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]]>The topics that are covered in the JEE are almost the same as the board exams. There can be a little variation in syllabus depending upon which education board you appear for. Mostly, the 10 + 2 CBSE syllabus is identical to the JEE Main syllabus. However, despite the similarities, both exams test contrasting skill sets.

Board examinations are theory-based where almost every question tests your awareness of the basic definitions and derivations involving a particular topic. The exam paper may require you to write answers whose length may vary from a few lines to almost a page. In such cases, you should keep in mind that most of the education boards lay emphasis on keywords for each answer.

On the contrary, the JEE syllabus delves deep into your understanding of concepts and examines your ability to apply these concepts to solve different real-life problems. It is an objective paper, consisting of ~90 questions that you need to solve in 3 hours. The time constraint along with the difficulty level puts a great deal of stress on the candidate.

While both the boards and JEE syllabus focus on numericals, the scope of board exam does not extend beyond some basic problems which can easily be solved if you know the formulae. On the other hand, questions from JEE are not so straightforward, and demand good conceptual understanding. You need to practice regularly and have a good grasp of the topics involved in order to perform well in the JEE.

Another difference is the width of the curriculum. The board syllabus is usually limited to the topics covered in class 12th, while the JEE syllabus encompasses everything taught in the two years of classes 11th and 12th. This gives students an opportunity to focus towards the JEE during the first year, and develop strong foundations.

Apart from this, you should note the fact that some JEE topics are not a part of your school curriculum. These topics will vary depending on the board you study in. Therefore, you should thoroughly go through the prescribed JEE syllabus as well as your Boards syllabus.

When you are preparing for the boards and JEE simultaneously, you should adopt different strategies for both of them. Usually, there is a pattern in the questions asked in your board exams. Some questions get repeated over the years. It is recommended that you go through the past papers as many times as possible. This is not the case with the JEE syllabus. Although questions with a similar concept may get repeated, you’ll almost never see the exact question twice.

For the board exam, you need to be good at presenting your answers. Although it is rare, you may lose marks for illegible handwriting and poor presentation. There are a few topics that will fetch you easy marks if you learn them by heart. The same does not apply to the JEE. The JEE is more about thinking and implementing. The more you practice, the better you will score in the JEE.

Also, if you are well prepared with the JEE syllabus, you can do great in your board exam! But the converse is not true. You need to be clear in your goal and stay motivated towards it. All the best!

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]]>The post Difference Between JEE Main and JEE Advanced Syllabus appeared first on Magoosh JEE Blog.

]]>The principal thing which arrives in a student’s mind is that what are the distinctions of syllabuses of JEE Main and JEE Advanced. In this way, a student must know the syllabus and how to get ready for it. So here we are having a short discourse about the fundamental contrasts of the syllabus.

**Sets, Relations and Functions:** Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; power set; relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations

**Statistics and Probability:** Measures of Dispersion; calculation of mean, median. Mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

**Trigonometry:** Heights and Distances

**Mathematical Reasoning:** Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contra positive.

**Electronic Devices:** Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diodes as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and Oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

**Electromagnetic Waves:** Electromagnetic waves; Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves; Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves; Electromagnetic spectrum; Applications of Electromagnetic waves

**Communication Systems:** Electromagnetic waves’ propagation; Amplitude and Frequency Modulation; Bandwidth of signals & transmission medium; Basic elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

**Biomolecules: **Vitamins – Classification and functions; Nucleic acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA

**Chemistry in Everyday Life:** Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaning and common examples. Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples. Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action

Everything from JEE Advanced syllabus is also in JEE Main syllabus.

**Thermal Physics:** Newton’s law of cooling; Blackbody radiation; Absorptive and Emmissive powers; Kirchoff’s law; Wein’s Displacement Law; Stefan’s Law.

