1) In order to combat Carville’s rampant homeless problem, Mayor Bloomfield recently proposed a ban on sleeping outdoors in the city’s many parks. He claims that such a measure will force the homeless to either leave Carville or to find means other than sleeping in public parks.
Which of the following, if true, suggests that Mayor Bloomfield’s plan will be successful?
(A) Until the ban, the city’s many homeless shelters were at less than fifty percent occupancy.
(B) Many homeless tend to congregate underneath Carville’s numerous overpasses.
(C) Adjacent cities have even tougher measures on the homeless sleeping outdoors.
(D) The percent
(E) Mayor Jonesmith, Mayor Bloomfield’s predecessor, had been far more tolerant towards the city’s homeless population.
2) Megalimpet is a nationwide owner of office space. They have major office buildings in the downtowns of several cities in the 48 lower states, and rent this space to individual companies. Megalimpet office spaces vary from small office to large suites, and every space has custom-designed wall-to-wall carpeting. The carpet in several Megalimpet facilities needed replacing. The winning bid for the nationwide carpet replacement was submitted by Bathyderm Carpet Company (BCC). The bid contract involves all delivery costs, all installation, and any ongoing maintenance and upkeep while the carpet is under the three-year warranty. Both BCC executives and independent consultants they hired felt BCC would be able to perform all these services for far less than their bid price; these circumstances would allow BCC to reap a considerable profit.
Which of the following, if true, most calls in question the argument that BCC will make a large profit from this contract with Megalimpet?
(A) All the carpets will have to be transported by train from BCC factory in Louisville, KY, to Megalimpet’s locations from coast to coast.
(B) BCC has already supplied carpets to a number of restaurant chains, and some of those spaces are as large as Megalimpet’s largest office spaces.
(C) The carpet installation teams will have to cut different sizes of the carpets for the different size office suites in the Megalimpet buildings.
(D) The material in BCC carpets degrades rapidly when it comes into contact with standard toner, found in most laser printers and photocopiers; the degraded sections are unsightly and smell bad, so they often need to be replaced.
(E) The next competing bid after BCC’s was 50% higher than BCC’s bid
3) A minor league baseball franchise experienced a drop in attendance this week after they suffered three losses by margins of ten runs or more last week. Many spectators of those games wrote letters to the editors of the local sporting news, complaining of the poor play of the team in those three losses. Nevertheless, the front office of this baseball franchise maintains that the team’s poor play in those three losses has nothing to do with this week’s decline in attendance.
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the position held by the front office of the baseball franchise?
(A) The spectators who wrote letters to the local sporting news were long-standing fans of this minor league baseball team.
(B) Many minor league baseball franchises attribute a drop in attendance to the quality of play of the team only after a string of losses.
(C) Other minor league teams in that region of the state reported a similar drop in attendance this week.
(D) This was not the first time this team suffered multiple lopsided losses in a single week, prompting similar letters to the local sporting news.
(E) This minor league team is over four hours from the closest major league team, so many of the minor league team’s fans do not often attend major league games.
4) In a few recent cases, some teenagers with advanced programming abilities used a new programming language, FANTOD, to hack into ETS and change their own SAT scores. All of the teenagers convicted of this crime were highly skilled in programming FANTOD. In light of these cases, some colleges have discounted the official SAT scores of applicants with a knowledge of FANTOD, and have required them to take special admission tests in supervised conditions on their own campuses.
Which of following conclusions can most properly be drawn from the information above?
(A) Most people who learn to program in FANTOD do so to commit some kind of hacking.
(B) Colleges should rely on their own admissions tests instead of the SATs
(C) Some students with knowledge of FANTOD are possibly placed at a disadvantage in the college admission process.
(D) Students who learn FANTOD tend to have much lower SAT scores than do their peers.
(E) Some colleges have not set any special requirements for applicants who have demonstrated knowledge of FANTOD
5) In the twentieth century, the visual arts have embarked on major experimentation, from cubism to expressionism. While tastes always vary, there are certainly some people who find beautiful objects of each of the art movements of the first half of the twentieth century. In the latter half of the twentieth century, though, most works are so abstract or shocking that neither the critic nor the general public uses the word “beautiful” to describe them: indeed, sometimes late twentieth-century artists have, as one of their expressed goals, the creation of a work that no one could find beautiful. Whatever these artists are creating may be intellectually engaging at some level, but it is no longer art.
Which of the following is an assumption that supports drawing the conclusion above from the reasons given for that conclusion?
(A) Art critics generally have a different appraisal of a work of art than does the general public.
(B) The meaning of any work of art is defined entirely by the ideas of the artist who created it.
(C) Beauty is a defining quality of art.
(D) All art movements of the latter half of the twentieth century are responses to the movements of the first half of the century.
(E) It is not possible for any work to be simultaneously beautiful and intellectually engaging.
6) The National Farm Administration (NFA) has been concerned over the last decade with the struggles of barley growers.
Plan: In an effort to support these barley growers, two years ago, the NFA began a program of sending them, each autumn, a free special mix of fertilizer and enzymes designed to multiply barley yield, to be applied the following spring during first growth. This mix had been stunningly successful in multiplying the yield of barley in laboratory conditions.
Results: Most barley growers reported little change in their economic status over this two year period.
Further information: All barley growers received the shipments, and all used them. Weather conditions have been fair to optimal for barley growth over the past two years.
In light of the further information, which of the following, if true, does most to explain the result that followed the implementation of the plan?
(A) During these two years, most of the barley growers reported using no other fertilizer besides the special mix sent by the government.
(B) The trucks that drove the special mix from the depot in Wisconsin to the individual farms sometime took as much as 4 or 5 days.
(C) Some of the enzymes in the special mix multiply the growth of a bacteria that feeds on the young barley plants.
(D) This program was implemented at a time when more than half of barley growers nationwide were reported barely breaking even in their yearly expenses.
(E) This was the second such NFA program to aid barley growers; the first one, 14 years ago, was started with high hopes, but did little to change their situation.
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1. A 2. D 3. C 4. C 5. C 6. C
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