In a recent installment of Vocab Wednesdays I featured words from the recently released 2nd Edition GRE Official Guide. Indeed, the book is such a trove of useful words, words that ETS is clearly fond of, that I decided to do another installment.
Below are five words you should know for test day.
To move about in a slow, labored fashion is to plod. Geriatric elephants, languorous hippopotami, and hungover college students all plod. To plod through a task is to do it slowly and tediously. Hopefully you are not going through vocabulary flashcards ploddingly!
As an adjective plodding means boring and developing slowly, and usually refers to artistic works. War and Peace is, at times, plodding. To the uninitiated the classical symphony can seem plodding. That said, hopefully my description of plodding is not plodding.
When a group says, “Hey, we’ve had enough. Let’s separate for good”, then we are about to witness the dissolution of that group. Major dissolutions in history are the Roman Empire (and just about any Empire, for that matter), the dissolution of the Catholic Church under Henry VIII, and the Beatles.
Dissolution also has a secondary meaning, one that often surprises. Dissolution is immoral living. debauchery. You know, the kind that many Roman emperors indulged in (so yes, dissolution led to dissolution, in a sense). As for dissolution and the Beatles, you are not going to get much. The Rolling Stones, though, more than made up for that.
It is a good idea to look before the proverbial leap. However, those who are impetuous do not necessarily think so. Act first, ask questions later, if ever would be an apt creed of the impetuous type. This reckless incaution (the definition of ‘impetuous) is especially frightening if you are in the passenger seat with an impetuous driver at the wheel. Or so my friends tell me.
To be scrupulous is to be careful when attending to an important task. For instance, one should be scrupulous when deciding which college is best, whom to call a friend, and especially whom to marry.
Scrupulous also has another definition: being ethical. You may have heard the word unscrupulous, which means unethical. It is not, however, the opposite of the first definition of scrupulous. So be scrupulous in remembering that unscrupulous does not mean careless.
Sorry to have to disabuse you, but the meaning of this word is not a deafening silence. Unsound relates to the adjective sound, which means reasonable, based on solid judgment. Thus, unsound means not using good sense/judgment. Running across thin ice in nothing but socks is clearly unsound. As is taking the GRE without any prep.