Sometimes, I think that ETS once walked around and took a survey of the most commonly confused words in the English language, and then put those words on the test. In truth, ETS actually did something very similar to that. Over the years, it gave experimental sections to figure out which words people tended to confuse over and over again. Armed with this information, ETS was able to birth the test we know today.
However, we do not need to be victims of ETS’ machinations. Below is a list of confusing words that ETS recycles time and time again. So have a look, and see how many fool you.
Miserly vs. Frugal
This is one of the most commonly confused pairs. These words, despite popular opinion, are not the same. Frugal has a positive connotation, i.e. you spend money wisely, and miserly has a negative connotation, i.e. you pinch every penny.
Prevaricate vs. Variance
To prevaricate is to speak in an evasive way. Prevaricate does not mean to vary before; indeed, it is totally unrelated to variance, which simply means the quality of varying. A good synonym for prevaricate is equivocate. And that’s no lie.
Histrionic vs. History
Histrionic is totally unrelated to history. It comes from the Latin for actor. To be histrionic is not to have a penchant for bad Pacino or Brando imitations, but to be overly theatrical.
Though she received a B- on the test, she had such a histrionic outburst that one would have thought that she’d been handed a death sentence.
Demur vs. Demure
To demur is a verb meaning to object or show reluctance.
Wallace dislike the cold, so he demurred when his friends suggested they going skiing in the Alps.
To be demure is to be modest and shy. This word refers to a woman – so don’t call a man demure as they will surely demur.
Beatific vs. Beautiful
A beatific person is one who radiates bliss. This person is so happy, they almost seem blessed and holy (think of a saint, of the Buddha). As for beautiful, well you may be beatific if you are beautiful, or you may be totally unhappy. The two words are totally unrelated.
Be on Guard
This is just a pinch of misleading words from the English language. But, be a step ahead of the test. Whenever you come across a word with a definition that is totally unexpected, take special note of that word…because ETS already has. Studying vocabulary is tough, but definitely worth your while.