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# GRE Quantitative Comparison Geometry Practice Problems

Here is a batch of 7 practice QC questions.  Explanations will come at the end of the article. 1) In the diagram, AC = 6.  CE = 12, DF = 4, and AB is parallel to DE.  2)  3) In the diagram, JL = 4 and JK = 6.  4) In the diagram, O is the center of the circle, and AB is a diameter.  Region J is the area between chord AC and the arc of the circle.  5) In the diagram, triangle MNP is equilateral.  6) In the diagram, JKLM is a square. Point S is the midpoint of KL, and point T is the center of the square.  Point O is on segment ST, and is the center of the circle, which passes through both K and L.  7) ## Geometry on the GRE QC

As you may appreciate, there’s no guarantee that any geometry diagram on the entire GRE Quant section is drawn to scale.  In fact, most diagrams that appear are specifically designed to hoodwink you in the most viciously deceptive way imaginable.  For example, if the GRE gives this with no further explanation or specification, the naïve gullible GRE test taker will think, “OK, an equilateral triangle,” whereas in fact, it could be any of these: Never be duped by believing a diagram.  In particular, one large group of GRE QC Geometry questions gives you diagrams that appear a certain way, but which leaves some ambiguity open, and your job is to spot the ambiguity, the different geometric possibilities, and not be sucked in by trusting the misleading diagram.  Some of the questions above are this sort.

Another batch of GRE QC Geometry questions specific everything in detail, and your job is to perform some kind of calculation, a length or angle or area, and compare it to something.

At the very least, it’s important to recognize, when looking at a GRE QC Geometry question, whether it’s the ambiguous-diagram kind or the everything-specified kind.  The former case has a high likelihood of having (D) as an answer!

## Summary

If the foregoing discussion gave you some insights into the question, you may want to go back and give them a second glance.  Please let us know about your experience with GRE Geometry questions in the comment sections below. ## Practice problem explanations

1) The triangles CBA and CDE are similar, so all corresponding lengths are proportional.  Each length in CBA is 1/2 as big as the corresponding length in CDE.  Think about DF, the altitude in CDE, and the length to which it would correspond in CBA: an altitude from vertex B to the base AC.

Call that h.  Since DF = 4, h = 2.

Now, for CBA, we have an altitude h = 2 and a base AC = 6. Answer = (B)

2) Everything here is fixed and specified.  Triangle ABC is a right triangle, because the longest side is the diameter. See this GMAT blog post for details.  In right triangle ABC, AB = 4 is the hypotenuse.  Notice, this is NOT a 3-4-5 triangle, because the hypotenuse is 4. We could take the square root to find the length of AC, but we don’t need to.  AC is the side of the square, so AC squared is the area of the square.  The square has an area of 7.

Answer = (C)

3) This is a deceptive diagram.  The angle at L appears to be right angle, but absolutely nothing in the diagram or the text guarantees that it is a right angle.  The triangle could be: On the left, the triangle has been “crushed” close to flat, and it could be crushed even further, to an area of almost zero.  Certainty the area could be less than 11.   By contrast, if JK and JL are perpendicular, then the area would be A = 0.5bh = (0.5)(4)(6) = 12, which is more than 11.  Depending on the diagram, it could go either way.

Answer = (D)

4) We know AB is a diameter, and we know that angle ACB is 90°.  All of that we know.  We don’t know the position of point C.  In the diagram given, point C is positioned so that the two areas look approximately equal.  By moving point C around, we could radically change the situation. For example, we could move C toward B, making Region J much larger. Or we could move point C toward the other side, closer to point A, in which case the triangle would be much bigger and Region J much smaller. Since we can vary point C to produce different relationship, we cannot produce a fixed answer.

Answer = (D)

5) This is a hard problem, but we can do it entirely without touching a calculator.

