What is the JEE Advanced Pattern?

The beauty of the JEE-Advanced exam lies in the fact that the pattern tends to be unpredictable. The exact pattern tends to surprise most examinees, because of the sheer number of combination of categories of questions. Add to it the varied marking schemes, and you have an exam pattern which is sufficient to beguile even the brightest students. Keep reading to know more about the JEE Advanced pattern.

Exam structure

The exam is comprised of two papers which have a time duration of three hours, each with a break of 2 hours in between. The categories of questions include single correct type, multiple option correct type, integer answer type, matrix matching type, comprehension passage type and few more. Each of these question categories has a beauty of their own. The last two years i.e. 2016 and 2017, have followed almost a similar pattern of questions. Given the JEE Exam Committee’s dislike towards redundancy, it would be wise to expect a different pattern in JEE Advanced in the year 2018.

The two papers of JEE Advanced have three sections, Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. All the three sections have the same pattern in the same paper. The two papers usually don’t follow the same pattern and tend to be different so that all types of questions are covered. The most important part of attending the paper is to go through the rules and the marking scheme mentioned on the paper, especially the marking, as it is has been pretty dynamic over the years; and it is necessary to keep the marking scheme in mind while answering questions.

Types Of Questions

The JEE Advanced pattern, since it has become objective type, has always had a mix of questions with no negative marking and questions which involve negative marking for wrong answers. It used to have a maximum of 25% negative marks per question, if at all. But starting from 2015, it invoked a negative marking system of 50% for multiple correct questions, i.e for a question having a value of 4 marks, the negatives were -2 marks rather than the traditional -1 for an incorrect answer.

The above mentioned pattern was slightly changed in the year 2016, where partial marking scheme was introduced for multiple option correct type questions, wherein marks were awarded for the number of correct options answered bubbled. It appears pretty simple, but there is a catch — if you even bubble a single incorrect option, you get a -2. So if you bubble 2 out of 3 correct options correctly you get a +2, you bubble 3 out of 3 you get +4, and if you get a single incorrect option you get -2.

The next type of questions in the JEE Advanced pattern is the single correct type. As the name suggests, the questions have only one correct option; if you answer correctly you get full marks, if answer incorrectly you get negatives, and if you leave it, no credits for you.

Then come the integer type of questions — these questions have their answers as an integer between 0 and 9. These questions have been free from negatives for a few years.

The next question type in the JEE Advanced pattern is the comprehension or linked passage type of questions. This type of questions have a passage about a certain topic or a phenomenon, and the 2 or 3 questions that follow are based on that passage, but it helps to have knowledge in that area which will make your task easier while answering those questions.

JEE Advanced pattern also has another interesting type of question, i.e the matching type. This type can again be divided into two sub-types — simple matching and matrix matching type.

Simple matching has two columns, with one option in column 1 matching with only one option in column 2. But in matrix matching, one option in column 1 can match with multiple options in column 2. Whether there will be negative marking in this pattern or not is unpredictable.

More About JEE Advanced

I have covered the major types of questions that are relevant to the JEE Advanced pattern, but again, the pattern of JEE Advanced 2018 may surprise us all. Now coming to the point of how the exam is conducted, till the year 2017 the exam was conducted offline and was a pen and paper test. But due to the controversy created in JEE Advanced in 2017, the exam is going to online to maintain transparency and avoid goof-ups in the future. Going online will help in preventing printing errors in the question paper as mentioned by the Joint Admission Board.

I discussed the JEE Advanced pattern till this year, but what about the pattern for the year 2018? Well, no one can be entirely sure of that apart from the Joint Admission Board. From statements received from the sources at the JAB, and if the reports of various national dailies are to be believed, then the JEE Advanced pattern may undergo a drastic change.

The reports suggest that JAB may totally or partially do away with the multiple choice question types and replace them with short answer type of questions. If these reports are true, this changes everything. MCQs can in some cases be answered correctly by using the method of elimination or in certain cases verification.

The advent of short questions means you have to know everything to be able to answer the question and moreover, they will test your English skills and your proficiency of expression and presentation skills in addition to aptitude and analytical skills. Short questions also mean that the variety of questions that can be set increases and the liberty of the examiner about setting questions increases manifolds and the JEE Advanced pattern becomes more dynamic and perhaps difficult.

In the end, what matters is your understanding of the subject. The paper pattern can remain the same or it may change, the mode of the exam will become online. But at the end of the day, what is going to matter is how you have learnt the concepts and how you apply them. All the best with your JEE preparations and may the odds always be in your favour.

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