Do you know your perfect tense from your past tense? Do you know whether you can mix past tense with present perfect? Below are a few questions to help you hone your grammar chops!
1. Before moving to New York, she has lived in California for five years.
2. Ever since I was a child, the Wizard of Oz was my favorite movie.
3. We waited for Mary for an hour before she had finally shown up.
4. She has been at the top of her class for four consecutive quarters.
5. In 1994, few have known of the Internet; by 2014, few in developed world will have been without an Internet connection.
1. had lived
We want the past perfect because we are describing an ongoing event in the past that happened before another event (moving to New York).
2. has been
Present perfect is used to describe an event that started in the past and continues in the present.
3. had waited…showed up
We need the past perfect to describe the event that happened first: waited. The second event in the past, takes the simple past.
5. Knew…will be
Simple past is used to refer to an event at a specific point in the past (1994). Simple future is used to describe an event at a fixed point in the future (in 2014 few will be without an….).