**Electrochemistry:** Equivalent Conductivity

**Nuclear Chemistry:** Radioactivity; Properties of alpha, beta and gamma rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

Having shrouded the syllabus contrasts in JEE Main and JEE Advanced, we should observe different contrasts between the two.

Score got in JEE Advance will be the criteria to get into the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). You must know the distinction between the JEE Main exam, which is organized by the CBSE, and the JEE Advanced, which is directed by the IITs.

The primary differences between the two exams are:

- JEE Main enables those applicants who wish to obtain a degree in BE or B.Tech courses in the National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and engineering colleges of the states that participate in the JEE Main. The JEE Main is also the qualification test that allows the students to show up in the JEE Advanced exam, which is the exam for admission in the IITs.
- JEE Main conducts 2 papers, but those who want to take admission in B.E./B.Tech course have to give only Paper 1. The candidates must sit for both Paper 1 and Paper 2 in JEE Advanced to get admission into engineering courses in IITs. Selection of the candidates is decided on the basis of the All India Rank (AIR) secured by them in the JEE Advanced exam.
- JEE Advanced exam can be taken only two times (the year in which you give board examination and the next year) while JEE Main can be taken three times.
- JEE Main checks mostly your speed and your basic knowledge of the subjects, while JEE Advanced requires strong grasp of the fundamentals and advanced concepts to solve problems.

You must have a look at this when you are going to take JEE Main exam as you can skip those which are not included in it, and then the same for JEE Advanced exam.

Best of luck!

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]]>The post The Most Important Chapters for JEE Mains Physics, Maths, and Chemistry appeared first on Magoosh JEE Blog.

]]>Since JEE Mains declares the season of engineering entrances open, it holds a special importance in the minds of all aspirants. A number of students start preparing for JEE Mains in the last few months and as a result of this, they need to know the important chapters for JEE Mains.

Predicting the most important chapters for JEE Mains is a tough task since the number of questions is more in it and because of the same, the probability of each chapter getting asked becomes higher. JEE Mains has a good mix of chapters each year and thirty questions are asked in each subject. Skipping out on the chapters is not advisable. Knowing a bit about all minor topics too is important. But to save yourself from the problems of leaving any very important chapter, I will discuss and highlight the most important chapters that you shouldn’t skip while preparing for JEE Mains.

Physics contains a number of memory-based chapters towards the end of the course which are specific to JEE Mains only. Some of these chapters are namely, semiconductors, communication systems and modern physics. Students generally try skipping these chapters. Skipping these chapters completely isn’t advisable since it fetches easy marks and they are always asked in some or the other way in JEE Mains.

In case of a lack of time preparing them from summary sheet would help a lot. Here is a list and details of chapters that you should definitely not skip while preparing physics for JEE Mains:

**Electrostatics:**This chapter is a part of the syllabus of class 12th and is asked very frequently in JEE Mains. The number of questions asked from this chapter is also more in number comparatively.**Atoms and Nuclei:**This chapter is almost the last chapter of the entire JEE syllabus and is considered to be boring by a lot of students. Since it is generally a JEE Mains specific topic, students tend to skip it. However, this topic is an important one and might have more than a single question. Also, it will fetch easy marks and thus, shouldn’t be skipped entirely.**Oscillations and Waves:**This chapter is full of formulas and is also asked in an easy form in the exam. A little emphasis on it would fetch you some easy marks.**Current electricity:**This chapter is pretty much analogous to electrostatics and is also taught in class 12th.

The above chapters were the most chapters of the lot. However, don’t skip chapters entirely for JEE Mains. But yes, you should be thorough and perfect with the above mentioned important chapters.

Chemistry is full of topics which require complete mugging up of chapters. This makes students skip out on a lot of topics and sometimes even on the entire unit of inorganic chemistry.

In chemistry, organic, inorganic and physical chemistry all have the same weightage in the JEE Mains exam, but each of these have certain chapters which carry the maximum weightage as discussed below.

