This week and next week, we are dishing out ACT Science challenge questions! There are few things trickier in this world than hard ACT Science questions or Voldemort. Can you solve this week’s problem? Both questions will be based on the same ACT Science Research Summaries Passage, which you will see below the question. Post your answer and how you got it in the comments below, and check back for the answer on Friday!
ACT Science Research Summaries Challenge Question
Does the information provided in the passage and Table 1 (below) support the conclusion that as voltage increases in a circuit, current always increases?
A. Yes, circuits with the highest voltage always produced the highest current.
B. Yes, circuits with the lowest resistance always produced the highest current.
C. No, circuits with highest resistance produced the lowest current.
D. No, circuits with the highest voltage produced the highest current only when the resistance was held constant.
Research Summaries Challenge Passage
In a simple DC electrical circuit, a battery provides a change in voltage (V) that induces an electric current (I) through the circuit. A conductor placed in the circuit is characterized by its resistance (R) to this flow of electric charge. The relationship between voltage, current, and resistance is known as Ohm’s Law, which is represented by the following formula:
V = I × R
A student performed a series of experiments with a simple circuit to test Ohm’s law. Measurements of current were taken using an ammeter. The circuit diagram is presented in Figure 1.
The student set up a simple circuit consisting of a battery and a single resistor. The resistor was taken from an electronics kit and wired into the circuit. Using an ammeter, the student measured current in the circuit for batteries of three different voltages and recorded the results in Table 1.
Using the same circuit as in the previous experiment, the student tried three different resistors. The current flowing through the circuit with each resistor was measured with an ammeter, and recorded in Table 2.
To test the electrical resistance of some common battery-operated appliances, the student set up a simple circuit consisting of a 15.0-volt battery and a socket to plug in the appliance. The current was measured using an ammeter and recorded in Table 3.