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Lucas Fink

Reading SAT Fiction Passages

On every SAT, there’s one long fiction passage. It’s usually the longest individual reading passage on the test (which means about 75-100 lines). You might get a shorter fiction passage at only 50 or 60 lines long, but that’s less common.

The SAT likes relatively recent fiction, but it’s not unheard of to see something older. There’s a really a wide range of time periods and writing traditions that the story might come from. There are two things you can be sure it won’t be, though: written in totally antiquated English (like Paradise Lost) or taken from a young adult series (like Twilight).

Sometimes you’ll think the story is engaging, which is great. But it’s good to remember that this is the SAT, and that means you’re going to have to answer questions.

So we need to be ready to do that.


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Read the italics in the passages

Before every Reading Comprehension passage on the SAT, there are a couple of sentences that tell you where the text is taken from and give you a little bit of background info if necessary. You should always read this, especially when it’s a fiction passage. For one, it tells you it’s fiction in the first place, and that affects what your note-taking strategy will be (more on that in a moment). Besides that, it may give you some important info on the setting and characters.

Even if none of the test questions will actually be about the info in italics, they can be really helpful.


Gradually describe characters

As you read, keep track of which characters you meet. There’ll only be a few—maybe two or three—so this shouldn’t be too tough. But as you read, build up a list of descriptions of those characters. Focus on their personalities and motivations especially; how does the author paint them? Any adjectives you see to describe their personas are worth underlining or circling. It’s good to be thinking about the author’s intentions when you’re doing this. Is the attitude toward a character positive, negative, or neutral?


Distinguish the author’s opinion from characters’ opinions

Every story has a narrator. That story-telling voice might be from a character within the story (the “I”), or it might be that of the author. Think twice about where descriptions of characters are coming from. Do other characters say them, or does the author give you them? How do the characters think of each other?

You want to build up not just an image of each personality but a description of the relationships between them.


Write those character traits in your notes

Those kinds of questions about personalities and relationships are a lot like questions that you’d ask yourself in any other SAT reading passage. The point is to get a solid understanding of the relationships between the things on the paper. When you understand that, you’re in a good position to make inferences, see the big picture, and score points on those trickier questions.

And of course, one of the most useful Critical Reading tips to follow is making sure you read with a pencil in hand.


About Lucas Fink

Lucas is the teacher behind Magoosh TOEFL. He’s been teaching TOEFL preparation and more general English since 2009, and the SAT since 2008. Between his time at Bard College and teaching abroad, he has studied Japanese, Czech, and Korean. None of them come in handy, nowadays.

6 Responses to “Reading SAT Fiction Passages”

  1. Anum Zehra says:

    Is it already known in which sequences the categories(fiction,science etc) of the passages are?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert Magoosh Test Prep Expert says:

      Fiction will always come first. After that, the pattern is almost always a social studies passage followed by a science passage, followed by a history passage, followed by another science passage. So you can generally expect the SAT Reading section to look like this: fiction >> social studies >> science >> history >> science. In rare cases, the pattern could be fiction >> science >> social studies (or history) >> science history (or social studies). And in even rarer cases, there may not be an alternation between science passages and history/social studies passages.

  2. Ritik says:

    How to tackle literature passage in case it is very tough and have complex words?
    How to identify turning points in passage by skimming?

  3. Shuvanjan says:

    how do I understand a passage from the 1700s or 1800s? I can’t understand what is being said and no matter how much I try nothing is helping me.

    • David Recine David Recine says:

      Archaic, centuries-old language can be hard to understand. Fortunately, the SAT actually modifies and adapts those older passages so that the language is a little more modern. That way, you’re being tested on general reading comprehension, rather than being tested on knowledge of older versions of English.

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