**Organic compounds containing oxygen:**This chapter contains in depth content on aldehydes and ketones. This topic is taught in class 12th and since it contains two important classes of compounds it has a greater weightage in JEE Mains. Named reactions are commonly asked from this chapter.**Ionic and chemical equilibrium:**These chapters are important topics of physical chemistry. Doing their formulas and concepts thoroughly is much needed for JEE Mains.**Chemical bonding:**This chapter is a part of inorganic chemistry and is taught in class 11th. It is an easier part of inorganic chemistry and while preparing this chapter you must refer to the NCERT too.**Thermodynamics and heat:**Though this chapter is a part of both physics and chemistry it is a widely asked one since it has different conventions in both the subjects. Also if it is prepared one can attempt questions of it from both subjects with a basic idea of conventions used in each subject.**Coordination compounds:**This topic is important for both JEE Mains and Advance. It is taught in class 12th and is widely asked in almost all engineering entrances.**Biomolecules and polymers:**These topics require a lot of efforts in terms of learning each and every minute detail but these topics are very important for JEE Mains since they are always asked and can be answered directly with rote learning. Thus, these questions give marks with a minimum usage of time if one remembers these chapters.

These topics from chemistry are the most important ones. Chemistry should be done with utmost care as it is a very scoring subject and less time taking too. Also, many questions can be answered by just looking at the options in chemistry. Thus, try to leave out as less as possible in chemistry.

Mathematics in JEE Mains is again a scoring portion but it is also the most lengthy portion. Mathematics thus, requires the maximum input in terms of practice and efforts. Therefore, knowing important chapter for JEE Mains mathematics is very essential.

**Integration:**This topic is taught as definite and indefinite integrals and is taught in class 12th. This chapter is used widely in physics too and is very important for JEE Mains.**Vector and 3D:**These are the last two topics of the entire JEE Mains syllabus of mathematics. The questions from these are asked each year and that too in a larger number as compared to other topics.**Coordinate geometry:**Straight lines and circles are those chapters of this unit that are very frequently asked. A little practice and complete concept understanding helps in doing well in all its questions.**Permutations and Combinations and Probability:**These chapters are very much inter-related and the questions from them are the most interesting and logical ones. Questions from these chapters are asked frequently and require a lot of practice and concept application part.**Trigonometry:**Questions from inverse trigonometry and trigonometric equations are important and also they fetch easy marks. Many times the answer can be reached by option checking and thus, due to its easy nature this unit must not be skipped.

Mathematics requires time and patience. Apart from these, there are many easy topics which can be prepared for getting good marks in lesser time. But yes, the above ones must not be skipped in any case.

In the above points, I discussed the most important topics for JEE Mains. To add to it, every subject in JEE Mains contains roughly 30 chapters. The questions asked per subject in JEE Mains is also 30. Thus, they can ask bits of each chapter. The best advice would be to be very thorough with the above-mentioned chapters and seeing through every other chapter too. In the worst case scenario, you should see summary sheets or formulas of each topic which you haven’t done properly.

It always happens that some topics are fixed and are asked always. The others are asked in rotation through various years. Thus, the best thing would be sitting down and analyzing the past 10 years papers at least to get a fair idea of the paper pattern and also to know the most important chapters for JEE.

Apart from this, it is never advisable to leave out the JEE Mains specific chapters, i.e. the ones that are not in the JEE Advance syllabus. The reason for the same is that they are bound to come and they also don’t require much effort. JEE Mains requires a lot of smart studies as it requires a good combination of speed and accuracy. Once the last month is approaching you should just focus on mock tests and revision in short ways. Every time you sit down for revision focus more on the above-mentioned important topics.

All the best!

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]]>The post What Is the Chapter Wise Weightage for JEE Main appeared first on Magoosh JEE Blog.

]]>Physics is generally considered as the hardest of all the three subjects in JEE Mains. Keeping this in mind, you must analyze the previous 10 years question papers of JEE Mains/AIEEE to get an idea of weightage, backed up by data.

