Scope Management: PMP Questions to Study

Scope Management PMP Questions to Study

Do you know your Scope Management? Take this short sample quiz to test your Project Scope Management knowledge and hone in on your study skills.

Scope Management PMP Questions

1. “Product scope” is best defined as which of the following:

A. The features and functions that characterize a product, service, or result
B. The work performed to deliver a product, service, or result with the specified features and functions
C. The scope baseline
D. The plan to manage the changes to a product.

2. You are a new project manager that is replacing a previous project manager. You want to know more about the scope baseline of the project. Which three documents will be most useful to you?

A. Project Management Plan, Scope Management Plan, WBS
B. Scope Management Plan, WBS, WBS Dictionary
C. Project scope statement, WBS, WBS Dictionary
D. Project scope statement, Scope Management Plan, WBS

3. You as the project manager are in the planning phase of your project. In order to collect all of the scope requirements, you want to use a systematic approach to evaluate and rank many ideas that are generated by your team. Which group creativity technique should you use?

A. Brainstorming
B. Idea/mind mapping
C. Facilitated workshops
D. Multicriteria decision analysis

4. Which of the following is contained in the project charter but not the project scope statement?

A. Progressively elaborated project description
B. Project purpose or justification
C. Acceptance criteria
D. Project deliverables

5. In a meeting, a team member describes the project scope statement as the decomposition of all of the work to be carried by the project team to accomplish the project and create the required documents. What is wrong with this team member’s statement?

A. The team member is actually describing the WBS.
B. The team member is actually describing work packages.
C. The team member is actually describing the scope management plan.
D. The team member is not wrong.

6. Which of the following individuals in most crucial in validating scope?

A. Program manager
B. Project manager
C. Project sponsor or customer
D. Quality assurance manager

7. What tool or technique would a project manager use to control scope?

A. Variance analysis
B. Inspection
C. Expert judgment
D. Product analysis

Answers

1. A. The features and functions that characterize a product, service, or result. – For this problem, you need to know and identify the differences between product and project scope. Product scope refers more narrowly to the features of what is being produced, while the project scope refers to all of the work done to complete the project and may include product scope (PMBOK, 105).

2. C. Project scope statement, WBS, WBS Dictionary. – This question tests your knowledge about baselines. If you don’t know the definitions for all of the baselines in a project, put them on your brain dump or study them until you do. PMBOK defines the scope baseline as these three documents (105).

3. D. Multicriteria decision analysis. Use the context of this problem to determine that you are collecting requirements to plan scope. Facilitated workshops are not a group creativity technique, so eliminate it. Out of the three remaining group creativity techniques, choose the best fit, which is multicriteria decision analysis. Need to learn more about this topic? Check out our full article on studying the Collect Requirements process.

4. B. Project purpose or justification. The PMBOK Guide makes a point to describe how the project charter and project scope statement are sometimes subtly different. Review the PMBOK Guide on pages 123-124 if you got this question wrong and perhaps even if you got it right to ensure that you know the difference. If you get caught by not being 100% sure, think about the documents. Cue words like “high-level” and “preliminary” make it likely that you are dealing with the project charter, while words like “progressive elaboration” typically refer to project scope. If you don’t know, B was a well-educated guess!

5. A. The team member is actually describing the WBS. PMBOK defines the WBS as “a hierarchical decomposition of the total scope of work to be carried out by the project team to accomplish the project objectives and create the required deliverables” (126). Knowing that “hierarchical” and “decomposition” are keyword for the WBS is important here, as well as knowing the definition for WBS. It’s likely that you’ll learn the definition for WBS in the course of studying because you will encounter it so often.

6. C. Project sponsor or customer. – In the Validate Scope phases, the project sponsor or customer provides formal acceptance of the project deliverables. This process is closely related to Control Quality, and you’ll encounter many questions in your studies asking you to delineate between Control Quality and Validate Scope. The key difference is that an internal team works on Control Quality, while an external source (the customer or sponsor) must Validate Scope.

7. A. Variance analysis – Although all of these choices are tools and techniques in the project scope management knowledge area, variance analysis is the only tool and technique for the control scope process. If you don’t remember this — and remember, we don’t recommend memorizing — use context clues to help you figure it out. First, determine which process group you are in — because you are controlling scope, you are of course monitoring and controlling. When you are in the monitoring and controlling process group, you know that you are comparing what actually happened in the project to the project baseline. The only answer that makes sense, then, is variance analysis. To read more about the Control Scope process, start on page 136 of the PMBOK guide.

What confuses you most about project scope management? Comment, and we’ll get you on the right track.

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