Does the Miller Analogies Test measure IQ?

The Miller Analogies Test and IQ come up a lot together. It’s one of the most popular exams for high IQ societies like Triple Nine, or Prometheus. Yet, it’s not a full-fledged IQ test. Let’s look at what the Miller Analogies Test actually says about IQ:

Does the Miller Analogies Test measure IQ?

The short answer: no. But it’s more complicated than that.

An IQ test is a standardized exam that measures your ability in several cognitive areas: verbal, mathematical, visual-spatial, and logical. These are the broad categories of what is called “cognitive intelligence” by researchers, but would simply be “intelligence” to the rest of us. IQ tests will measure your abilities in each and provide you with an IQ score that you can use to compare your cognitive intelligence to the rest of the population.

If you have looked at our blogs on Miller Analogies Test scores, you know that the MAT does not provide an IQ score. Thus, it’s not technically an IQ test since it does not aim to measure IQ broadly. It does test one area though…

MAT and verbal intelligence

The MAT looks essentially the same as the verbal section of an IQ test. It also uses analogies, which are one of the best tools for testing logical reasoning. Even though the MAT does not provide an IQ score, it is testing the same abilities that are used on the verbal and logical sections of an IQ test.

Now despite what many people say, it is not a rule that if you are good at verbal, you are bad at math or vice versa. In fact, all the cognitive domains are correlated in that if a person scores high on any one of them, they will likely do well on at least a few of them. Thus, if you score well on the MAT, we can infer that you would do well on an actual IQ test.

This is why high IQ societies accept the MAT even though it is not technically an IQ test. But there are limits to what the MAT can say about your IQ.

MAT: High Scores vs. Low Scores

The MAT is considered valid for measuring high IQ. Mensa once accepted IQs in the 98th percentile: an IQ of 132 or higher. That’s an MAT score above 430 (* estimate*). We can assume this MAT score correlates to a 98th percentile score on an IQ test. But what about a score below that? Well, all we know is that the average score on the MAT is 400, and this may correlate with the average IQ score (100). But the MAT cannot tell us about your IQ if you score above 400 but less than 430. That’s a grey area.

Note that as of 2019, Mensa no longer accepts the MAT as an IQ test. However other high IQ societies still do.

Summary

The MAT can “stand-in” for IQ tests at the high range, possibly at the average range, but we have no data we can use to convert other MAT scores to IQ.