Highest weightage is that of ‘Mechanics’, this includes all the questions of Optics, Electrostatics and Magnetism. So focus mainly on the mechanics part of class 11th for a clear understanding of the entire JEE Mains Physics.

- Relative motion (Problem of river & boat), Projectile motion (Simple manipulation of the formulas of -Range, Maximum Height and Time of Flight), Conservation of momentum and also energy collisions (only standard questions are asked).
- Newton’s gravitational law, Kepler’s laws, Satellites. Rigid body dynamics, Moment of inertia and dynamics of rotational motion.
- Fluid Mechanics: Pascal’s law, Bernoulli’s principle, Viscosity & Reynolds’ number.
- Simple Harmonic Motion, Transverse & Longitudinal waves: Superposition and Reflection, Standing waves & Beats, Doppler’s effect for both sound and light.

Every year, at least 3 to 4 questions are asked definitely from Heat and Thermodynamics.

- Kinetic theory of gases (questions on Ideal Gases are asked), Calorimetry (Usually Principle based questions).
- Detailed study of Adiabatic, Isothermal, Isochoric & Isobaric processes. First law of Thermodynamics and its applications, Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot Cycle, Refrigerators and Heat Pumps.

5 to 6 questions are asked in JEE Mains from this section.

- Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field, Field Lines and Flux, Continuous Charge Distribution and Gauss’s Law (Simple application based problems mostly)
- Electrostatics of Conductors and Dielectrics, Capacitance and Capacitors (Problems on Parallel Plate Capacitor MUST be practiced)
- Motion in Electric and Magnetic Field, Biot-Savart Law, Ampere Circuital Law and Working of Cyclotron.

Relatively easy and the most scoring section of JEE Mains Physics. 4 to 5 questions are asked from these chapters.

- Series and parallel arrangements of resistors and cells, Kirchhoff’s law and its simple applications and Heating effect of current. Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge and Potentiometer (one question is sure shot from any of these bold topics).
- Magnetic Flux and Faraday’s Laws of Induction, Motional EMF and Eddy currents, Inductance (Self & Mutual). AC voltage applied to LR, CR and LCR circuits, Working of AC Generator and DC motor.

This is perhaps the easiest section to take care of considering that all the questions asked are completely formula based. 7 to 8 questions are asked in JEE Mains. So, do not think of leaving them AT ALL as they can help you score.

- Questions from wave optics (Interference, Polarization, and Diffraction) are generally straight forward and you can solve them easily by just reading the question properly. For Ray Optics: Refraction at spherical surfaces and by lenses also, Refraction by Prism & dispersion.
- Dual nature of matter, Atoms, Nuclei. Photoelectric effect, Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms, Characteristic and continuous X-rays.

JEE Mains Mathematics is considered to be the rank decider. Chapter-wise weightage is very important to get a clear idea about where to concentrate your efforts.

Most of the chapters of class XI make up this unit. 8 to 9 questions are asked in JEE Mains from Algebra.

- Modulus and Conjugate of Complex numbers along with their properties, Cube Roots of Unity, Quadratic equations and location of their Roots (simple problems only are asked).
- Matrices: Types and Operations, Adjoint and Inverse of a Matrix, Properties of Determinants. Permutations & Combinations (Simple statement based questions), Algebra of Events and Probability, Conditional Probability, Bayes’ Theorem
- AP, GP, HP and their means, Sum of n terms etc, Binomial Theorem: general and middle terms. Calculation of Mean Deviation, Variance & Standard Deviation.

Consider that you will get only formula based fixed number of questions (7 to 8) from these chapters. However, not to be taken lightly, a lot of practice is required to avoid any silly or calculation mistakes in these chapters and also, to improve speed and comfort.