The first step is to draw the altitudes from each vertex of the equilateral triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side.  This will subdivide the equilateral triangle into six congruent 30-60-90 triangles.  For more details on these triangles, see this GMAT blog.  It’s very handy to remember that any equilateral triangle can be subdivided this way. Notice that OP, OM, and ON are all radii of the circle.  Let’s just say for convenience that r = 2, so OPO = OM = ON = 2.  Look at 30-60-90 triangle TOP.  The hypotenuse is OP = 2, so the side opposite the 30° angle is half of this, OT = 1.  The remaining side, opposite the 60°, must have a length of: The area of triangle TOP would be: Six of these triangles make up the entire equilateral triangle, so that’s That’s the area of the entire equilateral triangle.  Meanwhile, the circle has a radius of r = 2, so Now the shaded area is the area of the circle minus the area of the equilateral, so the area of the shaded region is: Now, we have numbers for the areas of both regions: Whatever the square-root of 3 equals, it is clearly less than 2, so Quantity A is less than 2, and Quantity B is slightly more than 2.

Answer = (B)

6) Notice that the one thing not fixed in the problem is the position of point O on the segment ST.  It could be toward the top or bottom of that segment.  Think about the implications.

If we move point O toward the top of the circle, so that it is very close to S, then we get relative small circles. In the limit in which O was at S, the circle would be one whose diameter would equal the side of the square: such a circle could fit entirely inside the square, simply touching each side at its midpoint.  Such a circle clearly would have much less area than the square.

On the other hand, we could move point O down toward point T, the center of the square.  This produces relatively large circles. In the limit in which O was at T, the circle would neatly contain the square, passing through the four corners.  Such a circle clearly has more area than the square.

Because we can choose a position for point O that allows for a relationship either way, we can determine no conclusive relationship between the quantities.

Answer = (D) 7) This is a hard question.  Let’s approach it this way.  Sometimes it is very helpful to introduce a variable into a geometric problem.  I am going to say that AC = x and BC = 1.  Notice that AB = x + 1.  Then Now, what happens if x = 3?  Notice that: Clearly, they are not equal, as they should be.  What happens if we make x bigger?  Well, then AC/BC = x simply becomes bigger, but AB/BC becomes smaller, so they wouldn’t get closer to being equal.  In fact, they would be getting further away from each other.

What happens if x get smaller?  Well, then AC/BC = x clearly gets smaller, and the fraction 1/x gets bigger when its denominator gets smaller, so AB/BC would get bigger.  In that case, they would be moving toward each other: the bigger one getting smaller, and the smaller one getting bigger.  That indicates they could become equal if we move x in that direction, smaller than 3.  In other words, x must be smaller than 3.

Right there, that’s enough to determine that the answer to the QC question is (B).

More information for the curious:

If you are interested, notice that if x = 2, then: They’re closer, but not equal.  If x = 1, then Here, they have shot past each other.  Now, the little one is too big, and the big one is too little!   We overshot.  This tells us the correct value of x is between 1 and 2.

In fact, a few students may recognize that the diagram & equation above is the definition of the Golden Ratio, and in fact, this is the correct value of x. If you happened to be familiar with the Golden Ratio, that would have been a shortcut on this particular problem, but in general, you don’t need to know anything about the Golden Ratio for the GRE.  The Golden Ratio plays a big role in sacred geometry and all kinds of esoteric wisdom (Egyptian temples, the Parthenon, Leonardo’s paintings, the Gothic Cathedrals, etc.), so you may find it interesting, but all this is well beyond anything relevant to success on the GRE!! 🙂

For even more GRE math practice, check out our GRE math questions with answers and explanations!

P.S. Ready to improve your GRE score? Get started today.

### 23 Responses to GRE Quantitative Comparison Geometry Practice Problems

1. Stephanie May 9, 2019 at 7:30 pm #

Why can we assume in #1 that the triangles are similar? It does not say this in the question, and the end of your article warns about assuming such things yet that assumption is integral to answering #1?

• Magoosh Test Prep Expert June 5, 2019 at 1:34 pm #

Hi Stephanie! Great question 🙂 We know these triangles are similar because of the rules of Geometry. Angles ACB and DCE are vertical angles, so they’re equal. Next, AB and DE are parallel, and they’re connected by line AE, which means that BAC and DEC are equal. For that matter, the parallel lines are connected by line BD as well, so ABC and EDC are equal. Or we could have just looked at one of them plus the vertical angles and concluded that if two of the three angles of the triangle are equal, the third must be as well because the interior angles of all triangles add up to 180. We absolutely cannot assume anything about a diagram based on how it’s drawn, but we have to draw conclusions based on the rules of Geometry. I hope that helps explain!

