Were you able to solve the ACT Challenge Question we posted on Monday? If you missed it, check it out here, then scroll down below for the answer.
ACT Challenge Question 19
Does the information provided in the passage and Table 1 support the conclusion that as voltage increases in a circuit, current always increases?
A. Yes, circuits with the highest voltage always produced the highest current.
B. Yes, circuits with the lowest resistance always produced the highest current.
C. No, circuits with highest resistance produced the lowest current.
D. No, circuits with the highest voltage produced the highest current only when the resistance was held constant.
Answer and Explanation
The answer is D.
Don’t be fooled by answer choice A! Referring to Table 1, we find the relationship described by the question stem. Notice that the resistance is held constant throughout. Only answer choice D correctly describes the situation—current only increases if the resistance is held constant. In other words, if a much higher resistance value were used in a circuit with a higher voltage battery, we couldn’t necessarily conclude that the current would be higher without knowing that the resistance was held constant in our comparison. You can also figure this out by looking at the equation for Ohm’s law: V = I x R. If the resistance is held constant then we can see there is a directly proportional relationship between voltage and current. But if the resistance were to change it would affect the entire equation.