- Distance of a Point from a Line and Distance between 2 parallel lines, Centroid, Orthocentre, Incentre and Circumcentre of a triangle.
- Equation of a Circle and Conics in different forms, Equations of Tangent, Normal and Chord of contact of Circles and other Conics.
- Direction cosines and Equation of Lines in Space, Angle and distance between 2 lines, Equation of Planes, Angle between two planes, Coplanarity of 2 lines.

This is the most important section because it has applications not just in Mathematics but in Physics & Chemistry as well. At least 8 to 9 question will be asked from this in JEE Mains.

- Various functions and their graphs, Algebra of Limits, Derivatives of different types of functions and their Algebra, Continuity of a function. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorem, Rate of change of quantities.
- Maxima and Minima (Statement based problems), Maximum and Minimum values of a function in closed intervals.
- Indefinite & definite integration of various forms, Definite Integral as a limit of a sum, Area under any given Curve, General and Particular solutions of Differential Equations.

This is the smallest section in JEE Mathematics section and if you go by the weightage, it has the least. But, considering the fact that trigonometric ratios and concepts are being used in algebra (matrices, complex numbers) and in Calculus as well, this chapter needs to be given importance.

- Trigonometric Functions: Domain, range, and graph, Trigonometric Identities and formulas, Trigonometric Equations and Inequations.
- Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Domain, range and graph. Heights and Distances.

Chemistry is an asset in JEE Mains if you are good at it becoming which is quite easy. It helps you to fetch more marks in lesser time. If you have good bonding with the subject, you can solve chemistry part in half an hour. NCERT book is highly recommended for chemistry. On an average, equal number of questions are asked in JEE Mains from each of Physical, Inorganic, and Organic Chemistry.

At least one question from each of topics given below is asked.

- Laws of Chemical Combination, Mole concept & Stoichiometry, Simple problems related to finding molarity, molality, mole fraction are asked.
- Atomic Structure: Dual nature of Radiation, Atomic Spectra, Bohr’s Model for Hydrogen and Hydrogen-like species, Quantum Mechanical Model-Finding Quantum numbers for any element.
- Gaseous State: Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases, Real Gas behavior, and Liquefaction of gases.
- Solid State: Crystal Lattice and Unit cells, Close packed structures, and voids, Defects in Solids and their examples.
- Solution: Types and Concentration, Vapour Pressure of a solution and Raoult’s law, Colligative properties of Solutions & Van’t Hoff factor ‘i’.
- Thermochemistry: Enthalpy and Heat capacity, Gibb’s energy and Spontaneity. Hess Law is of utmost important.
- Equilibrium: Factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s Principle, Acids, Bases and Concept of pH, Hydrolysis of Salts and Buffer solutions.
- Redox reactions & Electrochemistry: Redox Reactions-Types and Concept of Oxidation Number, Galvanic Cells: features and Electrode Potential, Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions.
- Chemical Kinetics: Rate, Order and Molecularity of a reaction, Integrated rate equations and Half-life, Arrhenius Equation.
- Surface Chemistry: Adsorption Mechanism, Types, Isotherms, Catalysis, Colloids and Emulsions: Classification and Properties.

At least one question from each of topics given below.

- Modern periodic table and Electronic configuration of Elements, Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements.
- Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure, VSEPR Theory, Valence bond theory and Hybridization.
- s-Block Elements: Hydrides, General Characteristics of Compounds formed from S block elements.
- p-Block Elements: General trends in the Properties of Compounds of P block elements, Important Compounds of Boron, Carbon, and Silicon, Important Compounds of Halogens and their properties.
- Extraction of Metals: Processes of extraction of Metals from their ores, Electrochemical principles of metallurgy of d & f Block Elements.
- Coordination Compounds: IUPAC Nomenclature and Isomerism of Coordination compounds, Werner’s theory, Valence bond theory & Crystal field theory.
- Chemical Principles Involved in the Qualitative Salt Analysis and Qualitative and Quantitative analysis of Organic Compounds.