2. vee October 3, 2018 at 2:14 pm #

But where are the actual questions and multiple choice answers?

• Magoosh Test Prep Expert October 13, 2018 at 8:56 am #

Hi Vee,

Happy to help! Quantitative Comparison questions always have the same choices:
(A) Quantity A is greater.
(B) Quantity B is greater.
(C) The two quantities are equal.
(D) The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

So we have not written these choices after each question, but they are implied for any QC question. I hope this helps, but let us know if you have further questions!

3. Katherine July 31, 2018 at 12:05 pm #

Hello, Mike! Thanks for sharing these prep questions. I am wondering about the answer to #6; I thought it was solvable based on the information provided. As the problem states that point O is the center circle, why can’t we make an isosceles triangle KLO and use the two 45-45-90 triangles enclosed therein to determine the length of line KL, thereby allowing for comparison between the areas of the two shapes?

• Magoosh Test Prep Expert August 1, 2018 at 7:29 am #

Great question, Katherine! The problem here is that we don’t know exactly where O is, relative to the center of the square and the square’s sides. As a result, lines KO and LO, while equal in length, have multiple possible shared values. If O is father from T, KO and LO will be shorter, and if O is closer to T, KO and LO will be longer. So even with that approach, we still don’t have enough information to get the relative sizes of square area and circle area.

4. Alessandro November 12, 2017 at 9:51 am #

I agree with Stephen! In question 3, we have one leg equal to 4 and hypotenuse equal to 6.

Then a triangle has maximal area when it is right-angled. Thus, when its second leg is equal to 36-16 = 2sqrt(5). In this case, the area of the triangle is equal to 4sqrt(5) that is less than 12.

If this is the maximal area, there is no way to get something greater than 12 so that quantity B should be greater.

I am not assuming the triangle is right-angled, it is just the case in which it has the maximal area. While the smallest is nearly zero.

5. Tates January 3, 2017 at 11:51 am #

Thanks for creating these questions. For question number two, if OA is the radius and it’s 2, then wouldn’t OB and OC necessarily be 2 as well? if OB and OC are 2, and BC is 3, then wouldn’t AC need to be 3 if OA is 2 and OC is 2? This would make the area of the square 9.

• Magoosh Test Prep Expert January 5, 2017 at 2:00 pm #

Hi Tates,

Great question! The problem here is that we don’t know the angles of triangle AOC. So while you’re correct that OC is a radius and equals 2, we can’t use that information to find AC because we lack the information necessary to make that determination. The reason that we can conclude that ABC is a right triangle is because of the fact that the longest side of the triangle is the diameter of the circle (read more about that here). Without this vital clue, we can’t determine the rest of the information necessary to find the area of the square! 🙂

6. Stephen Boesch November 19, 2016 at 6:16 am #

In #3 (the triangle with indeterminate third side length and angle): is it not true that the maximum area occurs for a right triangle? For such a case the opposite side length = sqrt(36- 16) = 2sqrt(5). So the area is 0.5 * 4 * 2sqrt(5) ~= 8.9 < 11 . So even the maximum possible value of choice A is < B and the answer should be B.

• Magoosh Test Prep Expert November 20, 2016 at 2:34 pm #

Hi Stephen,

Please note that you can’t rely on the image. The right angle could potentially be at Angle KJL. If so, the length would be KJ (i.e., 6), and the width would be JL (i.e., 4). Then, the area will be:

= 0.5 * height * base
= 0.5 * 6 * 4
= 12

7. Scott September 14, 2016 at 10:35 am #

The diagram for question 3 has the hypotenuse-looking side at 6. In the explanation, the leg-looking side is at 6. It still does not change the answer though. Just wanted to point it out.

• Magoosh Test Prep Expert September 17, 2016 at 5:26 am #

Hi Scott,

Thank you for pointing that out! Yes, you are correct that the diagram in the solution looks slightly different from the diagram in the question, but the logic and solution remain the same! Good eye!

8. Vinni November 25, 2015 at 10:14 pm #

In question 2, why are we assuming that AB is a straight Line. Its no where mentioned so why can I assume angle AOB 180.

