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Factors Affecting Fluency in IELTS Speaking

Fluency is one of the grading criteria in IELTS speaking. It largely affects how you express ideas and indicates whether you can effectively deliver information to others. First, check out our The IELTS Speaking Test: Fluency and Coherence to learn what it is and how it is marked. Then, let’s take a look at the factors affecting fluency in IELTS speaking as well as several useful tips for improving your language fluency.

Factors Affecting Fluency IELTS Speaking -magoosh

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Too Much Stress

Exams are always stressful. Facing an examiner in speaking test is even more stressful. Actually, a little bit of stress helps you to focus and do better in the test. However, too much stress is a negative factor because it may lead to speaking too fast or too slow or repeating the questions in your own words. Examiners are very likely to have trouble in understanding your message, which will definitely lower your grade.

Too Much Self-Correction

Some students correct their mistakes from time to time. Once they notice the wrong use of words, sentence structures, or incorrect grammar, they will immediately correct the mistakes by repeating what they have already mentioned. It is also a sign for examiners that your language lacks fluency and your speaking skills are not well-developed. Therefore, an appropriate way to deal with mistakes is to forget them, focus on what you should say next, and try to avoid mistakes.

Unfamiliar Topics or Questions

Another factor that affects the fluency in IELTS speaking is unfamiliar topics and questions. It is a common problem in the speaking test, especially in part 2 and part 3. Take the following part 2 topic as an example: describe a time that you forgot something important. Students are likely to get nervous if they have not prepared this topic before and they cannot recall any related experience at that moment. Some of them will make up a story in order to answer the question, which requires them to think and speak at the same time and may result in having long pauses, speaking too slow, and repeating information.

Practice speaking with our IELTS expert Eliot. Watch this video which simulates the IELTS Speaking section!




The key to success is always practice. Practice helps you to avoid mistakes and get used to use the language. Check out our practice IELTS speaking skills to find out useful ways to improve your language fluency!

Get Familiar with Questions

Though it is impossible to prepare all the topics and questions, you can practice with the past IELTS speaking questions to learn the question types and find the best way to answer these questions. Set time limits just like the real test. Find a partner to practice (one acts as the examiner and the other answers). Record your answer and listen to it.

Relax and Be Confident!

The last but not least, do not panic when facing the examiners. Just believe in yourself and do your best!


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