9 to 10 questions will be most probably asked in JEE Mains. At least one question from each of the topics given below:

- Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry: Structure and Nomenclature of Organic Compounds, Stereoisomerism in Organic Compounds and Electronic Displacement Effects in Covalent Bonds.
- Hydrocarbons & Halides: Structure, Physical and Chemical Properties of Alkanes, Alkenes & Alkynes, Benzene, Haloalkanes & Haloarenes.
- Oxygen containing compounds: Alcohols, Phenols & Ether, Aldehydes and Ketones: Physical and Chemical Properties. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives: Structure & Chemical Properties.
- Nitrogen containing compounds: Amines & Diazonium salts and their Physical & Chemical properties.
- Biomolecules: Monosaccharides-Structure, Physical and Chemical properties, Proteins and Enzymes: Structure and Properties, Nucleic Acids: Structure and Properties.
- Polymers: Addition & Condensation Polymerisation: Mechanism and Examples along with their uses, Commercial Polymers.
- Chemistry in Everyday life: Drugs-Classification and therapeutic Action, Soaps and Detergents.
- Environmental Chemistry: Atmospheric Pollution and Control, Water Pollution and Control.

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]]>The post The Most Important Chapters for JEE Advanced Physics, Maths, and Chemistry appeared first on Magoosh JEE Blog.

]]>As you prepare for JEE Advanced, many questions must be going through your mind, like ‘how should I prepare?’, ‘what should be my time table?’, ‘how I should prioritize chapters for this exam?’. Well, acing an exam mainly boils down to how you have planned to prepare for it in right way. In this era of cut-throat competition, planning is as important as actual studying, just like being intelligent or dedicated isn’t enough. You have to be a smart and hard working student.

In this post, I have written about important chapters for JEE Advanced, to help you prioritize chapters to get an awesome rank in the exam!

For Mathematics, you need rigorous practice. The more problems you will solve, the better will be your speed and accuracy.

The syllabus of Maths is broadly divided into:

- Algebra
- Trigonometry
- Calculus
- Co-ordinate geometry
- Vectors and 3-D geometry
- Probability
- Complex numbers

Below, I am writing about chapters as how you should prioritize them.

Calculus includes chapters on functions, limits, continuity, differentiability, differentiation, application of derivatives, integration, definite integrals and differential equations. Each of the above topics is important, and the calculus section covers around a third of the paper. So, you must be well-versed with every standard formula and technique used in calculus.

This topic is again very very important. This topic is all about understanding Circles, Parabola, Hyperbola, Ellipse, and using correct formula at correct place. Easy and scoring topic. Solving sufficient problems during practice will ensure you to solve problems in JEE advanced from this topic.

Having done the coordinate geometry portion, most of you will find the 3D geometry portion relatively hassle-free and do well in this section. It’s primarily easy-breezy because JEE contains numerous problems pertaining to vectors that require standard formulae .

Algebra questions in JEE are a bit hard, and most students struggle with the chapters on permutations and combinations and complex numbers. However, practice is the key. The chapter on complex numbers greatly depends on the coordinate geometry portion. At times, a hard question from complex numbers can be solved if one can smartly correlate it to a coordinate geometry problem.

Probability is again an important topic. Having gone through its problems and understanding the concepts of Bayes theorem etc. properly, you can solve most of the problems of JEE advanced. And even if you are not able to solve problems in JEE, don’t worry, very few students are going to solve that. You can use common sense in some of the problems.

The formulae of trigonometry appear everywhere in JEE Mathematics exam paper. Very few questions are purely based on trigonometry, but there are always questions that involve standard trigonometric identities. Remember that an important aspect of the JEE Mathematics preparation is memorizing standard formulae. Make sure you remember them by heart.

Finally, to master JEE maths, you need lot of practice. Keep practicing and enjoy maths.