9. Vasudha July 4, 2015 at 1:04 am #

Hi Mike,

The GRE’s list of mathematical conventions says this- “assume all geometric objects are in the relative positions shown.” Given this, in question 6 wouldn’t it be fair to assume that JM would either be tangential to the circle or lie entirely below it?

This doesn’t change the final answer but I was just wondering 🙂

Do let me know. Thanks.

10. Prashanth May 31, 2015 at 5:55 am #

Hi,

I have read somewhere that the figures are not drawn to scale in GRE, so I was wondering in Question Number 2, is it correct to assume ABC as a triangle? I am saying about the possibility of AC not being the diameter, because AOB may be longer than four. I am confused about when to assume the figures are not drawn to scale, and when they are actually drawn to scale. Any suggestions on this?

Thanks,
Prashanth

• Mike McGarry June 2, 2015 at 5:41 pm #

Dear Prashanth,
I’m happy to respond. 🙂 It’s true that GRE Geometry Diagrams are not drawn to scale, which means that, in general, any lengths or angles that are not marked could have different sizes than what is indicated in the diagram. Nevertheless, fundamental issues of straightness and what is connected to what is guaranteed. If you see a triangle, you absolutely know that it must be a triangle, although in the absence of further specification, it could be any triangle of any shape.
In fact, in Problem #2, you know that triangle ABC is a right triangle, with a right angle at C, because its hypotenuse is the diameter of the circle. This is a geometry fact discussed in the Magoosh lesson videos. For more on GRE Geometry Assumptions, see:
https://magoosh.com/gre/2013/gre-geometry-diagram-assumptions/
Also, by convention, when a dot is drawn more or less at the middle of the circle, we can assume that this dot is the center. Here the problem explicitly states that, but it would be deeply deceptive for the GRE to put a dot more or less at the center of the circle and not intend for that dot to be the center.
Mike 🙂

• John July 13, 2015 at 5:27 am #

Shouldn’t problem #2 explicitly also state that line “AB is a diameter” of the circle? Without this statement, we can easily shift point A to anywhere on the circle, preserve the conditions, and enlarge or shrink the square as a result.

• Mike McGarry July 13, 2015 at 11:46 am #

John,
I’m happy to respond. 🙂 We know that O is the center, so any chord that passes through the center is automatically a diameter. You see, the problem *does* tell you that AB is a diameter, indirectly.
Also, in the unadorned diagram, we could slide things around, but when the numerical lengths are applied to the problem, everything becomes locked in place.
Does this make sense?
Mike 🙂

11. Agustin April 18, 2015 at 8:05 pm #

Hi Mike,

Greetings from Chile!

Thanks for this nice set of problems.

I guess there is a problem in question 2) because there is only a graph…

All the best,

A.

• Mike April 21, 2015 at 10:20 am #

Dear Agustin,
Greetings from Berkeley, CA! 🙂 Thank you very much for pointing that out. Somehow, the question part was dropped when we uploaded the blog, but I just fixed that. Best of luck to you and stay warm, my friend.
Mike 🙂

12. Anuj April 14, 2015 at 2:06 pm #

Amazing set of questions. How probable is it to get questions as tough as 6 and 7.

Also, for question 7, once understanding about the substitution of variables fact, can we just solve the algebraic equation and get the roots,

Both the roots are less than 3, so we can say that the answer is B (You have made a typo and written the answer as A).

Thanks!!

• Mike April 14, 2015 at 4:51 pm #

Dear Anuj,
I’m happy to respond. 🙂 First of all, thank you very much for pointing out the typo: I just corrected that. I would say #6 is about as hard as you could possibly see. If you perform brilliantly on the first math section, so that the second math section is hard, then #6 could be among the harder questions on that hard section.
In some ways, I would say #7 is perhaps a tad harder than what the GRE would ask. It’s difficult to say whether ETS would pose a question that hard. Yes, absolutely, once we have variables in #7, we could set up the equation and solve. That equation has two irrational roots: if you are particularly skilled with algebra, you can see that both of those roots are less than 3, but there are several steps there that would be hard for many GRE test takers. The fact that you saw the algebraic solution for #7 speaks very highly of your math skills, my friend. BTW, the positive root of that equation is the Golden Ratio, and the negative root is the negative reciprocal of the Golden Ratio.
Best of luck to you!
Mike 🙂

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