UBE Jurisdictions Explained

UBE Jurisdictions

Alright folks, it’s a bit of a dry topic, but one you certainly need to know; are you in a UBE state? If not, does your jurisdiction use any of the other NCBE bar exam tests?

If taking the UBE is in your future, you are certainly on the right side of a growing trend. The UBE is a relatively recent phenomenon in the United States legal landscape, the first being administered in only two states in 2011. Since then it has exploded in popularity, with more and more states recognizing the convenience of a uniform method of admittance to the bar.

Now over half of all states and jurisdictions within the United States administer the UBE. Ten additional states jumped on the bandwagon in the last two and a half years alone; the momentum of the test is clear. Still, a handful of large legal markets have yet to signal willingness to adopt the UBE. Even so, most of those still utilize at least some part of the UBE – usually, the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), the Multistate Performance Test (MPT), or both.

So, does your state administer the UBE as a whole? Supplement a state-specific test with either the MBE, MEE, or the MPT? Let’s give a list for jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction analysis:

UBE Jurisdictions Explained

Alabama:

    Alabama is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2011.

Alaska:

    Alaska is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2014.

Arizona:

    Arizona is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2012.

Arkansas:

    Arkansas has not adopted the UBE. However, Arkansas does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

California:

    California has not adopted the UBE. However, California does use the MBE in its bar examination.

Colorado:

    Colorado is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2012.

Connecticut:

    Connecticut is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2017.

Delaware:

    Delaware has not adopted the UBE. However, Delaware does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

District of Columbia:

    D.C. is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2016.

Florida:

    Florida has not adopted the UBE. However, Florida does use the MBE in its bar examination.

Georgia:

    Georgia has not adopted the UBE. However, Georgia does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

Hawaii:

    Hawaii has not adopted the UBE. However, Hawaii does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Idaho:

    Idaho is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2012.

Illinois:

    Illinois has not adopted the UBE. However, Illinois does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Indiana:

    Indiana has not adopted the UBE. However, Indiana does use the MPE and MPT in its bar examination.

Iowa:

    Iowa is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2016.

Kansas:

    Kansas is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2016.

Kentucky:

    Kentucky has not adopted the UBE. However, Kentucky does use the MBE and MEE in its bar examination.

Louisiana:

    Louisiana has not adopted the UBE, and uses no portion of it in its bar examination.

Maine:

    Maine is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2017.

Maryland:

    Maryland has not adopted the UBE. However, Maryland does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

Massachusetts:

    Massachusetts is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2018.

Michigan:

    Michigan has not adopted the UBE. However, Michigan does use the MBE in its bar examination.

Minnessota:

    Minnesota is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2014.

Mississippi:

    Mississippi has not adopted the UBE. However, Mississippi does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Missouri:

    Missouri is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2011.

Montana:

    Montana is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2013.

Nebraska:

    Nebraska is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2013.

Nevada:

    Nevada has not adopted the UBE. However, Nevada does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

New Hampshire:

    New Hampshire is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2014.

New Jersey:

    New Jersey is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2017.

New Mexico:

    New Mexico is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2016.

New York:

    New York is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2016.

North Carolina:

    North Carolina has not adopted the UBE. However, North Carolina does use the MBE in its bar examination.

North Dakota:

    North Dakota is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2011.

Ohio:

    Ohio has not adopted the UBE. However, Ohio does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

Oklahoma:

    Oklahoma has not adopted the UBE. However, Oklahoma does use the MBE in its bar examination.

Oregon:

    Oregon is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2017.

Pennsylvania:

    Pennsylvania has not adopted the UBE. However, Pennsylvania does use the MBE in its bar examination.

Rhode Island:

    Rhode Island has not adopted the UBE. However, Rhode Island does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

South Carolina:

    South Carolina is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2017.

South Dakota:

    South Dakota has not adopted the UBE. However, South Dakota does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Tennessee:

    Tennessee has not adopted the UBE. However, Tennessee does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

Texas:

    Texas has not adopted the UBE. However, Texas does use the MBE and MPT in its bar examination.

Utah:

    Utah is a UBE jurisdiction, effective February 2013.

Vermont:

    Vermont is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2016.

Virginia:

    Virginia has not adopted the UBE. However, Virginia does use the MBE in its bar examination.

Washington:

    Washington is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2013.

West Virginia:

    West Virginia is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2017.

Wisconsin:

    Wisconsin has not adopted the UBE. However, Wisconsin does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Wyoming:

    Wyoming is a UBE jurisdiction, effective July 2013.

Guam:

    Guam has not adopted the UBE. However, Guam does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Northern Mariana Islands:

    The Northern Mariana Islands have not adopted the UBE. However, the Northern Mariana Islands do use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Palau:

    Palau has not adopted the UBE. However, Palau does use the MBE, MEE, and MPT in its bar examination.

Virgin Islands:

    The Virgin Islands have adopted the UBE, effective July 2017.

* * * * * * *

Note that although this information is current through mid 2017, the UBE is rapidly expanding. Additional information can be found with the National Conference of Bar Examiners for any additional jurisdictions that may have adopted the UBE since publication of this post and before updates.

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