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Making Words Stick: Memorizing GRE Vocabulary

Making Words Stick

If you read this week’s posts, you know how to be a full-fledged word detective. You also have the vocabulary books that provide you with the best prep. Now, we need to talk about the process of getting words to stick in your head.

Below is the magical formula for helping words stick.

Come up with Clever (and Wacky) Associations

Another way of saying this: use mnemonics. A mnemonic is a creative way of remembering a word.

Let’s take the words gregarious and amiable. Gregarious means sociable. Say I have a friend named Greg, and, indeed, he is outgoing. Now, I have a way of remembering this word. As luck would have it, I also have a friend named Amy who, believe it or not, is friendly. So now, when I see amiable I think Amy-able and for gregarious I think Greg-arious.

Wait a second, you may be thinking. I don’t know anybody who has those names. That’s the whole point of a mnemonic – it needs to make sense only to you.

Granted, the words above didn’t have very interesting mnemonics. And, if you notice in the caption, I mentioned the word wacky. The wackier and sillier a mnemonic, the more likely you are to remember it. And the mnemonics that make the most sense to you are usually the ones that you come up with your own.

So, give it a try with the following words:

Esoteric – known only to those with specialized knowledge

Dilatory – slow; delaying

Polemic – a written or verbal attack against someone

Use It or Lose It

Let’s say you don’t know the definitions of any of the words above. So, you look them up in a dictionary. Being the good word detectives you are, you write down the definitions, as well as an example sentence on a flashcard.

However, tomorrow your friend asks you what you learned on Magoosh. You tell them that you learned how to use mnemonics for three words. You remember the words, but you can’t remember the definitions. Now, say that you decided after reading my posts to read an article from The New Yorker. While reading the article you think to yourself, “Hey this is some pretty….oh, oh…what’s that word…esoteric stuff”.

Now, what’s happened? Well, you’ve recalled a word and used it in a relevant context. Calling forth a word in this fashion will embed it deeper into your memory. That way, when it comes time for the test, you will spend very little brainpower processing the word.

So, whether you are walking down the street, or even watching a television show, see if you can’t apply the words you learnt that day (or even the previous days). If you think that GRE prep ends as soon as you put down your vocabulary books, then you will have a tougher time learning words. Use words (even if discreetly to yourself) whenever you can. Your verbal score will thank you.

Do not Bite Off More Than You Can Chew

Learning hundreds of words while only having a tenuous grasp of them is not efficacious. There is basically a word for this method: cramming.

Instead, learn words, but at a rate where they are not falling out of your head. For some, this rate is five words a day. For others, it’s twenty-five. My experience is that students fare best when they start with a few words per day, but then increase the number. Oftentimes, your brain simply needs to adapt to something it is not used to doing, i.e. learning vocabulary.

Read to be Surprised

In this week’s posts, I’ve discussed, perhaps ad nauseam, the importance of reading. I’ve also referenced magazines such as The New Yorker, which is filled with vocabulary words used in a stylistically advanced context. Beyond context, there is another reason why we should read in conjunction with learning vocabulary.

Imagine that you pick up the copy of the Economist (we’ll give The New Yorker a rest for now). In there, you see the word dilatory. Look familiar? Well, your brain should have a sudden jolt of recognition: we just saw the word in the mnemonics exercise above. Now that you’ve encountered a word you learnt as part of your word list, but weren’t necessarily expecting to see in The Economist, your brain is suddenly more likely to retain it.

As you continue to learn words, and as you continue to read, you will have more of these epiphanic moments. Sometimes, you won’t remember the word immediately. But, you can always look the word up to reinforce the definition.



Use words and use them often

Find creative and wacky ways to remember words

Read, read, and read some more

By the way, students who use Magoosh GRE improve their scores by an average of 8 points on the new scale (150 points on the old scale.) Click here to learn more.

3 Responses to Making Words Stick: Memorizing GRE Vocabulary

  1. viners December 19, 2011 at 12:30 am #

    keep up the fantastic work!! I Like how you wrote this and I also Love the colors here on this site. Very nice opinions expressed here.

  2. Chris Lele
    Chris September 15, 2011 at 4:56 pm #

    Great Gunnar! Just let me know the name and then I’ll try it out. If I like it, I’ll broadcast the name to the community.

  3. Gunnar September 9, 2011 at 6:34 pm #

    I have installed a dictionary program on my computer so when I use Ctrl+right click, the definition opens up. I don’t want to endorse the program that I am using, so I will not mention its name, but some of the features of it I really like are the following and you should look for these as well:

    – Not a resource hog (if your computer is older)
    – Very fast to react to words I see everywhere
    – You can purchase multiple dictionaries for it. I personally use 4 different ones
    – Shows Synonyms, origin, similar word comparisons and examples of when to use which.

    Of course I still use free online dictionaries when I am not on my computer, but this is nice feature to have as I don’t have to open a new browser only to get distracted.

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