is the reading because I only scored 10 points higher than the minimum. Do you think when they adjust for weight, I would still get a passing score on all 4 sections? Thanks!

Hi Robyn!

Because there are only 80, 50, 60, and 55 questions in the Reading, Math, Social Studies, and Science sections, respectively, it looks like those were your unofficial scores. 🙂 Unofficial scores rarely differ from official scores, so it looks like you’ve passed. Congratulations! 😀

I took Math 5003 and my unofficial score appeared 190 followed by raw score 15, 10, 8 respectively in three subsections.

Can you explain these score calculations?

I just took this test today. How picky is ETS on breaks? I took two short bathroom breaks (2 minutes and 3 minutes). I also seemed to have scored very high according to my unofficial scores. Does this seem right? How long does it take to get the official scores? Thanks!

Reading 194

Math 200

Social studies 192

Science 200

Taking a bathroom break shouldn’t affect your scores in and of itself. By this, I mean that ETS does not alter your score specifically because they observed you taking bathroom breaks. A bathroom break can indirectly affect your score if it breaks you concentration, although that doesn’t sound like a problem here. 🙂 Congratulations on your high unofficial scores! As for how long it takes for you to get your Praxis scores, that depends on the test and its content. Jamie has written a good article on the different timelines here: https://magoosh.com/praxis/about-praxis-exam/praxis-scores/long-get-praxis-scores/ . In any case, it should take no more than a few weeks!

This is a great article! I just took my Praxis 5001 today and I passed 3 of the sub-tests but I only received 149 on the Social Studies sub-test. Falling just short of passing. I felt like I had done well on it, so I am not quite sure how to go about studying for this next round. I honestly felt like I knew the material better than my score showed. Even now, looking back at my study material, some of the questions that I was unsure of, I had marked right. I am just confused and don’t know the best way to study for the retake. Also, do you know if the retake is similar or harder than the multi-subject since it is just concentrating on the one subject? Thanks in advance!

Sorry to hear your score fell just short of what you needed, Heidi. That sounds frustrating!

The good news is that most students find a retake of just one individual test to be easier. A for the best way to study for that retake, it can help to go through official questions, so you can see exactly which kinds of questions you’re missing, and target your weaknesses during your prep. Have you used the practice questions in the official Study Companion or official web-based practice test yet?

this needs an update because there are now 60 question in social studies and 55 questions in science

Hi Natalie!

Thanks for pointing this out. 🙂 I’ll let our content team know so they can fix this right away. Feel free to let us know if you see anything else like this!

This is super helpful everyone. My cert lapsed and now have to take this test after teaching for many years. Took the practice test for math and did not pass! I am going to take the actual test tomorrow.

is the praxis test math harder than the actual test?

Hi Carolina, I’m afraid I don’t understand your question…can you clarify which test you are talking about? You reference the “praxis test math” and the “actual test”, so I’m not sure what you are trying to compare.

Hi my name is raquel and I just took the praxis science 5005, passing score is 159 and I got a 158 is there a chance the official score can change, it was only one point down.

The official score differs from the unofficial score only in rare cases. Most likely, the official score will remain the same.