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GRE Vocab Wednesday: Fiendishly Difficult Words


Every now and then I like to choose really difficult, not frequently used words, because every now and then the GRE verbal section will contain a really difficulty, not frequently used word (“objurgate” from the first online practice test leaps to mind).

Otherwise, these things are peculiar, rare specimens that should not be part of your active lexicon (please don’t drop “tergiversate” in the conclusion of your Issue essay hoping to gain some style points—it’ll smack of desperation). You’ll be best off ignoring them altogether if you’re not looking to move onto the most difficult section.


Tergiversate (that ‘g’ should sound like a ‘j’) comes from the Latin for “with one’s back turned”—particularly apt, considering that to tergiversate can mean to act as a traitor or an apostate (a good GRE word for one who abandons a cause or faith).

Speaking of back turning, when a politician (yes, it’s always a politician, isn’t it!) evades a question, he or she is tergiversating. A synonym for tergiversate—and a much, much higher-frequency word—is equivocate.


Don’t think the Pillsbury dough boy; think praise that is completely exaggerated and unjustified (hey, Pillsbury dough boy, you are looking good these days—is that a six-pack you are sporting). The word typically refers to exaggerated claims made of a product. Tune into to Super Bowl and you’ll see a pageantry of puffery, as one product after another is presented as though it is the greatest thing since sliced toast.


Not only is this word uncommon, but, like puffery, bumptious sounds like it means something that it doesn’t. Well, that’s at least the case if you’re me

–I imagine getting jostled in line at the cafe by those craving a cup of coffee. Actually, somebody who is bumptious might intentionally bump into you to get what they want. Bumptious means overly self-assertive, i.e., you’re willing to push people out of the way to get what you want.


First off, this word is pronounced con-dine (not con-dig-nee). A rare word, it is almost always coupled with “punishment” and describes any punishment that is deserved. For instance, the legendary baseball slugger Pete Rose was barred both from ever playing the game and induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame, because near the end of the career (mid-1980s) he had bet on games, presumably losing intentionally. Recently, there has been some murmuring in baseball circles as to whether this was condign punishment. Perhaps, the cloud of ignominy that Rose has had to live in for the last 30 years is condign punishment; therefore, he should be at least considered for the hall of fame.


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6 Responses to GRE Vocab Wednesday: Fiendishly Difficult Words

  1. Tanya January 24, 2016 at 7:25 am #

    Hi Chris
    Would you say that Condign and Commensurate are synonyms? If not, what’s the difference?

    • Magoosh Test Prep Expert
      Magoosh Test Prep Expert February 9, 2016 at 10:50 am #

      Hi Tanya,

      These two are similar in meaning, but “condign” is used most often to refer to punishment, whereas “commensurate” tends to be used in a wider variety of contexts.

  2. logman June 18, 2015 at 3:38 pm #

    Hi Chris,
    I am wondering if there is a book that has sample answers to the all official AWA?

    I do have the ones that written by Mark Alan Stewart (3rd edition), but its for the old GRE pool.


  3. Alankritha June 7, 2015 at 3:08 am #

    Hi Chris 🙂
    I like your blog …I’ve just started preparing for my GRE and I find your blog very helpful .I love the way you elucidate things with examples 🙂 and I would like to stay updated with ur blog .
    I wish u write more number of articles than what you’ve been doing now .
    Thank you Chris 🙂

    • Rita Kreig
      Rita Kreig June 8, 2015 at 2:16 pm #

      Hi Alankritha!

      Thank you so much. 🙂 I’m very happy to hear that you like the Magoosh GRE Blog!

      We’ll try to add more new content when we can. In the meantime, please do look back through our library of posts – we’ve covered quite a few relevant topics over the years. And, if you have any specific topic suggestions, please let us know by leaving another comment – we’d love to hear your ideas. 🙂

      Happy studying!

  4. H-MAN May 27, 2015 at 10:20 am #

    Hi Chris,

    Thanks for nice collection of words.

    Let me make a paragraph by using these words.

    Though I do not belong to verbal score of more than 165 clique; still I would like to store these words in my permanent memory 🙂

    After exhibiting charlatan attitude for quite some time, I got assigned the projects I like at work place. When, however, I could not complete the assigned project, I had to “tergiversate” my manager to save my face, he took sometime but ultimately found out that I do not have the skills sets to complete the project and all this time I was just “equivocating” and making “puffery” claims. People at work place even tolerated me when I was “bumptious” often times, by thinking I would help them with their design issues. But, when my camouflage fell away I got “condign” punishment from everyone.

    Please let me know if I have used the words in context properly.

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