CAT Para Jumble Questions with Answers and Explanations

The CAT exam can be tricky in places, as its three sections (Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension, Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Ability) aren’t nearly as separate as the section divisions make them seem. CAT Verbal, for example, tests reasoning skills in addition to verbal skills in problem types like sentence rearrangements. While test-takers may worry when they see these on test day, practice will help you understand exactly how these problems work—and how you can master them! To help you do that, here is a series of four CAT para jumble questions (paragraph jumbles), with answers and explanations.

CAT Para Jumble Questions: Passages

I. The five sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.

  1. Also known as “The New York School,” artists painting in this style never belonged to a formal group.
  2. Abstract Expression has come to be known by the large scale of the paintings produced, the spontaneous production of artwork (in contrast with the formality and precision earlier movements), and an emphasis on creation over the final product.
  3. As indicated by the group’s moniker, “Abstraction” was also an important characteristic of the movement; even artists painting “reality” did so in new and abstract ways.
  4. Instead, artists mostly based in New York developed their own styles from the early 1940s onwards, and critics grouped them together based on certain characteristics of the works they created.
  5. Artists such as Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, and Mark Rothko—Abstract Expressionists—created some of the most renowned (and expensive!) paintings of the twentieth century.

II. The five sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.

  1. While researchers have long known that dogs evolved from wolves, recent findings have challenged established ideas about when this shift happened.
  2. In contrast, previous studies had suggested that dogs had evolved much earlier—around 30,000 years ago.
  3. While this might seem like a minor distinction to many of us, it is actually important for researchers to determine in which period dogs were domesticated.
  4. 3D imaging now suggests that dogs evolved about 15,000 years ago, as humans began to transition from hunter-gatherer lifestyles to forming settlements.
  5. By understanding the humans who domesticated wolves, we can better understand how interaction between the two led to the species of domesticated dogs we know today.

III. The five sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.

  1. In the 15th century, nobles in Italian Renaissance courts were known for the highly decorative spectacles they put on, particularly for celebrations of events such as weddings.
  2. The image most people hold of ballet dancers is one typical to the twentieth century: performers on-stage.
  3. The Italian Catherine de Medici brought her taste for ballet to France when she married King Henry II, while King Louis XIV popularized the form later on.
  4. The passion of these two people for the art form eventually led to the creation of professional dancers, then the incorporation of ballet into operas, and finally the separation of ballet into the stage-based art we now know.
  5. This, however, was not the initial purpose of ballet dancing.

IV. The five sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of five numbers as your answer.

  1. Because all plants need to water to sustain life, we did not use a control group, relying instead on the differences in average growth among the three test groups to provide information.
  2. We found that plants receiving filtered water grew more than plants in either of the other groups: on average a difference of 1cm per week.
  3. Each plant was given one fluid ounce of the selected water each day, and measured once a week.
  4. During our experiment, we tested the effects of various types of water—filtered, tap, and chemical-purified—on the growth of cholorophytum comosum (spider plants).
  5. We began with twenty seedlings in each category, each of which received the same amount of controlled sunlight in a greenhouse laboratory setting.

CAT Para Jumble Questions: Answers and Explanations

I. Answer: 5, 1, 4, 2, 3
5 is the best first sentence for this passage, because it explains the broader context that defines the artistic movement, Abstract Expressionism, and the artists who comprised it. 1 should follow, as it also concerns the artists considered to have painted in this style, while providing another term for the group and explaining that they never thought of themselves as a formal movement. Sentence 4 follows, because this provides an explanation of why the artists never thought of themselves as a formal movement. As sentence 4 concludes by mentioning “certain characteristics” of their works, sentence 2 should follow, as it explains what those characteristics were. We know that sentence 3 has to follow sentence 2, because it contains the word “also,” showing us that it is describing additional characteristics after a sentence describing the primary characteristics.

II. Answer: 1, 4, 2, 3, 5
1 is the best first sentence for the passage, because it summarizes the information that follows, serving as a topic sentence. 4 should come next, because it explains the change that sentence 1 describes. 2 should follow, because it describes a situation in contrast to the previous sentence (4 describes the present, 2 describes the past). After that, 3 is the best choice, because it tells us that this information is important, and 5 should conclude the paragraph, explaining why this information is important.

III. Answer: 2, 5, 1, 3, 4
Sentence 2 serves as an introduction to the general topic by stating a common misconception. 5 should follow, as a challenge to the misconception (we know it comes second because of the pronoun “this,” which needs an antecedent). Next, sentence 1 describes the original spectacle upon which modern ballet is based, and provides a broader description of ballet’s origins. Sentence 3 describes a specific occurrence that led to the spread of ballet, while 4 summarizes the consequences of this occurrence. 3 describes how the experiment proceeded, while 2 summarizes the researchers’ findings, providing an appropriate conclusion for the passage.

IV. Answer: 4, 1, 5, 3, 2
Sentence 4 introduces the topic and framework for the whole paragraph: the experiment that tests the effects of three types of water on plants. 1 makes sense as the next sentence, because it goes on to describe two additional features of the newly-introduced experiment: the three groups of plants, and the characteristic that was measured in the experiment (plant growth). 5 is the most logical follow-up to sentence 1. Sentence 5’s mention of “each category” references the three categories introduced in Sentence 1. Additionally, by saying how the experimental process began, Sentence 5 makes a logical transition from describing the experiment’s structure to describing the events in the experiment. 3 is the best sentence to follow 5, because sentence 3 describes the sequence of events after the experiment’s beginning, in the days and weeks that followed. 2 is the perfect conclusion, because it describes the findings of the experiment after it was completed.

By the way, sign up for our 1 Week Free Trial to try out Magoosh GMAT Prep!

2 Responses to CAT Para Jumble Questions with Answers and Explanations

  1. Rickson February 14, 2018 at 5:07 am #

    What’s the answer of the IV example?

    • David Recine
      David Recine February 15, 2018 at 1:13 pm #

      The answer is 4,1,5,3,2. I’m sorry the answer and explanation aren’t present in this article. I’ll check with our editors and see if we can get more info on IV added into the main post.


Magoosh blog comment policy: To create the best experience for our readers, we will only approve comments that are relevant to the article, general enough to be helpful to other students, concise, and well-written! 😄 Due to the high volume of comments across all of our blogs, we cannot promise that all comments will receive responses from our instructors.

We highly encourage students to help each other out and respond to other students' comments if you can!

If you are a Premium Magoosh student and would like more personalized service from our instructors, you can use the Help tab on the Magoosh dashboard. Thanks!

Leave a Reply