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What do Role of Statement Questions look like?

Role of Statement questions ask you to pick the answer choice that best describes the function of (typically) one sentence within the argument. Take the following argument as an example:

Staring at a computer screen all day can damage your eyes. However, computer programs to exercise your eyes while at work are becoming more popular. Therefore, staring at computer screens will be less likely to cause eye damage in the future.

The second sentence is 1) a piece of evidence that 2) supports the conclusion by 3) countering the first piece of evidence. This is a detailed description of why the author included that sentence in the argument. The author started with a fact that was contrary to his conclusion, so he needed something in the middle to get from point A to point B.

Check out the post LSAT Logical Reasoning Role of Statement Questions for a more detailed overview of this question type and how to approach it, or visit our Logical Reasoning Library for tons of information on this section of the exam.

Below is a list of some of the common ways in which a Role of Statement question can be phrased. If you’ve seen one that isn’t on this list, please leave it in a comment so we can include it.
 

  • Which of the following most accurately describes the role played in the argument by the claim that…
  • The claim that [some claim] plays which one of the following roles in the argument?
  • Which one of the following most accurately describes the relationship between [Person 1]’s statements and [Person 2]’s statements?
  • Which one of the following is the most accurate evaluation of the statement that…


 
Most Role of Statement questions will have the word “role” in them, though “relationship” or “function” appear occasionally as well. The second to last example could be interpreted as a Method of Argument question since it addresses the entire stimulus. However, it’s asking us to look at how each statement individually functions. This illustrates the similarity between Role of Statement and Method of Argument questions: the former is basically a more detailed version of the latter.

The last example above is a very unusual structure and might be hard to recognize as a Role of Statement question. With Strengthen questions, the trick is to identify that the question is asking you what function a particular sentence plays in the argument. Why is it there? What is it accomplishing?
 
 

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