CAT Paragraph Completion Questions with Answers and Explanations

One of the CAT exam’s more unusual verbal problem types is paragraph completion. In these questions, students read five sentences about a topic, then choose the one sentence that doesn’t belong. While answering these problems may rely on skills you don’t often use, you can develop and perfect them through careful practice! Here are three CAT paragraph completion questions, with answers and explanations, to help you get started.

CAT Paragraph Completion Questions: Practice Passages

I. Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.

CAT Paragraph Completion Questions

  1. Even Paris, the romantic hero of many myths, may not have accomplished any of the tasks attributed to him—and may not even have been real himself.
  2. Some Greek myths have a basis in history, but most of them seem to have no foundation in reality.
  3. Helen of Troy may be based on a real person, but in Greek mythology, she is the daughter of Zeus and Leda, who were not.
  4. Myths about the Trojan Wars abound—and while the Troy was a real place, and the wars almost certainly occurred, famous figures associated with them may not have the same basis in reality.
  5. Famous for the story of how Paris, Prince of Troy, abducted her from her husband and took her to his hometown, there is no certain record of Helen ruling there.

II. Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.

  1. While more than two parties exist in the United States, the current system is in fact dominated by the Republican and Democratic parties, which receive by far the most votes in major elections.
  2. Within politics, party-based systems dominate many democratic governments.
  3. There can be a one-party system, in which voters are presented with no real choice; a two-party system, such as the United States de facto uses, or a multi-party system, with members of different parties representing a variety of voter beliefs through their work in public office.
  4. In recent years, other parties such as the Green Party and the Libertarian party have started to show some influence in the polls, speaking to a possible reformation of the two-party system in America.
  5. Political parties are groups with common beliefs that try to get their members elected to public office.

III. Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.

  1. While sunscreen helps prevent skin damage that can lead to certain cancers, it can also block the production of an important vitamin: Vitamin D.
  2. Many of us were taught growing up that eating fruits and vegetables, getting enough sleep, and wearing sunscreen are all good things.
  3. Sunscreen is good —but only to a certain point.
  4. We get Vitamin D primarily through sun exposure, and deficiencies can cause problems ranging from difficulty processing thoughts clearly to soft bones that easily break.
  5. Other people experience no symptoms, but an estimated 1 billion people have could use more Vitamin D through supplements or foods naturally rich in the vitamin.

CAT Paragraph Completion Questions: Answers and Explanations

I. Answer: 2. All of the other sentences in this passage have one thing in common: they focus on the Trojan War. Sentence 2 focuses on the broader subject of Greek myths. Furthermore, it makes a claim that most have no foundation in reality, while the other sentences imply that there is (or may be) some basis in reality for the stories described.

II. Answer: 4. The other sentences in this group all describe one of two topics: the definition and occurrence of party-based systems, and the United States’ two-party system. While recent developments in the U.S. party system may be relevant to the passage’s main ideas, it is not one of the main ideas of the passage itself. In addition, the speculation about the future in sentence 4 separates it from the rest of the sentences.

III. Answer: 2. Sentence 2 not only takes a personal approach to the topics it describes (“many of us”), but two of those topics (eating and sleeping habits) are irrelevant to the other sentences in the passage. The four other sentences all describe why sunscreen is not as good as commonly thought, and the consequences of the Vitamin D deficiency that it can lead to. Sentence 2 does not do this.

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