Inundated with scores of different GRE word lists? Not sure which one to use? Are you dreading committing yourself to one list only to find out it is not the right one?
To allay any such anxiety, I aim to answer those questions by providing an overview of the popular lists out there. I will also discuss how to and how not to use a word list. But first, it behooves me to give you real opinion of word lists for the GRE – they’re not the Holy Grail of a good vocabulary.
A better way to learn vocabulary
Here are several posts I’ve written on the topic:
Alright, alright, you came here to find out about some word lists, so here are my reviews:
Kaplan’s 900 words – Good
The words found on this list are high-frequency GRE words. Remember this does not mean that if you study all 900 words you will know every word that will show up test day. Far from it. But this is a good beginning.
To really take advantage of this word list—and any word list, for that matter—is to use quizlet.com. The good news is that quizlet already has this set of flashcards ready to go. If you don’t know already, quizlet.com is an excellent (and free) online flashcard resource. Better yet, each word list comes with a ready-made quiz. Studying this way is a thousand times more effective than looking at a list of words.
Barron’s 4,759 words – Avoid
Simply put, this list is overkill. If you slog through it, you won’t know the difference between high-frequency and low-frequency words. Even though this list is already built into quizlet.com, skip it.
Barron’s 3500 – Avoid
This is a word list from the Barron’s prep guide for the old GRE. Notice I said old GRE. Some of these words are not applicable to the new GRE (they are words that popped up on the analogy section). The fact that Barron’s chose not to publish this list in their new GRE guide is telling.
You also want to avoid using this list because it is extremely dull and tedious. Hundreds of words are crammed on one page. Your eyes will glaze over quickly, your brain will fall asleep…you might as well being watching daytime television.
Perhaps most importantly, the definitions here are very vague and not at all adequate for the sense of how a word functions in context. That’s probably why Barron’s did not include this list in their new guide.
Nova’s 4500 – Definitely avoid
This list is in the Nova’s verbal book. Like anything Nova releases for verbal, avoid. This list really is a travesty to GRE word lists. Words are vaguely—and often mistakenly—defined. Words you’ll never see are lumped together with high-frequency words. Throw in the fact that this is simply a word list and I can think of no better way to waste one’s precious GRE prep time than studying this list.
Internet word lists – Beware
These are a dime a dozen, and often they poach Barron’s word list. Others are just a random word list filled with archaic words or “analogy words” that appeared on the old GRE. Avoid these lists at all costs. Not just because the content is ‘iffy’ but because they are static lists.
Magoosh word list on quizlet.com – Good
All the words that have appeared in our vocabulary ebook (which means “Vocab Wednesdays”) have been conveniently set up in quizlet.com. After using quizlet, you can also read the original posts that do even more to flesh out the meaning of words.
How to use a word list
This is perhaps the most important part of using a word list – doing it the right way. Reading through a word list of unknown words is the single most ineffective way to study vocabulary. That’s right – ineffective. If you catch yourself studying this way, stop. Do something else, anything else short of committing a misdemeanor, for reading a word list truly is criminal.
Why? What’s with all my hyperbole? Well, our brains learn from being challenged. What most are wont to do is to read each word, then the definition. At that point, they think they have learned the word. After all, the definition is right there. They carry on and by the end of the word list they think they’ve learned something.
If you were to quiz such a person 30 minutes after they’ve read the list, they will remember the definition for very few words. They will remember the placement of words, Oh yes, ‘stymie’ was next to ‘esoter…i…’ something, uh…). Ask them to provide the word once you read the definition and you might as well be asking them what the capital of Equatorial Guinea is.
Whichever list you end up using, don’t forget quizlet. It takes the flashcard concept (which is based on randomized order) and expands upon it by offering excellent quizzes. Remember, the brain learns while being challenged.