Something as quotidian (which means daily, routine) as sitting down to eat actually has several associated SAT words. That is, one SAT word can aptly describe how you eat, or, more specifically, how much you eat.
Let’s say you don’t stop when you are half full. In fact, you don’t even stop when you feel totally full (what, in colloquially speech, we call “pigging out”). If so, you are intemperate. The opposite of this word is temperate, which is also a synonym for abstemious.
Martha’s uncle was intemperate, coming over during Thanksgiving to eat most of the turkey and finish off most her parent’s bottles of wine.
You know how when you get that slightly full feeling but you keep going because the food is oh so yum? Well, if you do you are probably not abstemious, which means stopping when you are about half full.
You can be abstemious with more than just food and drink, though eating is typically the context in which you’ll encounter this word.
At 50, Patrick was a model of abstemiousness: he was as slim as someone half his age, and chalked this up to the fact that he always stopped eating when his plate was 20% full.
If you never eat much—or know somebody who fits this description—your cheeks may begin to hollow out, and you may even take on a sickly appearance. If so, you are emaciated, which means that you’ve become weak and feeble because of lack of food.
After several years of consecutive drought, many of the cows began to look emaciated, ribs protruding through their dirty fur.
Sometimes you’ve had enough of something, but your host just keeps forcing you to have more. You know, like birthday cake. Well, if you’ve already had four pieces, then you’ve had a surfeit of cake.
Surfeit can apply to many other contexts. In others words, if you’ve had enough something, whether it be television, SAT words, or Christmas shopping, you’ve had a surfeit of it.
Many viewers are switching to Netflix because they can avoid the surfeit of T.V. ads that accompanies every show.