Physics requires you to have a strong hold on concepts. Once the concepts have been mastered, they are very easy to retain. Some chapters of JEE physics have a heavy weightage in the exams.

Mechanics is probably the most important topic in physics from JEE perspective. A bulk of questions in JEE are either directly mechanics questions or require you to have considerable skill in mechanics, which will help you solve a part of the question.

There are some of the most fundamental laws – Newton’s laws of motion, universal law of gravitation, the law of conservation of linear momentum and so on. You must know how and when to apply formulas and these laws properly.

Some of the problems also requires basic calculus knowledge, so take care of that part too.

Study fluid mechanics, Bernoulli’s equation, elasticity seriously.

This is another big section of JEE and among the most important chapters for JEE. A lot of questions are asked from the applications of Coulomb’s law and Capacitance. Stick to the JEE syllabus because this topic is diverse.

Don’t be scared of complex circuits and try to use the fundamentals to reduce complicated circuits to simpler ones. Use Kirchhoff’s laws, series parallel reduction and such tricks. Do not ignore the theoretical aspects of the topic. There are quite a large number of standard formulae in electrostatics and magnetostatics. Make sure to remember them all (with directions involved) because you won’t have enough time to derive standard results on D-day.

Motional EMF is one of the most asked topics and should be among the top priority chapters for JEE, so ensure that you practice ample of questions from it.

This chapter covers a big chunk of the paper too. Since the topics are diverse, don’t be surprised to see a question which is a mix of calorimetry with the laws of thermodynamics. Familiarize yourself with calculations of work, internal energy and heat in various processes.

A lot of questions are asked from waves and sound; the most common ones are from Doppler Effect.

Optics isn’t as difficult as it seems; it is indeed one of the easiest topics for JEE. Practice many questions, and you’ll be able to master it. Do not ignore Huygen’s principles.

Modern Physics is mostly theoretical. In this, the focus should be on understanding the nuances of Bohr’s model. The common formulae should be memorized.

JEE Advanced also contains problems related to experiments like error analysis in vernier callipers, screw gauge, and questions from potentiometer. So, practice questions from these portions.

One must understand that it’s very important to read as much as possible in order to learn chemistry. Also, revision is crucial as there’s a possibility of forgetting things. Take chemistry as seriously as mathematics and physics. Do not ignore this subject just because you feel chemistry is purely “cramming.”

Weightage is nearly equally distributed in the three streams of chemistry. It is important not to skip any topic from Inorganic Chemistry as the subject is highly scoring.

Physical chemistry has nothing difficult in it. It’s all about understanding the concept and applying formulas at correct places. All simple. Understand Mole Concept and topics like Chemical Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Electrochemistry are all derived from it, and you will find these topics easy.

Put some efforts in understanding Thermodynamics and Atomic Structure by solving problems.

The key to understanding the entire organic chemistry is being thorough with the general organic chemistry section – electrophiles, nucleophiles, types of reaction, acidity, basicity, etc. The remaining organic chemistry is just the application part.

E.g. Knowing that a reaction consists of a nucleophile attacking an electrophile; the only remaining bit is writing the mechanism.

A large part of organic chemistry consists of standard “named” reactions and students are expected to know these reactions along with the mechanisms. It is always good to know the mechanism of a specific reaction so that you can solve a similar new problem. Still, you should learn and memorise all the named reactions with exceptions too (exceptions are also very important!).

All the chapters of Inorganic chemistry are very important. Please read all the chapters from NCERT at least 5 times line by line. Many questions are from p-block, making it the most important chapter. Read from chemical bonding to s,p,d,f block to metallurgy. There will be one question at least from each chapter.

A good knowledge of periodic table and the trends in the properties of atoms (ionization potential, atomic radius, electronegativity, electron affinity, electrode potential) will help you to understand the reactions.

Finally, it all depends on how hard (and smart) you work for this exam. I wish you all the best!

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]]>The post How to Use the JEE Main Syllabus to Prepare for Your Exam appeared first on Magoosh JEE Blog.

]]>So you can see why it is important to stick to the syllabus to perform optimally on the JEE Main. Here are some tips on how to use the JEE Main syllabus in the best possible way.

**Mechanics:**Mechanics consists of the chapters on Physics and Measurement, Kinematics, Laws of Motion, Work Power Energy, Rotation, and Gravitation. These are some of the most important chapters for the JEE Main, and they are used heavily in later chapters.

For instance, you might see an electrostatics problem that can be solved by the application of the law of conservation of energy. A lot of questions asked in JEE Main are from the mechanics portion. So spending considerable time solving a good number of mechanics problems is worthwhile.**Properties of Solids and Liquids:**Waves and sound is a chapter that carries high weight. Lots of problems from this unit are direct theory questions–so you should make sure to revise the chapter from NCERT multiple times.**Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Gases:**This is one of the favorite chapters for JEE Main paper setters. Therefore, you should spend enough time in this area of Physics.

This is a huge unit with a wide scope. So sticking to the JEE syllabus is important–particularly for the second law of thermodynamics. Know that there is a lot of material presented in some books that isn’t a part of the JEE Main syllabus! And if it’s not on the syllabus, it is unlikely to show up on the exam. So don’t waste your time!**Electricity and Magnetism:**Like thermodynamics, this unit also has a wide scope and sticking to JEE syllabus will be your safest bet.**Optics and Modern Physics:**Many questions in this area have been straightforward,*definition based questions in recent years.*. You can crack these questions if you understand the definitions properly. Your focus for this unit should be on Huygen’s principles and Young’s Double Slit Experiment.**Electronic Devices and Communication Systems:**Since the change in the pattern of JEE Main, several problems are typically asked from this unit. Be sure to stick to NCERT textbooks for the syllabus for this unit.

**Physical Chemistry:**The units on Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure form the most important part of the JEE Main Physical Chemistry syllabus. Every year these units carry substantial weight. So it follows that the students who understand these units well perform better on the JEE Main. In recent years, the number of questions from Molecular Orbital Theory have also increased. However, make sure to stick to the syllabus given that a lot of reference text is available on MOT which isn’t in the JEE syllabus.**Organic Chemistry:***Named reactions*form an integral part of the JEE Main syllabus. Every year almost a third of the JEE Organic Chemistry questions are from named reactions. In recent years the emphasis has also been on the*Principles Related to Practical Chemistry*chapters.**Inorganic Chemistry:**This is one unit where students face a great deal of trouble. This is because of the humongous syllabus. It is highly recommended that students focus only on those topics mentioned in the syllabus. Preparing reactions that are out of syllabus is only going to increase your workload. You should study p-block elements properly because it forms a significant portion of JEE Main syllabus.

**Functions and Calculus: Differentiation and integration are by far the most important topics in the JEE syllabus. To study smart, be sure to practice lots and lots of problems. However, don’t waste time by going beyond the syllabus. There are standard integral types in the syllabus and it is unlikely that you will see a different problem.****Coordinate Geometry:**This unit carries the second highest weight after functions and calculus. You should put extra effort into understanding the chapters on circles, ellipses, and parabolas as these topics carry high weight.**Algebra:**Probability carries the highest weight in JEE algebra. You should practice as many probability problems as possible. Quadratic equations is another important topic. Again, don’t waste time on those equation forms that are not mentioned in the JEE syllabus.**Trigonometry:**Hardly any direct trigonometry questions are asked on the JEE. However, the questions asked are generally a minor variation of the formulae mentioned in the syllabus.

The bottom line should be obvious! Aim to complete the syllabus thoroughly. Questions may be asked from any topic that is mentioned in the JEE Main syllabus. However, going beyond the syllabus is really a waste of time — as hardly any questions show up on the exam that are outside of the syllabus. So depend on it. Make it your lifeline. You’ll thank yourself later!

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